How to format your references using the Australian Feminist Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Feminist Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sovacool, Benjamin K. 2012. “Energy. Deploying off-Grid Technology to Eradicate Energy Poverty.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6103): 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stewart, I., and J. Cohen. 2000. “Monolith.” Nature 408 (6815): 913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao, Meng-Chao, Patrick Fuller, and Xiaohui Xi. 2003. “Programmed DNA Deletion as an RNA-Guided System of Genome Defense.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5625): 1581–1584.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shi, Hailing, Xuliang Zhang, Yi-Lan Weng, Zongyang Lu, Yajing Liu, Zhike Lu, Jianan Li, et al. 2018. “M6A Facilitates Hippocampus-Dependent Learning and Memory through YTHDF1.” Nature 563 (7730): 249–253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès, Henri. 2013. Linear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ruiz-Shulcloper, José, and Gabriella Sanniti di Baja, eds. 2013. Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications: 18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-23, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 8258. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha, and Ujjwal Maulik. 2013. “Target Tracking Using Fuzzy Hostility Induced Segmentation of Optical Flow Field.” In Soft Computing for Image and Multimedia Data Processing, edited by Ujjwal Maulik, 97–107. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Feminist Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Why A Lack Of Sleep Makes Us Depressed … And What We Can Do About It.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Federal Organization for Science and Technology. 091014. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nistal França, Frederico José. 2017. “Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, Michael. 2017. “New York City Jails Take Another Blow: Respected Official Is Stepping Down.” New York Times, May 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sovacool 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Sovacool 2012; Stewart and Cohen 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stewart and Cohen 2000)
  • Three authors: (Yao, Fuller, and Xi 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shi et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Feminist Studies
AbbreviationAust. Fem. Stud.
ISSN (print)0816-4649
ISSN (online)1465-3303
ScopeGender Studies

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