How to format your references using the Aquacultural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquacultural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J., 2015. The cannabis crop. Nature 525, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burns, J.A., Cuzzi, J.N., 2006. Planetary science. Our local astrophysical laboratory. Science 312, 1753–1755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, M., Dong, W., Wang, A., 2013. Two-dimensional carbon topological insulators superior to graphene. Sci. Rep. 3, 3532.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yao, Y., Huang, Z., Xie, P., Lacey, S.D., Jacob, R.J., Xie, H., Chen, F., Nie, A., Pu, T., Rehwoldt, M., Yu, D., Zachariah, M.R., Wang, C., Shahbazian-Yassar, R., Li, J., Hu, L., 2018. Carbothermal shock synthesis of high-entropy-alloy nanoparticles. Science 359, 1489–1494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett, J.E., Johnson, W.B., 2015. Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA.
An edited book
Aleskerov, F., 2007. Utility Maximization, Choice and Preference, Second Edition. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mozolová, D., Rovenský, J., Sipeki, T., 2014. From “Sine Syndrome” to Sjögren’s Syndrome, in: Rovenský, J., Herold, M., Vašáková, M. (Eds.), Sine Syndromes in Rheumatology. Springer, Vienna, pp. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquacultural Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Why Do Parents Live Longer Than Childless People? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Joint Strike Fighter: Management of the Technology Transfer Process (No. GAO-06-364). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorvey, Z.J., 2013. Addressing disruptive behaviors in an After School Program classroom: The effects of the Daily Behavior Report Card (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. The Roberts Court Takes On Abortion. New York Times WK14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burns and Cuzzi, 2006; Gould, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burns and Cuzzi, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Yao et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquacultural Engineering
AbbreviationAquacult. Eng.
ISSN (print)0144-8609
ScopeAquatic Science

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