How to format your references using the Diabetology International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diabetology International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Triendl R. Staffing shortage threatens Japan’s structural genomics. Nature. 2001;410:724.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schindler CS, Jacobsen EN. Chemistry. A new twist on cooperative catalysis. Science. 2013;340:1052–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tong S, Meagher S, Vollenhoven B. Sonography: dizygotic twin survival in early pregnancy. Nature. 2002;416:142.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Randau L, Münch R, Hohn MJ, Jahn D, Söll D. Nanoarchaeum equitans creates functional tRNAs from separate genes for their 5’- and 3’-halves. Nature. 2005;433:537–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sinclair E. Volatility Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. König A, Dengel A, Hinkelmann K, Kise K, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Köhn H. Jewish Life in Camps after 1945. Displaced Persons Camps in the US Zone of Germany. In: Hoppe A, editor. Catastrophes: Views from Natural and Human Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diabetology International.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Watch A Goblin Shark Take A Bite [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/goblin-shark-bite/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Troops-To-Teachers: Program Brings More Men and Minorities to the Teaching Workforce, but Education Could Improve Management to Enhance Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Mar. Report No.: GAO-06-265.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kyereboah R. Criteria For Appointing Board Members to Corporate Boards in Ghana [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Soloski A. As Battered as Job, He Bills by the Hour. New York Times. 2017 Feb 28;C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDiabetology International
AbbreviationDiabetol. Int.
ISSN (print)2190-1678
ISSN (online)2190-1686
ScopeEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Internal Medicine

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