How to format your references using the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, D. (2001). Weaving a social web. Nature 414, 587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dominy, N. J., and Lucas, P. W. (2001). Ecological importance of trichromatic vision to primates. Nature 410, 363–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillin, A., Crawford, D. K., and Kenyon, C. (2002). Timing requirements for insulin/IGF-1 signaling in C. elegans. Science 298, 830–834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Unnithan, V. V., Unc, A., Joe, V., and Smith, G. B. (2014). Short RNA indicator sequences are not completely degraded by autoclaving. Sci. Rep. 4, 4070.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2012). Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Palesi, M., and Daneshtalab, M. eds. (2014). Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
McGee, R. W. (2009). “Disclosure&Transparency,” in Corporate Governance in Developing Economies: Country Studies of Africa, Asia and Latin America, ed. R. W. McGee (Boston, MA: Springer US), 43–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). NASA’s Asteroid-Sampling Spacecraft Has Now Been Fully Built Ahead Of Its 2016 Launch. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). State of the Airline Industry: Strategies for Addressing Financial and Competition Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jahan, M. (2015). A policy to protect hoarders: An analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Still Wild For Animal Prints. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson, 2001; Dominy and Lucas, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dominy and Lucas, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Unnithan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Hum. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5161
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles