How to format your references using the Transfusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arnqvist G. Comment on “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection.” Science. 2013 May 3;340(6132):549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kang B, Ceder G. Battery materials for ultrafast charging and discharging. Nature. 2009 Mar 12;458(7235):190–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang C-S, Shemorry A, Varshavsky A. N-terminal acetylation of cellular proteins creates specific degradation signals. Science. 2010 Feb 19;327(5968):973–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Winkler K, Thalhammer G, Lang F, Grimm R, Denschlag JH, Daley AJ, et al. Repulsively bound atom pairs in an optical lattice. Nature. 2006 Jun 15;441(7095):853–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn A, Behle B, Lischewski D, Rein W. Produktionstechnische Praxis. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2002.
An edited book
Giordan G, Swatos WH Jr, editors. Religion, Spirituality and Everyday Practice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. XV, 193 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Backers T, Stephansson O. ISRM Suggested Method for the Determination of Mode II Fracture Toughness. In: Ulusay R, editor. The ISRM Suggested Methods for Rock Characterization, Testing and Monitoring: 2007-2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion.

Blog post
Andrew E. If We Burned All Fossil Fuels, Would Any Of Antarctica’s Ice Survive? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Feb. Report No.: 144236.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conlin LD. Building shared understandings in introductory physics tutorials through risk, repair, conflict & comedy [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Frequent Fliers: Takeout Menus Can’t Compete With Politics. New York Times. 2001 Sep 9;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion
ISSN (print)0041-1132
ISSN (online)1537-2995
Immunology and Allergy

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