How to format your references using the Toxicology Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Toxicology Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goudsmit, J., 2014. Retrospective. Joep Lange (1954-2014). Science 345, 881.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moran, T.G., Davila, J.M., 2004. Three-dimensional polarimetric imaging of coronal mass ejections. Science 305, 66–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, F., Saslow, W.M., Pokrovsky, V.L., 2013. Phase diagram for magnon condensate in Yttrium Iron Garnet film. Sci. Rep. 3, 1372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
De Luca, A., Caraveo, P.A., Mereghetti, S., Tiengo, A., Bignami, G.F., 2006. A long-period, violently variable X-ray source in a young supernova remnant. Science 313, 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leung, M.-Y., Chan, I.Y.S., Cooper, C.L., 2014. Stress Management in the Construction Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cebollero, M., 2015. Pro T-SQL Programmer’s Guide, 4th Edition. ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Lewis, M., Souki, F., 2012. The Anesthetic Implications of Opioid Addiction, in: Bryson, E.O., Frost, E.A.M. (Eds.), Perioperative Addiction: Clinical Management of the Addicted Patient. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Toxicology Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Sticker-Sized Satellites Will Soon Get To Orbit [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Limited Information on Causes of Crashes and Other Data Problems (No. RCED-99-182). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills Campbell, D., 2017. Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Scouting Report. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goudsmit, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Goudsmit, 2014; Moran and Davila, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moran and Davila, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (De Luca et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleToxicology Letters
AbbreviationToxicol. Lett.
ISSN (print)0378-4274
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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