How to format your references using the Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dzenis Y (2004) Material science. Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology. Science 304:1917–1919
A journal article with 2 authors
Fiete GA, de Lozanne A (2010) Physics. Seeing quantum fractals. Science 327:652–653
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortin PD, Walsh CT, Magarvey NA (2007) A transglutaminase homologue as a condensation catalyst in antibiotic assembly lines. Nature 448:824–827
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Frankland PW, O’Brien C, Ohno M, et al (2001) Alpha-CaMKII-dependent plasticity in the cortex is required for permanent memory. Nature 411:309–313

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrell DB (2011) Towards a Jewish-Christian-Muslim Theology. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Napolitano NR, Longo G, Marconi M, et al (eds) (2016) The Universe of Digital Sky Surveys: A Meeting to Honour the 70th Birthday of Massimo Capaccioli, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fleenor BS, Berrones AJ (2015) Interventions to Destiffen Arteries. In: Berrones AJ (ed) Arterial Stiffness: Implications and Interventions. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Three Massive Eruptions on Jupiter’s Io Within Two Weeks. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Regulating Domestic Telecommunications Common Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Popoveniuc S (2009) A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Martin D (2016) Phil Chess, Whose Label Elevated Unknown Blues Singers, Dies at 95. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dzenis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Dzenis 2004; Fiete and de Lozanne 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fiete and de Lozanne 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Frankland et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetwork Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationNetw. Model. Anal. Health Inform. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)2192-6662
ISSN (online)2192-6670

Other styles