How to format your references using the Aquacultural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquacultural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Horton, B., 2000. Georgia realizes the commercial potential of science. Nature 404, 794.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, L., Simpson, S., 2008. Drug resistance. Deadly defiance. Introduction to special issue. Science 321, 355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahrestani, F.S., Hebblewhite, M., Post, E., 2013. The importance of observation versus process error in analyses of global ungulate populations. Sci. Rep. 3, 3125.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bromberg, K.D., Ma’ayan, A., Neves, S.R., Iyengar, R., 2008. Design logic of a cannabinoid receptor signaling network that triggers neurite outgrowth. Science 320, 903–909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kill, R., 2012. The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Tscheligi, M., Obrist, M., Lugmayr, A. (Eds.), 2008. Changing Television Environments: 6th European Conference, EUROITV 2008, Salzburg, Austria, July 3-4, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Satchell, S.E., Hwang, S., 2016. Tracking Error: Ex Ante Versus Ex Post Measures, in: Satchell, S. (Ed.), Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 54–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquacultural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Spiders Spin Electrically Charged Threads [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Need for More Effective Controls Over Computerized Payroll-Processing Operations (No. FGMSD-76-3). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, V.A., 2017. La Lucha Sigue: Undocumented Students Challenging Anti-Immigrant Discourses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices, 5 to 4, Overturn 3 Texas Death Sentences. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Horton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Horton, 2000; Roberts and Simpson, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Simpson, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bromberg et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquacultural Engineering
AbbreviationAquacult. Eng.
ISSN (print)0144-8609
ScopeAquatic Science

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