How to format your references using the Australian Feminist Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Feminist Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. 2000. “NUCLEAR SECURITY: Los Alamos Under Siege After Secrets Recovered.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288 (5474): 2109a–2110a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feinberg, Evan H., and Markus Meister. 2015. “Orientation Columns in the Mouse Superior Colliculus.” Nature 519 (7542): 229–232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagemaker, M., A. P. M. Kentgens, and F. M. Mulder. 2002. “Equilibrium Lithium Transport between Nanocrystalline Phases in Intercalated TiO(2) Anatase.” Nature 418 (6896): 397–399.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mendillo, Michael, Paul Withers, David Hinson, Henry Rishbeth, and Bodo Reinisch. 2006. “Effects of Solar Flares on the Ionosphere of Mars.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5764): 1135–1138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kwartler, Ted. 2017. Text Mining in Practice with R. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gibson, Joel. 2016. Optical Flow and Trajectory Estimation Methods. Edited by Oge Marques. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Graves, Paul R., Isabel Jackson, Mitchell S. Anscher, Ross Mikkelsen, and Zeljko Vujaskovic. 2014. “Biodetection and Biointervention: Cytokine Pathways as a Rationale for Anti-Cytokine Interventions Post-Radiation.” In ALERT - Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 1: General Concepts and Specific Precepts, edited by Philip Rubin, Louis S. Constine, and Lawrence B. Marks, 53–64. Medical Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Feminist Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Eastern Quolls To Be Finally Reintroduced To Mainland Australia After 50 Years Of Extinction.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Maintaining Effective Control Over Employee Time and Attendance Reporting. GAO-01-186G. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masuyama, Grey. 2010. “The Bird Is A Word.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Steinhauer, Jennifer, Glenn Thrush, and Robert Pear. 2017. “How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President.” New York Times, July 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff 2000; Feinberg and Meister 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feinberg and Meister 2015)
  • Three authors: (Wagemaker, Kentgens, and Mulder 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mendillo et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Feminist Studies
AbbreviationAust. Fem. Stud.
ISSN (print)0816-4649
ISSN (online)1465-3303
ScopeGender Studies

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