How to format your references using the Kindheit und Entwicklung citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kindheit und Entwicklung. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stainier, D. Y. R. (2005). No organ left behind: tales of gut development and evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5717), 1902–1904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loog, M. & Morgan, D. O. (2005). Cyclin specificity in the phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase substrates. Nature, 434(7029), 104–108.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Q., Liu, X. & Tang, D. (2013). Extreme extensibility of copper foil under compound forming conditions. Scientific reports, 3, 3556.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hiyoshi, H., Goto, N., Tsuchiya, M., Iida, K., Nakajima, Y., Hirata, N., … Yanagisawa, J. (2014). 2-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-benzothiazole suppresses tumor progression and metastatic potential of breast cancer cells by inducing ubiquitin ligase CHIP. Scientific reports, 4, 7095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka, H. J. (2010). Transitions in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ahmed, R. (2014). Collaborative Web Hosting: Challenges and Research Directions. (R. Boutaba, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Janks, D. L. & Roth, B. J. (2009). The Bidomain Theory of Pacing. In I. R. Efimov, M. W. Kroll & P. J. Tchou (Eds.), Cardiac Bioelectric Therapy: Mechanisms and Practical Implications (pp. 63–83). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kindheit und Entwicklung.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 15). We Need More Than Just New Antibiotics To Fight Superbugs. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). NASA Procurement: Challenges Remain in Implementing Improvement Reforms (No. NSIAD-94-179). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanulabe Din, M. O. (2017). Engineered Synchrony of Bacterial Lysis and its Applications (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Moschen, I. (2012, April 26). On Train Line’s Far Reaches, a Conductor Who Offers Full Service. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stainier, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Loog & Morgan, 2005; Stainier, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loog & Morgan, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Yu, Liu & Tang, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hiyoshi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleKindheit und Entwicklung
ISSN (print)0942-5403
ISSN (online)2190-6246
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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