How to format your references using the Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilkinson, L.S. (2010) Developmental biology. Which parental gene gets the upper hand? Science, 329, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Festing, M.F. & Fisher, E.M. (2000) Mighty mice. Nature, 404, 815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kernbauer, E., Ding, Y., & Cadwell, K. (2014) An enteric virus can replace the beneficial function of commensal bacteria. Nature, 516, 94–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aouadi, M., Tesz, G.J., Nicoloro, S.M., Wang, M., Chouinard, M., Soto, E., Ostroff, G.R., & Czech, M.P. (2009) Orally delivered siRNA targeting macrophage Map4k4 suppresses systemic inflammation. Nature, 458, 1180–1184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiek, B., Rolfes, I., & Siweris, H.-J. (2005) Noise in High-Frequency Circuits and Oscillators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Richter, C., Lincot, D., & Gueymard, C.A. (2013) Solar Energy. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Văduva, S., Alistar, V.T., Thomas, A.R., Lupiţu, C.D., & Neagoie, D.S. (2016) Management of Risks. Moral Leadership in Business: Towards a Business Culture of Integrity, SpringerBriefs in Business (Alistar, V.T., Thomas, A.R., Lupiţu, C.D., & Neagoie, D.S. eds). Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) Can You Guess How Much a Stegosaurus Weighs? IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) The Impact of Budget Cuts on Three Directorates of the National Science Foundation ( No. PAD-82-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vas, L.T. (2008) Orbis pictus: Intermedialität zwischen Berliner Stadtmalerei und literarischer Stadterfahrung dargestellt anhand der Werke von E.T.A. Hoffmann und Wilhelm Raabe (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S.M. (2015) North Fork Grows Meat to Go With the Potatoes. New York Times, LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilkinson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Festing & Fisher, 2000; Wilkinson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Festing & Fisher, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Aouadi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of Mathematics and its Applications
AbbreviationTrans. Math. Its Appl.
ISSN (online)2398-4945

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