How to format your references using the Australian Feminist Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Feminist Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkbeiner, Ann. 2011. “JASON Past, Present, and Future: The World’s Most Independent Defence Science Advisers.” Nature 477 (7365): 397–399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitchell, S. J., and R. A. Silver. 2000. “Glutamate Spillover Suppresses Inhibition by Activating Presynaptic MGluRs.” Nature 404 (6777): 498–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brose, Ulrich, Richard J. Williams, and Neo D. Martinez. 2003. “Comment on ‘Foraging Adaptation and the Relationship between Food-Web Complexity and Stability.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5635): 918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chakrabarty, Rajan K., Nicholas D. Beres, Hans Moosmüller, Swarup China, Claudio Mazzoleni, Manvendra K. Dubey, Li Liu, and Michael I. Mishchenko. 2014. “Soot Superaggregates from Flaming Wildfires and Their Direct Radiative Forcing.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5508.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avlonas, Nikos, and George P. Nassos. 2013. Practical Sustainability Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ghosh, Ashish, and Lakhmi C. Jain, eds. 2005. Evolutionary Computation in Data Mining. Vol. 163. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Roser, Florian. 2008. “Proliferation Behaviour of Meningiomas.” In Samii’s Essentials in Neurosurgery, edited by Marco Tatagiba, 27–34. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Feminist Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Head Transplant Surgeon Reveals Bizarre New Studies And Breakthroughs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Overview of the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program and Its Operation in California. 112127. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson, Erik B. 2014. “Bahamian Quaternary Geology and the Global Carbon Budget.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, Michael J., and Cecilia Kang. 2017. “TV Station Owners Rush to Seize on Looser Rules.” New York Times, May 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkbeiner 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Finkbeiner 2011; Mitchell and Silver 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mitchell and Silver 2000)
  • Three authors: (Brose, Williams, and Martinez 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chakrabarty et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Feminist Studies
AbbreviationAust. Fem. Stud.
ISSN (print)0816-4649
ISSN (online)1465-3303
ScopeGender Studies

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