How to format your references using the Transfusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madden JD. Materials science. Artificial muscle begins to breathe. Science. 2006 Mar 17;311(5767):1559–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerman GA, Weyrich AS. Immunology. Arsonists in rheumatoid arthritis. Science. 2010 Jan 29;327(5965):528–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayor M, Lovis C, Santos NC. Doppler spectroscopy as a path to the detection of Earth-like planets. Nature. 2014 Sep 18;513(7518):328–35.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Namiki Y, Ueyama T, Yoshida T, Watanabe R, Koido S, Namiki T. Hybrid micro-particles as a magnetically-guidable decontaminant for cesium-eluted ash slurry. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 5;4:6294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kent J. ADA in Details. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Pillai P, Hu YF, Otung I, Giambene G, editors. Wireless and Satellite Systems: 7th International Conference, WiSATS 2015, Bradford, UK, July 6-7, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XII, 402 p. 193 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; vol. 154).
A chapter in an edited book
Carbó-Valverde S, Cuadros-Solas PJ, Rodríguez-Fernández F. The Reputable Underwriting Matching in Corporate Bond Issuances: Evidence for Non-financial Bonds. In: Carbó Valverde S, Cuadros Solas PJ, Rodríguez Fernández F, editors. Bank Funding, Financial Instruments and Decision-Making in the Banking Industry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 95–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion.

Blog post
Andrew E. FactCheck: Does The New Climate Deal Let China Do Nothing For 16 Years? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Schools: Comparison of Achievement Results for Students Attending Privately Managed and Traditional Schools in Six Cities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Oct. Report No.: GAO-04-62.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Echols KI. Authentic Leadership, Research Integrity, and Institutions of Higher Learning: Why Focusing on Departmental Leadership is Critical for Preserving the Sanctity of Science [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Lamar Debuts at No. 1. New York Times. 2017 Apr 24;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion
ISSN (print)0041-1132
ISSN (online)1537-2995
Immunology and Allergy

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