How to format your references using the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delaney, P. (2000). Palaeoceanography. Nutrients in the glacial balance. Nature 405, 288–9, 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, K. J., and Birks, H. J. B. (2006). What is natural? The need for a long-term perspective in biodiversity conservation. Science 314, 1261–1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verschuren, D., Laird, K. R., and Cumming, B. F. (2000). Rainfall and drought in equatorial east Africa during the past 1,100 years. Nature 403, 410–414.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yeung, T., Terebiznik, M., Yu, L., Silvius, J., Abidi, W. M., Philips, M., et al. (2006). Receptor activation alters inner surface potential during phagocytosis. Science 313, 347–351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh, S., Zomaya, A. Y., Olariu, S., and Sanugi, B. (2005). Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Devonshire-Ellis, C., Jones, S. L., and Ku, E. eds. (2012). The Yangtze River Delta: Business Guide to the Shanghai Region. 5th ed. 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Treusch, A. W., Oldenburg, O., Butz, T., Fründ, A., Oepangat, E., van Buuren, F., et al. (2009). “A 32-Year-Old Female Soccer Player with Unexplained Syncope,” in Sports Cardiology Casebook, ed. A. Pelliccia (London: Springer), 23–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Short Bursts Of Exercise Just As Effective As Endurance Training, Claims Study. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Information Resource Management Problems in the Department of Commerce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre, J. C. (2008). Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). Judge Selection To Be Reviewed By U.S. Justices. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delaney, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delaney, 2000; Willis and Birks, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willis and Birks, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Yeung et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Hum. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5161
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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