How to format your references using the Journal of Paleolimnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleolimnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinge JD (2000) Murphy’s cat. Nature 408:649
A journal article with 2 authors
Baxter I, Dilkes BP (2012) Elemental profiles reflect plant adaptations to the environment. Science 336:1661–1663
A journal article with 3 authors
Rauzi M, Lenne P-F, Lecuit T (2010) Planar polarized actomyosin contractile flows control epithelial junction remodelling. Nature 468:1110–1114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yu J-K, Satou Y, Holland ND, et al (2007) Axial patterning in cephalochordates and the evolution of the organizer. Nature 445:613–617

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waller FJ (2011) Writing Chemistry Patents and Intellectual Property. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Oswald Spring Ú (ed) (2011) Water Resources in Mexico: Scarcity, Degradation, Stress, Conflicts, Management, and Policy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Balawi S, Khalaf K, Hitt GW (2016) Leveraging Pedagogical Innovations for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education in the Middle East Context. In: Abdulwahed M, Hasna MO, Froyd JE (eds) Advances in Engineering Education in the Middle East and North Africa: Current Status, and Future Insights. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleolimnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists are Working on Developing a Star-Trek Style Replicator. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/scientists-are-working-developing-star-trek-style-replicator/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) The Challenge of Career Adaptation and Renewal. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aiken J (2009) Virtually a leader: Mitigating process losses through shared team states. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haskell DG (2013) Nature’s Case for Same-Sex Marriage. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vinge 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Vinge 2000; Baxter and Dilkes 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baxter and Dilkes 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleolimnology
AbbreviationJ. Paleolimnol.
ISSN (print)0921-2728
ISSN (online)1573-0417
ScopeAquatic Science
Earth-Surface Processes

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