How to format your references using the Training and Education in Professional Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Training and Education in Professional Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D. (2001). Plans for GM livestock fail the poor. Nature, 411(6836), 403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Austin, A. T., & Vivanco, L. (2006). Plant litter decomposition in a semi-arid ecosystem controlled by photodegradation. Nature, 442(7102), 555–558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong, M., Kirkeminde, A., & Ren, S. (2013). Symmetry-defying iron pyrite (FeS₂) nanocrystals through oriented attachment. Scientific Reports, 3, 2092.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rambaut, A., Robertson, D. L., Pybus, O. G., Peeters, M., & Holmes, E. C. (2001). Human immunodeficiency virus. Phylogeny and the origin of HIV-1. Nature, 410(6832), 1047–1048.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C. L. (2010). Advanced Process Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Forte, M., & Campana, S. (Eds.). (2016). Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology: Archaeology in the Age of Sensing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Frohlich, K. M., Sarachan, K. L., Todd, G. C., Basanta-Sanchez, M., Väre, V. Y. P., & Agris, P. F. (2016). Post-Transcriptional Modifications of RNA: Impact on RNA Function and Human Health. In S. Jurga, V. A. Erdmann (Deceased), & J. Barciszewski (Eds.), Modified Nucleic Acids in Biology and Medicine (pp. 91–130). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Training and Education in Professional Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 29). Ichthyosaur Graveyard Found Under Glacier In Chile. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). National Airspace System: Reauthorizing FAA Provides Opportunities and Options to Address Challenges (No. GAO-03-473T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skiold-Hanlin, S. (2015). Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., & Craig, S. (2013, February 9). Safety Concerns Stoke Criticism of Kennel Club. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2001; Austin & Vivanco, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Austin & Vivanco, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Gong, Kirkeminde, & Ren, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rambaut, Robertson, Pybus, Peeters, & Holmes, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraining and Education in Professional Psychology
AbbreviationTrain. Educ. Prof. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1931-3918
ISSN (online)1931-3926
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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