How to format your references using the Kindheit und Entwicklung citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kindheit und Entwicklung. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCoy, S. W. (2015). GEOMORPHOLOGY. Landscapes in the lab. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanderson, W. C. & Scherbov, S. (2005). Average remaining lifetimes can increase as human populations age. Nature, 435(7043), 811–813.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nicastro, F., Mathur, S. & Elvis, M. (2008). Missing baryons and the warm-hot intergalactic medium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 55–57.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gill, R. A., Polley, H. W., Johnson, H. B., Anderson, L. J., Maherali, H. & Jackson, R. B. (2002). Nonlinear grassland responses to past and future atmospheric CO(2). Nature, 417(6886), 279–282.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick, T. M. (2004). Fatal Exit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kaski, J. C., Eslick, G. D. & Bairey Merz, C. N. (Eds.). (2013). Chest Pain with Normal Coronary Arteries: A Multidisciplinary Approach. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Garland, R. (2013). Bronchoscopy Unit Design for Advanced Procedures. In A. Ernst & F. J. F. Herth (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Interventional Pulmonology (pp. 37–47). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kindheit und Entwicklung.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 19). Human Brain Grown In A Lab Could Be Most Complete Yet. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Schools And Libraries Program: Actions Taken to Improve Operational Procedures Prior to Committing Funds (No. RCED-99-51). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim, R. H.-J. (2017). A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, July 14). American Withdraws After Positive Drug Test. New York Times, p. D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCoy, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (McCoy, 2015; Sanderson & Scherbov, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanderson & Scherbov, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Nicastro, Mathur & Elvis, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gill et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleKindheit und Entwicklung
ISSN (print)0942-5403
ISSN (online)2190-6246
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles