How to format your references using the International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hashmi ASK (2012) Chemistry. Sub-nanosized gold catalysts. Science 338:1434
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
MacMillan T, Benton TG (2014) Agriculture: Engage farmers in research. Nature 509:25–27
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wood RA, Grotzinger JP, Dickson JAD (2002) Proterozoic modular biomineralized metazoan from the Nama Group, Namibia. Science 296:2383–2386
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Frydman HM, Li JM, Robson DN, Wieschaus E (2006) Somatic stem cell niche tropism in Wolbachia. Nature 441:509–512

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vogel W, Kalb H (2010) Large-Scale Solar Thermal Power. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Saliot A (2005) The Mediterranean Sea. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wenige L, Ruhland J (2016) Flexible On-the-Fly Recommendations from Linked Open Data Repositories. In: Abramowicz W, Alt R, Franczyk B (eds) Business Information Systems: 19th International Conference, BIS 2016, Leipzig, Germany, July, 6-8, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2017) Scientists Transplant Rat Testis To The Neck Of Another Rat. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2011) Fiscal Year 2011 Agreed-Upon Procedures for Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Joseph OW (2009) A study of the effectiveness of mentor roles in a rural school district. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B (2016) Diverting, but No Need to Stop the Presses. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics
ISSN (print)1868-8071
ISSN (online)1868-808X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Software

Other styles