How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Health Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Health Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Bar-Ziv, Materials science. DNA circuits get up to speed, Science. 318 (2007) 1078–1079.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.A. McMurray, D.E. Gottschling, An age-induced switch to a hyper-recombinational state, Science. 301 (2003) 1908–1911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Sekiguchi, K. Arai, S. Kohshima, Sleep behaviour: sleep in continuously active dolphins, Nature. 441 (2006) E9-10; discussion E11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Soberón, L. Pardo-López, I. López, I. Gómez, B.E. Tabashnik, A. Bravo, Engineering modified Bt toxins to counter insect resistance, Science. 318 (2007) 1640–1642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Tang, The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
T. Kawai, N. Cumberlidge, eds., A Global Overview of the Conservation of Freshwater Decapod Crustaceans, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
U. Kües, M. Navarro-González, Communication of Fungi on Individual, Species, Kingdom, and Above Kingdom Levels, in: T. Anke, D. Weber (Eds.), Physiology and Genetics: Selected Basic and Applied Aspects, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Health Sciences.

Blog post
S. Luntz, How Microbes Make Methane, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.P. Frederique, The effectiveness of school based intensive probation for reducing recidivism: An evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools program, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Prospero, Confined Yet Commanding, New York Times. (2017) C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Health Sciences
ISSN (print)1878-5263

Other styles