How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Resources Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Resources Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lutkenhaus, J., 2008, “Biochemistry. Tinkering with Acellular Division,” Science, 320(5877), pp. 755–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, L., and AghaKouchak, A., 2014, “Nonstationary Precipitation Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves for Infrastructure Design in a Changing Climate,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 7093.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarro-González, R., McKay, C. P., and Mvondo, D. N., 2001, “A Possible Nitrogen Crisis for Archaean Life Due to Reduced Nitrogen Fixation by Lightning,” Nature, 412(6842), pp. 61–64.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Darieva, Z., Bulmer, R., Pic-Taylor, A., Doris, K. S., Geymonat, M., Sedgwick, S. G., Morgan, B. A., and Sharrocks, A. D., 2006, “Polo Kinase Controls Cell-Cycle-Dependent Transcription by Targeting a Coactivator Protein,” Nature, 444(7118), pp. 494–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F. B., 2008, Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Rodriguez-Galindo, C., and Wilson, M. W., eds., 2010, Retinoblastoma, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Boedicker, J. Q., Brenner, K., and Weibel, D. B., 2015, “Spatial Structure of Microbes in Nature and the Biophysics of Cell–Cell Communication,” The Physical Basis of Bacterial Quorum Communication, S.J. Hagen, ed., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Resources Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, “China and US Make Historic Climate Change Agreement,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991, Teenage Drug Use: Uncertain Linkages With Either Pregnancy or School Dropout, PEMD-91-3, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shenasi, S. Y., 2015, “The Roots of Music Therapy: Healing the Wounds of the Psyche,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M., 2017, “For Family Reeling From Death in Times Square Crash, ‘Nothing Is Safe Anymore,’” New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Resources Technology
AbbreviationJ. Energy Resour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0195-0738
ISSN (online)1528-8994
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles