How to format your references using the Traffic Injury Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traffic Injury Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwefel HGL. Optics. In optical pumping, less can be more. Science. 2014;346(6207):304–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlsson F, Brown EJ. Cell biology. The art of making an exit. Science. 2009;323(5922):1678–1679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohl FW, Scheich H, Freeman WJ. Change in pattern of ongoing cortical activity with auditory category learning. Nature. 2001;412(6848):733–736.
A journal article with 19 or more authors
Smith DL, Dushoff J, Snow RW, Hay SI. The entomological inoculation rate and Plasmodium falciparum infection in African children. Nature. 2005;438(7067):492–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mead JM, Gruneberg S. Programme Procurement in Construction. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Zeng D ed. Applied Informatics and Communication: International Conference, ICAIC 2011,Xi’an, China, August 20-21, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Assali AA, Lenne D, Debray B. Heterogeneity in Ontological CBR Systems. In: Montani S, Jain LC, eds. Successful Case-based Reasoning Applications - I. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:97–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traffic Injury Prevention.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Cosmic Growing Pains Are Making This Young Star Get Bigger In Bursts. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Process Reengineering Assessment Guide--Version 3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzaga Reed RR. The Impact of a Community-Based College Access Program at a Midwestern Institution. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: A Photo Opportunity; Serendipity or Not, Truck Full of Spuds Becomes a Star. New York Times. July 23, 1992:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwefel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Carlsson and Brown 2009; Schwefel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlsson and Brown 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraffic Injury Prevention
AbbreviationTraffic Inj. Prev.
ISSN (print)1538-9588
ISSN (online)1538-957X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles