How to format your references using the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Premack, D. (2004). Psychology. Is language the key to human intelligence? Science 303, 318–320.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pertsinidis, A., and Ling, X. S. (2001). Diffusion of point defects in two-dimensional colloidal crystals. Nature 413, 147–150.
A journal article with 3 authors
van de Waal, E., Borgeaud, C., and Whiten, A. (2013). Potent social learning and conformity shape a wild primate’s foraging decisions. Science 340, 483–485.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Peterson, B. J., Holmes, R. M., McClelland, J. W., Vörösmarty, C. J., Lammers, R. B., Shiklomanov, A. I., et al. (2002). Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science 298, 2171–2173.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zack, G. M. (2012). Financial Statement Fraud. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Daniels, J. M., and Dexter, W. W. eds. (2013). Basics of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sabe, M., and Heupler, F. (2013). “Cardiac Output,” in Cardiovascular Hemodynamics: An Introductory Guide, eds. S. Anwaruddin, J. M. Martin, J. C. Stephens, and A. T. Askari (Totowa, NJ: Humana Press), 65–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Hyperloop Could Be Coming To The UK. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Ways To Improve Management of Federally Funded Computerized Models. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, B. (2017). An Embedded Method for Near-Wellbore Streamline Simulation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robinson, L. (2011). By the Banks of the Tigris. New York Times, BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Premack, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Pertsinidis and Ling, 2001; Premack, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pertsinidis and Ling, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Peterson et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Hum. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5161
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles