How to format your references using the Journal of Paleolimnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleolimnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conard NJ (2009) A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany. Nature 459:248–252
A journal article with 2 authors
Schrag DP, Alley RB (2004) Physics. Ancient lessons for our future climate. Science 306:821–822
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu T, Hashmi A, Hong J (2014) Transparent half metallic g-C4N3 nanotubes: potential multifunctional applications for spintronics and optical devices. Sci Rep 4:6059
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Metallo CM, Gameiro PA, Bell EL, et al (2011) Reductive glutamine metabolism by IDH1 mediates lipogenesis under hypoxia. Nature 481:380–384

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser L (2005) Unified Optical Scanning Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jackson DR (2007) High-Frequency Seafloor Acoustics. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kamat RK, Shinde SA, Shelake VG (2009) Arithmetic Core Design and Design Reuse of Soft IP Cores. In: Shinde SA, Shelake VG (eds) Unleash the System On Chip using FPGAs and Handel C. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 81–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleolimnology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) What The Heck Is This Huge Lump On The Moon? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alimo CJ (2010) From dialogue to action: The development of White racial allies. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Another Summer, Same Dark Stage. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conard 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Schrag and Alley 2004; Conard 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schrag and Alley 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Metallo et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleolimnology
AbbreviationJ. Paleolimnol.
ISSN (print)0921-2728
ISSN (online)1573-0417
ScopeAquatic Science
Earth-Surface Processes

Other styles