How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ghigo, J.M.: Natural conjugative plasmids induce bacterial biofilm development. Nature. 412, 442–445 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, B.P., Tikoo, S.M.: The lunar dynamo. Science. 346, 1246753 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, J.S., Du, M., Zajac, A.J.: A vital role for interleukin-21 in the control of a chronic viral infection. Science. 324, 1572–1576 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raffaele, S., Farrer, R.A., Cano, L.M., Studholme, D.J., MacLean, D., Thines, M., Jiang, R.H.Y., Zody, M.C., Kunjeti, S.G., Donofrio, N.M., Meyers, B.C., Nusbaum, C., Kamoun, S.: Genome evolution following host jumps in the Irish potato famine pathogen lineage. Science. 330, 1540–1543 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korn, G.A.: Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Guo, S., Guo, Y. eds: Spotlight on China: Changes in Education under China’s Market Economy. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Burney, T., Lock, P.: Measuring Game-Play Performance and Perceived Immersion in a Domed Planetarium Projection Environment. In: Ma, L., Rauterberg, M., and Nakatsu, R. (eds.) Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2007: 6th International Conference, Shanghai, China, September 15-17, 2007. Proceedings. pp. 22–27. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: This Technique Could Allow Us To Harvest Water From Asteroids,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Problems Associated With Developing Large, Complex Data Processing Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, A.: The mark of gender: Depicting power and the female body in colonial Peru, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy, S.: New Footprints, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics
AbbreviationInt. J. Appl. Comput. Math.
ISSN (print)2349-5103
ISSN (online)2199-5796

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