How to format your references using the International Journal of Wildland Fire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Wildland Fire. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meystre P (2011) Physics. Cool vibrations. Science (New York, NY) 333, 832–833.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mogk A, Bukau B (2010) Cell biology. When the beginning marks the end. Science (New York, NY) 327, 966–967.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee YK, Lee H, Park JY (2014) Tandem-structured, hot electron based photovoltaic cell with double Schottky barriers. Scientific Reports 4, 4580.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miyamichi K, Amat F, Moussavi F, Wang C, Wickersham I, Wall NR, Taniguchi H, Tasic B, Huang ZJ, He Z, Callaway EM, Horowitz MA, Luo L (2011) Cortical representations of olfactory input by trans-synaptic tracing. Nature 472, 191–196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson PW, Prasher VP, Janicki MP (2008) ‘Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process.’ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK)
An edited book
Petrosino A, Maddalena L, Pala P (Eds) (2013) ‘New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings.’ (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Smith D, Friesen J (2011) Interacting with Device Hardware and Media. ‘Android Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach’. (Ed J Friesen) pp. 201–255. (Apress: Berkeley, CA)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Wildland Fire.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) The Insane Moment A Hippo Tried To Attack A Boat Tour. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Cost Recovery Practices Inconsistent With Government Policy. U.S. Government Printing Office, GGD-83-61. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey J (2017) Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Slotnik DE (2017) Kenny Sears, 83, Sharpshooting Forward for the Knicks. New York Times A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meystre 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mogk and Bukau 2010; Meystre 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mogk and Bukau 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Miyamichi et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
AbbreviationInt. J. Wildland Fire
ISSN (print)1049-8001
ISSN (online)1448-5516

Other styles