How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Staunton, H.: Arousal by stimulation of deep-brain nuclei. Nature. 452, E1; discussion E1-2 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Handschin, C., Spiegelman, B.M.: The role of exercise and PGC1alpha in inflammation and chronic disease. Nature. 454, 463–469 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
McGuire, S.E., Le, P.T., Davis, R.L.: The role of Drosophila mushroom body signaling in olfactory memory. Science. 293, 1330–1333 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Noda, Y., Noro, S.-I., Akutagawa, T., Nakamura, T.: Gold nanoparticle assemblies stabilized by bis(phthalocyaninato)lanthanide(III) complexes through van der Waals interactions. Sci. Rep. 4, 3758 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W.: GAAP for Governments 2014. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey (2014)
An edited book
Hayat, M.A. ed: Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 5: Therapeutic Applications in Disease and Injury. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, M., Hu, Z.: Results and Discussion. In: Hu, Z. (ed.) Nonlinear Analysis and Prediction of Time Series in Multiphase Reactors. pp. 19–41. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Head Start: Research Insufficient to Assess Program Impact. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wei, C.-S.: Towards Brain Decoding for Real-World Drowsiness Detection, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J.: Online platforms annexed much of our public sphere, playacting as little democracies — until extremists made them reveal their true nature, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics
AbbreviationInt. J. Appl. Comput. Math.
ISSN (print)2349-5103
ISSN (online)2199-5796

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