How to format your references using the Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White TW. Unique and redundant connexin contributions to lens development. Science. 2002;295(5553):319-320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panstruga R, Dodds PN. Terrific protein traffic: the mystery of effector protein delivery by filamentous plant pathogens. Science. 2009;324(5928):748-750.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grunwald R, Elsaesser T, Bock M. Spatio-temporal coherence mapping of few-cycle vortex pulses. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7148.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reysenbach AL, Banta AB, Boone DR, Cary SC, Luther GW. Microbial essentials at hydrothermal vents. Nature. 2000;404(6780):835.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooper J, Zalewski A, Watanabe E. Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Cao L, Motoda H, Srivastava J, et al., eds. Behavior and Social Computing: International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, April 14-17, 2013 and International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 8178. Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Das P, Dutta G, Mandal NK, Sinha BK. OCDs in Group Divisible Design Set-Up. In: Dutta G, Mandal NK, Sinha BK, eds. Optimal Covariate Designs: Theory and Applications. Springer India; 2015:65-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Dinosaur Discovered, Nicknamed “Chicken From Hell.” IFLScience. Published March 20, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Education: Issues Involving Single-Gender Schools and Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Briseno AR. Improving School Performance through Family Involvement: A Grant Project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Route 110 Plan Worries Some Merchants. New York Times. September 2, 2006:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiomarkers and Genomic Medicine
ISSN (print)2214-0247
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Biomedical Engineering
General Medicine
Drug Discovery

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