How to format your references using the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Offerman, S. E. (2004). Materials science. Microstructures in 4D. Science 305, 190–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milinski, M., and Rockenbach, B. (2007). Economics. Spying on others evolves. Science 317, 464–465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, Y., Martini, J. E., and Ohmoto, H. (2000). Geochemical evidence for terrestrial ecosystems 2.6 billion years ago. Nature 408, 574–578.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Letzner, S., Patzke, N., Verhaal, J., and Manns, M. (2014). Shaping a lateralized brain: asymmetrical light experience modulates access to visual interhemispheric information in pigeons. Sci. Rep. 4, 4253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Idelberger, K. (2011). The World of Footbridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Laveault, D., and Allal, L. eds. (2016). Assessment for Learning: Meeting the Challenge of Implementation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Vehlow, A., Storch, K., Matzke, D., and Cordes, N. (2016). “Molecular Targeting of Integrins and Integrin-Associated Signaling Networks in Radiation Oncology,” in Molecular Radio-Oncology Recent Results in Cancer Research., eds. M. Baumann, M. Krause, and N. Cordes (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 89–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Used Cigarette Butts Could Be Used To Store Energy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Federal Student Loans: Education Could Do More to Help Ensure Borrowers Are Aware of Repayment and Forgiveness Options. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankas, J. K. (2014). CAFE—Community and Family Enrichment: Toward Community-Based Mental Health Support for Families.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1997). And Something for Your Dog as Well? New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Offerman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Offerman, 2004; Milinski and Rockenbach, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milinski and Rockenbach, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Letzner et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Hum. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5161
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles