How to format your references using the Journal of Energy Resources Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Energy Resources Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, P., 2010, “Glia. Glee for Glia. Introduction,” Science, 330(6005), p. 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dessler, A. E., and Sherwood, S. C., 2009, “Atmospheric Science. A Matter of Humidity,” Science, 323(5917), pp. 1020–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brandes, M., Willimann, K., and Moser, B., 2005, “Professional Antigen-Presentation Function by Human Gammadelta T Cells,” Science, 309(5732), pp. 264–268.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kiers, E. T., Duhamel, M., Beesetty, Y., Mensah, J. A., Franken, O., Verbruggen, E., Fellbaum, C. R., Kowalchuk, G. A., Hart, M. M., Bago, A., Palmer, T. M., West, S. A., Vandenkoornhuyse, P., Jansa, J., and Bücking, H., 2011, “Reciprocal Rewards Stabilize Cooperation in the Mycorrhizal Symbiosis,” Science, 333(6044), pp. 880–882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moir, I., and Seabridge, A. G., 2006, Military Avionics Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jawaid, M., Qaiss, A. el K., and Bouhfid, R., eds., 2016, Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites: Nanocomposites and Bionanocomposites, Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauche, J., Bauche-Arnoult, C., and Peyrusse, O., 2015, “Modeling of Ionic Spectra,” Atomic Properties in Hot Plasmas: From Levels to Superconfigurations, C. Bauche-Arnoult, and O. Peyrusse, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 135–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Energy Resources Technology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014, “Dwarf Galaxies Fail To Match Expectations,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006, Suggested Areas for Oversight for the 110th Congress, GAO-07-235R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Francis, T. M., 2017, “The Lived Experience of Caribbean Women and Their Experiences as Senior-Level Leaders: A Phenomenological Study,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., 2015, “Puerto Rico to Restructure Up to $5.7 Billion in Debt,” New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Energy Resources Technology
AbbreviationJ. Energy Resour. Technol.
ISSN (print)0195-0738
ISSN (online)1528-8994
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Fuel Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles