How to format your references using the Transcription citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transcription. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dalton R. International science council names first female president. Nature 2000; 403:582.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hertzfeld HR, Pace SN. Space law. International cooperation on human lunar heritage. Science 2013; 342:1049–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rogers JA, Lagally MG, Nuzzo RG. Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes. Nature 2011; 477:45–53.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Wild C, Huettel M, Klueter A, Kremb SG, Rasheed MYM, Jørgensen BB. Coral mucus functions as an energy carrier and particle trap in the reef ecosystem. Nature 2004; 428:66–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Le Ruyet D, Pischella M. Digital Communications 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Andrews GE. Ramanujan’s Lost Notebook: Part I. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mastrogiovanni F, Scalmato A, Sgorbissa A, Zaccaria R. An Integrated Approach to Context Specification and Recognition in Smart Homes. In: Helal S, Mitra S, Wong J, Chang CK, Mokhtari M, editors. Smart Homes and Health Telematics: 6th International Conference, ICOST 2008 Ames, IA, USA, June 28-July 2, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. page 26–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transcription.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. For Only 3 Cents, Your Smartphone Can Be Converted Into A Microscope [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/new-lens-converts-your-smartphone-microscope-3-cents/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hey SE. Olivier Messiaen’s “Quartet for the End of Time”: A look at “The Abyss of the Birds” and socio-political issues, religion and performance practice in reference to the bible and the holocaust. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gordon MR. Defense Secretary Says He Didn’t Contradict President. New York Times2017; :A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranscription
AbbreviationTranscription
ISSN (print)2154-1264
ISSN (online)2154-1272
ScopeBiochemistry
Biotechnology
Genetics

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