How to format your references using the Traffic Injury Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traffic Injury Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N. UK advised to step up asteroid hunt. Nature. 2000;407(6802):275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roweis ST, Saul LK. Nonlinear dimensionality reduction by locally linear embedding. Science. 2000;290(5500):2323–2326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stairs IH, Lyne AG, Shemar SL. Evidence for free precession in a pulsar. Nature. 2000;406(6795):484–486.
A journal article with 19 or more authors
Liu Y, Jessop PG, Cunningham M, Eckert CA, Liotta CL. Switchable surfactants. Science. 2006;313(5789):958–960.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Han CC, Akcasu AZ. Scattering and Dynamics of Polymers. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Bestak R, Kencl L, Li LE, Widmer J, Yin H eds. NETWORKING 2012: 11th International IFIP TC 6 Networking Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, May 21-25, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Karasalo I, Skogqvist P. Acoustic models for scattering. In: Caiti A, ed. Buried Waste in the Seabed—Acoustic Imaging and Bio-toxicity: Results from the European SITAR Project. Springer Praxis Books. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traffic Injury Prevention.

Blog post
Fang J. Methane-Based Life Forms Could Exist On Titan. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/template-methane-based-life-forms-titan/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. TANF and Child Welfare Programs: Increased Data Sharing Could Improve Access to Benefits and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Acosta J. Building bridges: A specialized training program for professionals in school settings to address bullying in LGBTQ youth: A grant proposal. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner J. Collins Dwells Only on the Job, Not on Job Security. New York Times. August 22, 2016:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Roweis and Saul 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roweis and Saul 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraffic Injury Prevention
AbbreviationTraffic Inj. Prev.
ISSN (print)1538-9588
ISSN (online)1538-957X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles