How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Health Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Health Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.E. Gizis, Astronomy. Brown dwarfs, Science. 294 (2001) 801–802.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Salichos, A. Rokas, Inferring ancient divergences requires genes with strong phylogenetic signals, Nature. 497 (2013) 327–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.D. Cusick, Y. Kim, B.E. Logan, Energy capture from thermolytic solutions in microbial reverse-electrodialysis cells, Science. 335 (2012) 1474–1477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Wang, C. Fan, S.E. Topol, E.J. Topol, Q. Wang, Mutation of MEF2A in an inherited disorder with features of coronary artery disease, Science. 302 (2003) 1578–1581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Jenkinson, T. Hyde, S. Ahmad, Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom, 2008.
An edited book
K.S. Guimarães, A. Panchenko, T.M. Przytycka, eds., Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: 4th Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2009, Porto Alegre, Brazil, July 29-31, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Chapsos, Is Maritime Security a Traditional Security Challenge?, in: A.J. Masys (Ed.), Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Health Sciences.

Blog post
J. Davis, Portugal Powered For Four Days Straight Entirely By Renewable Energy, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Meal Counting and Claiming by Food Service Management Companies in the School Meal Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Marcus, Voices of survival: Opera in Theresienstadt, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Feeling Free of All Ties, New York Times. (2010) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Health Sciences
ISSN (print)1878-5263

Other styles