How to format your references using the Australian Feminist Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Feminist Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, Colin. 2014. “Wanted: Fraud-Buster with Political Antennae.” Nature 507 (7492): 275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reilly, Stephen M., and Thomas D. White. 2003. “Hypaxial Motor Patterns and the Function of Epipubic Bones in Primitive Mammals.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5605): 400–402.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peters, Christian J., David Fedida, and Eric A. Accili. 2013. “Allosteric Coupling of the Inner Activation Gate to the Outer Pore of a Potassium Channel.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 3025.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dong, Xi-Ping, Philip C. J. Donoghue, Hong Cheng, and Jian-Bo Liu. 2004. “Fossil Embryos from the Middle and Late Cambrian Period of Hunan, South China.” Nature 427 (6971): 237–240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Ruyet, Didier, and Mylène Pischella. 2015. Digital Communications 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hawkesford, Malcolm J., Stanislav Kopriva, and Luit J. De Kok, eds. 2014. Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants: Concepts and Approaches. Vol. 10. Plant Ecophysiology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Carambas, Maria Cristina D. M. 2007. “Economic Analysis of Eco-Labeling: The Case of Labeled Organic Rice in Thailand.” In New Frontiers in Environmental and Social Labeling, edited by Ulrike Grote, Arnab K. Basu, and Nancy H. Chau, 83–109. Sustainability and Innovation. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Feminist Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What Can Beagles Teach Us About Alzheimer’s Disease?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Status of Budget Authority Proposed for Rescission. OGC-84-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caraballo-Cole, Tania. 2012. “Mindfulness-Based Mental Health Services for Single Mothers: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “My Son the Bureaucrat, My Dad the Gadfly.” New York Times, July 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2014; Reilly and White 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reilly and White 2003)
  • Three authors: (Peters, Fedida, and Accili 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Dong et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Feminist Studies
AbbreviationAust. Fem. Stud.
ISSN (print)0816-4649
ISSN (online)1465-3303
ScopeGender Studies

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