How to format your references using the International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Check E (2002) Pathogen-tracking questioned. Nature 420:451
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Perutz MF, Windle AH (2001) Cause of neural death in neurodegenerative diseases attributable to expansion of glutamine repeats. Nature 412:143–144
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pobbati AV, Stein A, Fasshauer D (2006) N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion. Science 313:673–676
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Degroote P, Aerts C, Baglin A, et al (2010) Deviations from a uniform period spacing of gravity modes in a massive star. Nature 464:259–261

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hadjsaïd N, Sabonnadière J-C (2013) Power Systems and Restructuring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Kwiecień A, Gaj P, Stera P (2011) Computer Networks: 18th Conference, CN 2011, Ustron, Poland, June 14-18, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Aparicio G, Ruiz-Roqueñi M, Catalán E (2015) A Model for Implementing Non-specific Competencies (NSCs) in Degree Studies, Defined Using a Delphi Study in Spanish Universities. In: Peris-Ortiz M, Merigó Lindahl JM (eds) Sustainable Learning in Higher Education: Developing Competencies for the Global Marketplace. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) This Video From Space Shows Two People Walking Round A Corner In North Korea. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) Airport Financing: Compliance With Federal Grant Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Laffitte L (2012) A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L (2017) Phone Surveillance, Falsehoods and Anonymous Sources. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics
ISSN (print)1868-8071
ISSN (online)1868-808X
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Software

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