How to format your references using the Journal of Paleolimnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paleolimnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta N (2011) Applied physics. Antenna-guided light. Science 334:317–318
A journal article with 2 authors
He W, Ren T (2013) Basilar membrane vibration is not involved in the reverse propagation of otoacoustic emissions. Sci Rep 3:1874
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhlen M, Madau P, Silk J (2009) Exploring dark matter with Milky Way substructure. Science 325:970–973
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Murakami S, Nakashima R, Yamashita E, et al (2006) Crystal structures of a multidrug transporter reveal a functionally rotating mechanism. Nature 443:173–179

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neward T, Erickson AC, Crowell T, Minerich R (2010) Professional F# 2.0. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Redouté J-M (2010) EMC of Analog Integrated Circuits. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Strickland P, Williams KM, Laing J, Frost W (2016) The Use of Social Media in the Wine Event Industry: A Case Study of the High Country Harvest in Australia. In: Szolnoki G, Thach L, Kolb D (eds) Successful Social Media and Ecommerce Strategies in the Wine Industry. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 74–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paleolimnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Giant Extinct Volcano Discovered In Pacific Ocean. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Space Communications: Better Understanding of Scheduling System Limitations Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary M (2017) Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SOPHIA OKUN TRACY; Sophia Okun Tracy lives in New Rochelle (1987) TATTERED REMINDERS OF WORDS TO INSPIRE A CHILD. New York Times 11WC28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Engheta 2011; He and Ren 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He and Ren 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Murakami et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paleolimnology
AbbreviationJ. Paleolimnol.
ISSN (print)0921-2728
ISSN (online)1573-0417
ScopeAquatic Science
Earth-Surface Processes

Other styles