How to format your references using the American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Streicker DG. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. From persistence to cross-species emergence of a viral zoonosis. Science 342: 1185–1186, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koelle K, Rasmussen DA. Influenza: Prediction is worth a shot. Nature 507: 47–48, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström G, Nettles M, Abers GA. Glacial earthquakes. Science 302: 622–624, 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hansen CJ, Esposito LW, Stewart AIF, Meinke B, Wallis B, Colwell JE, Hendrix AR, Larsen K, Pryor W, Tian F. Water vapour jets inside the plume of gas leaving Enceladus. Nature 456: 477–479, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinebretière R. X-ray Diffraction by Polycrystalline Materials. London, UK: ISTE, 2010.
An edited book
Guo S, Guo Y, editors. Spotlight on China: Changes in Education under China’s Market Economy. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu J, Yang-Li X. A Fast Parallel Association Rules Mining Algorithm Based on FP-Forest. In: Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2008: 5th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2008, Beijing, China, September 24-28, 2008, Proceedings, Part II, edited by Sun F, Zhang J, Tan Y, Cao J, Yu W. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, p. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology.

Blog post
Evans K. New Summit Announced To Highlight Much-Needed Optimism In Conservation. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Third Expenditure Plan Meets Legislative Conditions, but Cost Estimating Improvements Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmstedt C. Low voltage switched-current cell and its application. California State University, Long Beach: 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Golden Arms Tourney Continues a Quest. New York Times: 86, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative, and Comparative Physiology
AbbreviationAm. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0363-6119
ISSN (online)1522-1490
Physiology (medical)

Other styles