How to format your references using the Kindheit und Entwicklung citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kindheit und Entwicklung. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGrayne, S. B. (2002). Portraits of science. Damn the torpedoes. Full speed ahead! Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 851–852.
A journal article with 2 authors
Embley, T. M. & Williams, T. A. (2015). Evolution: Steps on the road to eukaryotes. Nature, 521(7551), 169–170.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tylianakis, J. M., Tscharntke, T. & Lewis, O. T. (2007). Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs. Nature, 445(7124), 202–205.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moore, H., Dvoráková, K., Jenkins, N. & Breed, W. (2002). Exceptional sperm cooperation in the wood mouse. Nature, 418(6894), 174–177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenberger, W. R. (2005). Risk-Adjusted Lending Conditions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cudré-Mauroux, P., Heflin, J., Sirin, E., Tudorache, T., Euzenat, J., Hauswirth, M., … Blomqvist, E. (Eds.). (2012). The Semantic Web – ISWC 2012: 11th International Semantic Web Conference, Boston, MA, USA, November 11-15, 2012, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 7650). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grobman, S. & Cerra, A. (2016). Second-Guessing the Obvious. In A. Cerra (Ed.), The Second Economy: The Race for Trust, Treasure and Time in the Cybersecurity War (pp. 77–93). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kindheit und Entwicklung.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 14). The Most Horrifying (And Awesome) Creepy-Crawlies In The World. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Highway Safety: Improved Monitoring and Oversight of Traffic Safety Data Program Are Needed (No. GAO-05-24). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenfield Pace, J. A. (2016). The influence of accountability and commitment on team performance of airline flight crews (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa, S. & Hubbard, B. (2017, March 11). Yemen Airstrike Kills at Least 16. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGrayne, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Embley & Williams, 2015; McGrayne, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Embley & Williams, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Tylianakis, Tscharntke & Lewis, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Moore, Dvoráková, Jenkins & Breed, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleKindheit und Entwicklung
ISSN (print)0942-5403
ISSN (online)2190-6246
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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