How to format your references using the Aquacultural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquacultural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson, C.M., 2005. Archaeology. Glassmaking in Bronze-Age Egypt. Science 308, 1750–1752.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lynch, M., Conery, J.S., 2003. The origins of genome complexity. Science 302, 1401–1404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Forde, S.E., Thompson, J.N., Bohannan, B.J.M., 2004. Adaptation varies through space and time in a coevolving host-parasitoid interaction. Nature 431, 841–844.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Berset, T., Hoier, E.F., Battu, G., Canevascini, S., Hajnal, A., 2001. Notch inhibition of RAS signaling through MAP kinase phosphatase LIP-1 during C. elegans vulval development. Science 291, 1055–1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewin, M.D., 2007. Better Software Project Management: A Primer for Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rao, U.H., 2014. The InfoSec Handbook: An Introduction to Information Security. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaudhary, M., Kumar, A., 2015. DOM Manipulation with jQuery, in: Kumar, A. (Ed.), Practical JQuery. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquacultural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Happy World Turtle Day! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities and Full System Transformation (No. GAO-09-481T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quintero, M.C., 2017. Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Free-Speech Case Divides Bush and Religious Right. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jackson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Jackson, 2005; Lynch and Conery, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lynch and Conery, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Berset et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquacultural Engineering
AbbreviationAquacult. Eng.
ISSN (print)0144-8609
ScopeAquatic Science

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