How to format your references using the Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.A. Lee, Science, 321, 1306–1307 (2008).
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Fujiwara and Y. Takahashi, Nature, 410, 560–562 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
J.R. Petta, H. Lu, and A.C. Gossard, Science, 327, 669–672 (2010).
A journal article with 20 or more authors
H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D.M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G.K. Celler, P.M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M.G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, Sci. Rep., 3, 1291 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Fingerloos, J. Hegger, and K. Zilch, “EUROCODE 2 für Deutschland”, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2016).
An edited book
K. Pritchard-Jones and J.S. Dome, eds., “Renal Tumors of Childhood: Biology and Therapy”, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
A. Pauli, H. Alesi, and S. Anderson, The development of the HyShot flight program, in: Ed. by Z. Jiang, Shock Waves: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves Beijing, China July 11–16, 2004, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005), pp. 31–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Whales Have Unique Voices.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “High-Containment Laboratories: Improved Oversight of Dangerous Pathogens Needed to Mitigate Risk”, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.C. Crane, A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, New York Times, 149 (1998).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan
ISSN (print)1382-3469

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