How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Health Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Health Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, And sets up a body to oversee trials, Nature. 405 (2000) 607.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Titus, X. Bosch, Tie funding to research integrity, Nature. 466 (2010) 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
O.R. Wearn, D.C. Reuman, R.M. Ewers, Response to comment on “Extinction debt and windows of conservation opportunity in the Brazilian Amazon,” Science. 339 (2013) 271.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Yamaguchi, M. Suzuki, T. Motoyama, S. Sugii, C. Katagiri, K. Takahira, S. Ikeda, H. Yamada, K.-I. Nakayama, Photoprecursor approach as an effective means for preparing multilayer organic semiconducting thin films by solution processes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Bosq, D. Blanke, Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2007.
An edited book
S. Hazareesingh, H. Maat, eds., Local Subversions of Colonial Cultures: Commodities and Anti-Commodities in Global History, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Cheng, Nuclear Power Development and Severe Accident Research in China, in: T. Saito, J. Yamashita, Y. Oka, Y. Ishiwatari (Eds.), Advances in Light Water Reactor Technologies, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 143–176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Health Sciences.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Anemone Eats A Seabird, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Issues in Providing Cable and Satellite Television Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.M. Rodriguez, Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Pilon, Olympic Dream Vacations, Minus Tickets, New York Times. (2012) B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Health Sciences
ISSN (print)1878-5263

Other styles