How to format your references using the Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fabian AC (2008) Astronomy. A blast from the past. Science 320:1167–1168
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper VS, Lenski RE (2000) The population genetics of ecological specialization in evolving Escherichia coli populations. Nature 407:736–739
A journal article with 3 authors
Gershman SJ, Horvitz EJ, Tenenbaum JB (2015) Computational rationality: A converging paradigm for intelligence in brains, minds, and machines. Science 349:273–278
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Klauk H, Zschieschang U, Pflaum J, Halik M (2007) Ultralow-power organic complementary circuits. Nature 445:745–748

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro B, Ruiz P, Danoy G, et al (2014) Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Guthoff R, Katowitz JA (eds) (2006) Oculoplastics and Orbit. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lekkas T (2014) Legal Pirates Ltd: Home Computing Cultures in Early 1980s Greece. In: Alberts G, Oldenziel R (eds) Hacking Europe: From Computer Cultures to Demoscenes. Springer, London, pp 73–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Huge Chain Of Volcanoes Discovered In Australia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Software Distribution: Review of the Department of Energy’s National Energy Software Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzog L (2013) Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) A Modern Masterpiece Turns 25. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fabian 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper and Lenski 2000; Fabian 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Lenski 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Klauk et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetwork Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationNetw. Model. Anal. Health Inform. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)2192-6662
ISSN (online)2192-6670

Other styles