How to format your references using the Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Lessons in career planning. Nature 418:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Wagner EF, Petruzzelli M (2015) Cancer metabolism: A waste of insulin interference. Nature 521:430–431
A journal article with 3 authors
Stebe KJ, Lewandowski E, Ghosh M (2009) Materials science. Oriented assembly of metamaterials. Science 325:159–160
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cortázar D, Kunz C, Selfridge J, et al (2011) Embryonic lethal phenotype reveals a function of TDG in maintaining epigenetic stability. Nature 470:419–423

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2011) Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lenarcic J, Husty M (eds) (2012) Latest Advances in Robot Kinematics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Dayal U, Wilkinson K, Simitsis A, et al (2012) Optimization of Analytic Data Flows for Next Generation Business Intelligence Applications. In: Nambiar R, Poess M (eds) Topics in Performance Evaluation, Measurement and Characterization: Third TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, August 29-September 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) We’re About To See A Reused SpaceX Rocket Launch For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Information Technology: OMB and Department of Homeland Security Investment Reviews. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yildiz S (2015) Performance analysis of space-time trellis coded MIMO-OFDM systems. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2017) E.U. Lawmakers Approve Canada Trade Deal, in Message to Trump. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Wagner and Petruzzelli 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wagner and Petruzzelli 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cortázar et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNetwork Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics
AbbreviationNetw. Model. Anal. Health Inform. Bioinform.
ISSN (print)2192-6662
ISSN (online)2192-6670

Other styles