How to format your references using the International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mollenauer, L.F.: Physics. Nonlinear optics in fibers. Science. 302, 996–997 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, Y., Suzuki, Y.: Audiovisual perception: Implicit estimation of sound-arrival time. Nature. 421, 911 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, J.P., Anderson, R.F., Lehman, S.J.: Glacial surface temperatures of the southeast Atlantic Ocean. Science. 293, 2077–2079 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vogelbein, W.K., Lovko, V.J., Shields, J.D., Reece, K.S., Mason, P.L., Haas, L.W., Walker, C.C.: Pfiesteria shumwayae kills fish by micropredation not exotoxin secretion. Nature. 418, 967–970 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
“MAX” Maxfield, C., Brown, A.: The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Mehler, A., Sharoff, S., Santini, M. eds: Genres on the Web: Computational Models and Empirical Studies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Z., Yu, X., Zhang, H.: Commodity Recommendation Algorithm Based on Social Network. In: Jeong, H.Y., S. Obaidat, M., Yen, N.Y., and Park, J.J. (jong H. (eds.) Advances in Computer Science and its Applications: CSA 2013. pp. 27–33. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Science Of ‘Hangry’, Or Why Some People Get Grumpy When They’re Hungry,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tax Systems Modernization: Actions Underway But Management and Technical Weaknesses Not Yet Corrected. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Isaacson, M.J.: The paradox of respect and risk: Six Lakota adolescents speak, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Southall, A.: Brownsville Residents Seek Answers After a Mentally Ill Ex-Convict Is Fatally Shot, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Applied and Computational Mathematics
AbbreviationInt. J. Appl. Comput. Math.
ISSN (print)2349-5103
ISSN (online)2199-5796

Other styles