How to format your references using the Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Levitin C. Russian PM supports science. Nature. 2000;405(6785):384.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Smaglik P, Abbott A. Project offers free mouse sequence. Nature. 2000;407(6805):663-664.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hagan CL, Kim S, Kahne D. Reconstitution of outer membrane protein assembly from purified components. Science. 2010;328(5980):890-892.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liou YC, Tocilj A, Davies PL, Jia Z. Mimicry of ice structure by surface hydroxyls and water of a beta-helix antifreeze protein. Nature. 2000;406(6793):322-324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
McLean D. Understanding Aerodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Rozelot J-P, Neiner C, eds. Cartography of the Sun and the Stars. Vol 914. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kim S-K, Han J-M, Song M-Y. A Social Network System Based on an Ontology in the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine. In: Breslin JG, Burg TN, Kim H-G, Raftery T, Schmidt J-H, eds. Recent Trends and Developments in Social Software: International Conferences on Social Software, BlogTalk 2008, Cork, Ireland, March 3-4, 2008, and BlogTalk 2009, Jeju Island, South Korea, September 15-16, 2009. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:46-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Do Archaeologists Discover Forgotten Ancient Monuments? IFLScience. Published September 11, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-do-archaeologists-discover-forgotten-ancient-monuments/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Setting On-Time Performance Targets at Congested Airports Could Help Focus FAA’s Actions. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lim RH-J. A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Focused on Steering A Dinghy to Sydney. New York Times. July 25, 1999:812.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarkers and Genomic Medicine
ISSN (print)2214-0247
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

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