How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ford AT. The mechanistic pathways of trophic interactions in human-occupied landscapes. Science. 2015;350(6265):1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fyke J, Eby M. Comment on “Climate sensitivity estimated from temperature reconstructions of the Last Glacial Maximum.” Science. 2012;337(6100):1294; author reply 1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang TT, Parides MK, Palese P. Seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: meta-analysis. Science. 2012;335(6075):1463.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Dewar H, Tanaka K, Nasmyth K, Tanaka TU. Tension between two kinetochores suffices for their bi-orientation on the mitotic spindle. Nature. 2004;428(6978):93-97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rimai DS. Patent Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Wartofsky L, Van Nostrand D, eds. Thyroid Cancer: A Comprehensive Guide to Clinical Management. 3rd ed. 2016. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Queralt J. A Human Right to Financial Inclusion. In: Gaisbauer HP, Schweiger G, Sedmak C, eds. Ethical Issues in Poverty Alleviation. Studies in Global Justice. Springer International Publishing; 2016:77-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. How Listening To Music Could Help You Beat Insomnia. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Telecommunications Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Eaglen Bertrando SL. Rethinking Workplace Learning in the Digital World: A Case Study of Open Badges. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schmitt E, Qiu L. Digging Into Argument For a Wall on the Border. New York Times. April 27, 2017:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationAsian J. Surg.
ISSN (print)1015-9584
ScopeSurgery

Other styles