How to format your references using the Transfusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tegmark M. Cosmology. The dark side of distortion. Nature. 2000 May 11;405(6783):133–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiao L, Liu X. Structural basis of histone H3K27 trimethylation by an active polycomb repressive complex 2. Science. 2015 Oct 16;350(6258):aac4383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savill J, Gregory C, Haslett C. Cell biology. Eat me or die. Science. 2003 Nov 28;302(5650):1516–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tran TS, Rubio ME, Clem RL, Johnson D, Case L, Tessier-Lavigne M, et al. Secreted semaphorins control spine distribution and morphogenesis in the postnatal CNS. Nature. 2009 Dec 24;462(7276):1065–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrows GE, Tyrl RJ. Toxic Plants of North America. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Rougier B, Lacroix S, editors. Egypt’s Revolutions: Politics, Religion, and Social Movements. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. VII, 281 p. (The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy).
A chapter in an edited book
Pettigrew S, Jongenelis MI. Promoting Public Health: Understanding the Limitations of Marketing Principles and the Need for Alternative Approaches. In: Plewa C, Conduit J, editors. Making a Difference Through Marketing: A Quest for Diverse Perspectives. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 61–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion.

Blog post
Hale T. NASA Has Found A “Morse Code Message” On The Surface Of Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Need To Ensure Nondiscrimination in CETA Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 Jun. Report No.: HRD-80-75.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bilbrey J. The Positive Effects Extrinsic Motivation Can Have on Intrinsic Motivation in a Math Classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hofmann P, Leland J. Urban Pastoral. New York Times. 2017 Aug 11;MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion
ISSN (print)0041-1132
ISSN (online)1537-2995
Immunology and Allergy

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