How to format your references using the Traffic Injury Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Traffic Injury Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens B. Batteries. Nature. 2015;526(7575):S89.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conner SD, Schmid SL. Regulated portals of entry into the cell. Nature. 2003;422(6927):37–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu Y-TN, Yuan X, Velicer GJ. Adaptive evolution of an sRNA that controls Myxococcus development. Science. 2010;328(5981):993.
A journal article with 19 or more authors
Vastenhouw NL, Brunschwig K, Okihara KL, Müller F, Tijsterman M, Plasterk RHA. Gene expression: long-term gene silencing by RNAi. Nature. 2006;442(7105):882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fan J. Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Harisinghani MG. Genitourinary Imaging: A Case Based Approach. (Rajesh A, ed.). London: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Sehgal D, Raina SN. Carthamus. In: Kole C, ed. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Oilseeds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:63–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Traffic Injury Prevention.

Blog post
Andrew E. Twisted Light Beams Are Coming – And They Will Boost Your Internet Speed. IFLScience. 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/twisted-light-beams-are-coming-and-they-will-boost-your-internet-speed/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Why NASA’s Property Accounting and Control System Should Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baruth LE. Joan Tower and the clarinet: An examination of her compositional style and a performer’s guide to “RAIN WAVES” (1997) and “A GIFT” (2007). 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alvarez L. Pandemonium Followed Rumor of Second Airport Attacker. New York Times. January 9, 2017:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Owens 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Conner and Schmid 2003; Owens 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conner and Schmid 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vastenhouw et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTraffic Injury Prevention
AbbreviationTraffic Inj. Prev.
ISSN (print)1538-9588
ISSN (online)1538-957X
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Safety Research

Other styles