How to format your references using the Transplantation Proceedings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplantation Proceedings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett T. Physics. Superfluidity in a crystal? Science 2004;305:1921–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baldauf D, Desimone R. Neural mechanisms of object-based attention. Science 2014;344:424–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao Y, Wang Y, Felleman DJ. A spatially organized representation of colour in macaque cortical area V2. Nature 2003;421:535–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zwierlein MW, Abo-Shaeer JR, Schirotzek A, Schunck CH, Ketterle W. Vortices and superfluidity in a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Nature 2005;435:1047–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Sijde P van der, Ridder A, Blaauw G, Diensberg C, editors. Teaching Entrepreneurship: Cases for Education and Training. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen Y, Yu H. DNA-Based Nanotechnology Biosensors for Surgical Diagnosis. In: Webster TJ, editor. Nanotechnology Enabled In situ Sensors for Monitoring Health, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 75–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplantation Proceedings.

Blog post
Hale T. Five Women Masturbated Inside An MRI Machine. This Is A Video Of Their Brains During Orgasm. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Weather Forecasting: Radar Availability Requirement Not Being Met. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim B. Essays in the Dynamics Bayesian Models in Marketing. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Whitney: Can I Be Me. New York Times 2017:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplantation Proceedings
AbbreviationTransplant. Proc.
ISSN (print)0041-1345

Other styles