How to format your references using the Kindheit und Entwicklung citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kindheit und Entwicklung. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boer, Y. de. (2010). Copenhagen shows we need caution in Cancún. Nature, 468(7323), 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waters, M. R. & Stafford, T. W., Jr. (2007). Redefining the age of Clovis: implications for the peopling of the Americas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1122–1126.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blumenstock, J., Cadamuro, G. & On, R. (2015). Predicting poverty and wealth from mobile phone metadata. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6264), 1073–1076.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yuan, Y., Wang, X., Mei, B., Zhang, D., Tang, A., An, L., … Liang, G. (2013). Labeling thiols on proteins, living cells, and tissues with enhanced emission induced by FRET. Scientific reports, 3, 3523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Serval, J.-F. & Tranié, J.-P. (2014). The Monetary System. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Priami, C., Breitling, R., Gilbert, D., Heiner, M. & Uhrmacher, A. M. (Eds.). (2010). Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XII: Special Issue on Modeling Methodologies (Vol. 5945). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Toranzo, C. S., Errecalde, M. & Ferretti, E. (2014). On the Use of Agreement Technologies for Multi-criteria Decision Making within a BDI Agent. In A. L. C. Bazzan & K. Pichara (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence -- IBERAMIA 2014: 14th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Santiago de Chile, Chile, November 24-27, 2014, Proceedings (pp. 54–65). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kindheit und Entwicklung.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, March 3). Tooth Be Told: Millions Of Years Of Evolutionary History Mark Those Molars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility (No. GAO-15-158). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch, S. D. (2008). Distortion of low-frequency acoustic signals by interaction with the moving ocean surface (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, May 17). White House Is Fighting A Familiar Foe: The Press. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Boer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (de Boer, 2010; Waters & Stafford, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waters & Stafford, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Blumenstock, Cadamuro & On, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yuan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleKindheit und Entwicklung
ISSN (print)0942-5403
ISSN (online)2190-6246
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles