How to format your references using the Transfusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transfusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Looking for a fast track. Nature. 2004 Sep 16;431(7006):381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loring JF, Campbell C. Science and law. Intellectual property and human embryonic stem cell research. Science. 2006 Mar 24;311(5768):1716–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye K, Cong B, Ye D. The possible subduction of continental material to depths greater than 200 km. Nature. 2000 Oct 12;407(6805):734–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu F, Tang C, Zhan P, Chen Z, Ma H, Wang Z. Released plasmonic electric field of ultrathin tetrahedral-amorphous-carbon films coated Ag nanoparticles for SERS. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 28;4:4494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singleton TW, Singleton AJ. Fraud Auditing and Forensic Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Pan M. Spectrum Trading in Multi-Hop Cognitive Radio Networks. Li M, Li P, Fang Y, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XI, 59 p. 10 illus., 5 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar H, Rahman A. Adding a GUI. In: Rahman A, editor. Rapid Game Development Using Cocos2d-JS: An end-to-end guide to 2D game development using JavaScript. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016. p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transfusion.

Blog post
Fang J. Boats and Blue Whales Collide in Waters off California. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: State and Federal Actions to Curb Slamming and Cramming. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: RCED-99-193.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holloway LR. Synthesis and investigation of novel dinitrosyl-Iron complexes of chelated Bis-phosphine ligands: Potential nitric oxide delivery compounds [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J, Dolnick S. Slush and Short Sleeves. New York Times. 2014 Feb 14;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTransfusion
ISSN (print)0041-1132
ISSN (online)1537-2995
Immunology and Allergy

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