How to format your references using the Journal of Development Effectiveness citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Development Effectiveness. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic, P. 2001. “Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--Making New Cortical Maps.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5544): 1011–1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murray, A. W., and D. Marks. 2001. “Can Sequencing Shed Light on Cell Cycling?” Nature 409 (6822): 844–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalokairinou, Louiza, Heidi Carmen Howard, and Pascal Borry. 2014. “Science and Regulation. Changes on the Horizon for Consumer Genomics in the EU.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6207): 296–298.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lescroart, Fabienne, Xiaonan Wang, Xionghui Lin, Benjamin Swedlund, Souhir Gargouri, Adriana Sànchez-Dànes, Victoria Moignard, et al. 2018. “Defining the Earliest Step of Cardiovascular Lineage Segregation by Single-Cell RNA-Seq.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6380): 1177–1181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
First, Michael B., and Allan Tasman. 2006. Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Budd, Andy. 2009. CSS Mastery: Advanced Web Standards Solutions. Edited by Simon Collison and Cameron Moll. Second Edition. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Chackelson, Claudia, Ander Errasti, and Martín Tanco. 2012. “A World Class Order Picking Methodology: An Empirical Validation.” In Advances in Production Management Systems. Value Networks: Innovation, Technologies, and Management: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2011, Stavanger, Norway, September 26-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Jan Frick and Bjørge Timenes Laugen, 27–36. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Development Effectiveness.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Neonicotinoids Linked To Wild Bee And Butterfly Declines In Europe And US.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Maritime Industry: As U.S. Single-Hull Oil Vessels Are Eliminated, Few Double-Hull Vessels May Replace Them. RCED-00-80. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huynhle, Marvin. 2017. “High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Increases Resilience against Gram-Negative Bacterial Infection in Drosophila Larvae.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “At Stadium, But Far From Roar Of Crowd.” New York Times, October 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rakic 2001; Murray and Marks 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murray and Marks 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kalokairinou, Howard, and Borry 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lescroart et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Development Effectiveness
AbbreviationJ. Dev. Effect.
ISSN (print)1943-9342
ISSN (online)1943-9407
Geography, Planning and Development

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