How to format your references using the Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maugeri, L. (2004) Science and industry. Oil: never cry wolf--why the petroleum age is far from over. Science, 304, 1114–1115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mello, C.C. & Conte, D., Jr (2004) Revealing the world of RNA interference. Nature, 431, 338–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, P., Gioia, G., & Kieffer, S.W. (2009) Volcanic mesocyclones. Nature, 458, 497–500.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stankovich, S., Dikin, D.A., Dommett, G.H.B., Kohlhaas, K.M., Zimney, E.J., Stach, E.A., Piner, R.D., Nguyen, S.T., & Ruoff, R.S. (2006) Graphene-based composite materials. Nature, 442, 282–286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollin, C.R. (2016) The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Noriega, P., Vázquez-Salceda, J., Boella, G., Boissier, O., Dignum, V., Fornara, N., & Matson, E. (2007) Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems II: AAMAS 2006 and ECAI 2006 International Workshops, COIN 2006 Hakodate, Japan, May 9, 2006 Riva del Garda, Italy, August 28, 2006. Revised Selected Papers, vol. 4386. , Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pérez, J.P.A., Pueyo, S.C., & López, B.C. (2011) Conclusions. Automatic Gain Control: Techniques and Architectures for RF Receivers (Pueyo, S.C. & López, B.C. eds). New York, NY: Springer, pp. 117–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transactions of Mathematics and its Applications.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014) The Black Death May Have Improved Health. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Increasing Costs, Competition May Hinder U.S. Position of Leadership in High Energy Physics ( No. EMD-80-58). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weissflug, K.G. (2009) Effects of Positive Behavior Support Programs on Student Behaviors (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. & Palmer, E. (2015) Suspect in Pregnant Woman’s Death Left Cryptic Trail. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maugeri, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Maugeri, 2004; Mello & Conte, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mello & Conte, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Stankovich et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTransactions of Mathematics and its Applications
AbbreviationTrans. Math. Its Appl.
ISSN (online)2398-4945

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