How to format your references using the Transcription citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transcription. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Laundré JW. Ecology. How large predators manage the cost of hunting. Science 2014; 346:33–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Owen R, Jobling S. Environmental science: The hidden costs of flexible fertility. Nature 2012; 485:441.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Teufel R, Friedrich T, Fuchs G. An oxygenase that forms and deoxygenates toxic epoxide. Nature 2012; 483:359–62.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Scheffer M, Carpenter S, Foley JA, Folke C, Walker B. Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature 2001; 413:591–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Püschl W. Physik des Segelns. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Geffert V, Karhumäki J, Bertoni A, Preneel B, Návrat P, Bieliková M, editors. SOFSEM 2008: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 34th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia, January 19-25, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
van Breda W, Pastor J, Hoogendoorn M, Ruwaard J, Asselbergs J, Riper H. Exploring and Comparing Machine Learning Approaches for Predicting Mood Over Time. In: Chen Y-W, Tanaka S, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, editors. Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. page 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transcription.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. These Are The Organizations That Can Now View Your Browser History Under New Security Laws. IFLScience2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Data Processing: SBA Needs To Strengthen Management of Its Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hernandez M. Successful emancipation of foster youth through the use of mentors: A grant proposal. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gurley G. The Uninvited Guests. New York Times2016; :D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTranscription
AbbreviationTranscription
ISSN (print)2154-1264
ISSN (online)2154-1272
ScopeBiochemistry
Biotechnology
Genetics

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