How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Resources Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Resources Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Gennes, P. G., 2001, “Ultradivided Matter,” Nature, 412(6845), p. 385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Landskron, K., and Ozin, G. A., 2004, “Periodic Mesoporous Dendrisilicas,” Science, 306(5701), pp. 1529–1532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Chakrabarty, D., and Kaplan, D. L., 2006, “A Debris Disk around an Isolated Young Neutron Star,” Nature, 440(7085), pp. 772–775.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, X., Manna, L., Yang, W., Wickham, J., Scher, E., Kadavanich, A., and Alivisatos, A. P., 2000, “Shape Control of CdSe Nanocrystals,” Nature, 404(6773), pp. 59–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yakushevich, L. V., 2005, Nonlinear Physics of DNA, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Leder, S. B., 2014, The Yale Swallow Protocol: An Evidence-Based Approach to Decision Making, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Paneni, F., and Cosentino, F., 2015, “Diabetic Cardiomyopathy,” Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide to Clinical Management, F. Cosentino, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Resources Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “Experts Announce Plan to Create World’s First ‘Space Nation,’” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996, Telecommunications Network: NASA Could Better Manage Its Planned Consolidation, AIMD-96-33, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D., 2015, “Compliance with Dietary Restrictions among African American Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease in a Nursing Home Setting,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007, “Supreme Court Is Referee In Delaware River Fight,” New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Resources Technology
AbbreviationJ. Energy Resour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0195-0738
ISSN (online)1528-8994
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles