How to format your references using the Journal of Paleolimnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleolimnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blanchard JL (2015) Climate change: A rewired food web. Nature 527:173–174
A journal article with 2 authors
Bennett CH, Shor PW (2004) Computers and mathematics. Quantum channel capacities. Science 303:1784–1787
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA (2001) Global efforts in structural genomics. Science 294:89–92
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Morel CM, Touré YT, Dobrokhotov B, Oduola AMJ (2002) The mosquito genome--a breakthrough for public health. Science 298:79

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stokes DJ (2008) Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure/Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Shute VJ, Becker BJ (eds) (2010) Innovative Assessment for the 21st Century: Supporting Educational Needs. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Bamunuarachchige TC, Wickramasinghe HAM, Dissanayaka DMJC, Wickramarathna NAD (2011) Genetic Engineering of Probiotic Microorganisms. In: Liong M-T (ed) Probiotics: Biology, Genetics and Health Aspects. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 109–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleolimnology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) These Maps Reveal How Vulnerable Your State Is To Earthquakes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness of USDA High-Impact Programs Improving, But More Action Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sparks GA (2008) Charismatic leadership: An exploratory investigation of the techniques of influence. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
This story was reported by C.J. Chivers, Arvedlund EE, Kishkovsky S, Chivers W by M (2004) Editor’s Death Raises Questions About Change in Russia. New York Times 13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blanchard 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bennett and Shor 2004; Blanchard 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bennett and Shor 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Morel et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleolimnology
AbbreviationJ. Paleolimnol.
ISSN (print)0921-2728
ISSN (online)1573-0417
ScopeAquatic Science
Earth-Surface Processes

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