How to format your references using the Kindheit und Entwicklung citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kindheit und Entwicklung. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuffey, K. M. (2008). Climate change. A Matter of firn. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1596–1597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Northrup, A. B. & MacMillan, D. W. C. (2004). Two-step synthesis of carbohydrates by selective aldol reactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5691), 1752–1755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N. J., Hartley, I. R. & Parker, G. A. (2002). Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature, 416(6882), 733–736.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goyenvalle, A., Vulin, A., Fougerousse, F., Leturcq, F., Kaplan, J.-C., Garcia, L. & Danos, O. (2004). Rescue of dystrophic muscle through U7 snRNA-mediated exon skipping. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5702), 1796–1799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelby, A. M. & McKune, C. M. (2014). Small Animal Anesthesia Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Halpin, T., Krogstie, J., Nurcan, S., Proper, E., Schmidt, R., Soffer, P. & Ukor, R. (Eds.). (2009). Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 10th International Workshop, BPMDS 2009, and 14th International Conference, EMMSAD 2009, held at CAiSE 2009, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 8-9, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 29). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Guo, F., Mu, Y. & Chen, Z. (2008). Efficient Batch Verification of Short Signatures for a Single-Signer Setting without Random Oracles. In K. Matsuura & E. Fujisaki (Eds.), Advances in Information and Computer Security: Third International Workshop on Security, IWSEC 2008, Kagawa, Japan, November 25-27, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 49–63). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kindheit und Entwicklung.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 18). Revolutionary Silicon Chip Brings Us Closer To Light-Speed Computer Technology. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Alternative-Fueled Vehicles: Potential Impact of Exemptions From Transportation Control Measures (No. RCED-93-125). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoenecker, K. D. (2010). Determinants of life satisfaction: Generated and ranked by undergraduate college students (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, August 4). Diary Hints at Slaves’ Remains on a Lot in Brooklyn. New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuffey, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cuffey, 2008; Northrup & MacMillan, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Northrup & MacMillan, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Royle, Hartley & Parker, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Goyenvalle et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleKindheit und Entwicklung
ISSN (print)0942-5403
ISSN (online)2190-6246
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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