How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Thompson JK. Quantum physics: Atomic doughnuts from single photons. Nature. 2015;519(7544):420-422.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Raymo ME, Huybers P. Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages. Nature. 2008;451(7176):284-285.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zaimi K, Ishak A, Pop I. Boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a nonlinearly permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4404.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mezzacapo A, Las Heras U, Pedernales JS, DiCarlo L, Solano E, Lamata L. Digital quantum Rabi and Dicke models in superconducting circuits. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Naylor W, Laverty D, Mallett J. The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Wound Management in Cancer Care. Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Brooks AJ, Clasper J, Midwinter M, Hodgetts TJ, Mahoney PF, eds. Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gil GB, Bustamante AL, Berlanga A, Molina JM. ContextCare: Autonomous Video Surveillance System Using Multi-camera and Smartphones. In: Casillas J, Martínez-López FJ, Corchado Rodríguez JM, eds. Management Intelligent Systems: First International Symposium. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer; 2012:47-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Are Space And Time An Illusion? IFLScience. Published May 4, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/your-future-set-stone-spacetime/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Programs for Land-Grant Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Madigan JP. Regulation of localization and function of the Rho family small GTPase, Rnd3. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sabrina Tavernise With. For the Families, Anger Mixes With Mourning. New York Times. August 18, 2000:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationAsian J. Surg.
ISSN (print)1015-9584
ScopeSurgery

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