How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Boulton G. Open your minds and share your results. Nature. 2012;486(7404):441.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Koch C, Reid RC. Neuroscience: Observatories of the mind. Nature. 2012;483(7390):397-398.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Silk JB, Alberts SC, Altmann J. Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival. Science. 2003;302(5648):1231-1234.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Choi JH, Banks AS, Estall JL, et al. Anti-diabetic drugs inhibit obesity-linked phosphorylation of PPARgamma by Cdk5. Nature. 2010;466(7305):451-456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Khouw MC, Guthner MW. The Options Edge + Free Trial. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Chechurin L, ed. Research and Practice on the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ): Linking Creativity, Engineering and Innovation. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gutierrez M, Wang J. MICROMECHANICAL STUDY OF STRAIN LOCALIZATION AND FAILURE IN THE DIRECT SHEAR TEST OF GRANULAR SOILS. In: Borja RI, ed. Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics: Resultsof the Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, Stanford, June 23–25, 2010. Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:17-20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. The US Air Force’s Secret Space Plane Just Returned To Earth. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-us-air-forces-secret-space-plane-just-returned-to-earth/. Published May 8, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Commercial Space Launch Industry Developments Present Multiple Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Galan M. Educational practices to support homeless students. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Playing in Cooperstown, On a Team of Their Own. New York Times. August 17, 2008:LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationAsian J. Surg.
ISSN (print)1015-9584
ScopeSurgery

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