How to format your references using the Aquacultural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquacultural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henzinger, M., 2007. Search technologies for the internet. Science 317, 468–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni, S., Nemergut, D., 2014. Ecology. Microbes ride the current. Science 345, 1246–1247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marimuthu, A., Zhang, J., Linic, S., 2013. Tuning selectivity in propylene epoxidation by plasmon mediated photo-switching of Cu oxidation state. Science 339, 1590–1593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tucci, S., Vohr, S.H., McCoy, R.C., Vernot, B., Robinson, M.R., Barbieri, C., Nelson, B.J., Fu, W., Purnomo, G.A., Sudoyo, H., Eichler, E.E., Barbujani, G., Visscher, P.M., Akey, J.M., Green, R.E., 2018. Evolutionary history and adaptation of a human pygmy population of Flores Island, Indonesia. Science 361, 511–516.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ribéreau-Gayon, P., Dubourdieu, D., Donèche, B., Lonvaud, A., 2006. Handbook of Enology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Proctor, C., Linley, P.A. (Eds.), 2013. Research, Applications, and Interventions for Children and Adolescents: A Positive Psychology Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dong, J., Chang, H.-D., Radbruch, A., 2016. Epigenetic Imprinting of Immunological Memory, in: Doerfler, W., Böhm, P. (Eds.), Epigenetics - A Different Way of Looking at Genetics, Epigenetics and Human Health. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquacultural Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Scientists Have Simulated Time Travel With Photons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Version) (No. GAO-06-949). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turney, J.J., 2014. Police supervisory attributes that influence attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management programs (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., Walsh, M.W., 2011. Risks Seen In Perry Plan For Switch To Pensions. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henzinger, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Giovannoni and Nemergut, 2014; Henzinger, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giovannoni and Nemergut, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tucci et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquacultural Engineering
AbbreviationAquacult. Eng.
ISSN (print)0144-8609
ScopeAquatic Science

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