How to format your references using the Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mutter J (2010) Disasters widen the rich-poor gap. Nature 466:1042
A journal article with 2 authors
Ibata RA, Lewis GF (2008) The cosmic web in our own backyard. Science 319:50–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Fischer J, Baumgartner J, Marschner C (2005) Synthesis and structure of sila-adamantane. Science 310:825
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Merbach MA, Merbach DJ, Maschwitz U, et al (2002) Mass march of termites into the deadly trap. Nature 415:36–37

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher MJ (2010) Retirement Portfolios. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Heber-Katz E, Stocum DL (eds) (2013) New Perspectives in Regeneration. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Noguera C, Duchien L (2008) Annotation Framework Validation Using Domain Models. In: Schieferdecker I, Hartman A (eds) Model Driven Architecture – Foundations and Applications: 4th European Conference, ECMDA-FA 2008, Berlin, Germany, June 9-13, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 48–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Can Wearing Orange-Tinted Glasses Before Bed Help You Sleep? Only One Way To Find Out…. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Rural Children: Increasing Poverty Rates Pose Educational Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sorensen TR (2010) The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L (2013) Bathed in the Glow of Splashing Water. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mutter 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ibata and Lewis 2008; Mutter 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ibata and Lewis 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Merbach et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetwork Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationNetw. Model. Anal. Health Inform. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)2192-6662
ISSN (online)2192-6670

Other styles