How to format your references using the Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications citation style
This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.
Using reference management software
Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:
The citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
The style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.
Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.
Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.
A journal article with 1 author
Hampshire, V. (2000) Poorly conducted (or reported) animal tests put humans at risk. Nature, 407, 671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasting, J.F. & Siefert, J.L. (2002) Life and the evolution of Earth’s atmosphere. Science, 296, 1066–1068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ginsburg, G.S., Angrist, M., & Cook-Deegan, R. (2006) Public health. Genomics and medicine at a crossroads in Chernobyl. Science, 314, 62–63.
Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.
An authored book
Smith, G.S. (2013) Straight to the Top. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Noy, A. (2008) Handbook of Molecular Force Spectroscopy. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Danielescu, A., Savio-Ramos, C., & Sadauskas, J. (2013) Constructing an Embodied Interaction for Concept Mapping. HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Communications in Computer and Information Science (Stephanidis, C. ed). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 23–27.
This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".
Government Accountability Office (2014) Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: Introducing Competition into National Security Space Launch Acquisitions ( No. GAO-14-259T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
Theses and dissertations
Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.
Hertzog, L. (2013) Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach (Doctoral dissertation).
News paper articles
Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Shear, M.D. (2017) ‘I’m President and They’re Not’: Trump Attack Brings Crowd to Its Feet. New York Times, A18.
References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:
This sentence cites one reference (Hampshire, 2000). This sentence cites two references (Hampshire, 2000; Kasting & Siefert, 2002).
Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors: