How to format your references using the International Journal of Wildland Fire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Wildland Fire. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell JF (2013) If a job is worth doing, it is worth doing twice. Nature 496, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petro JB, Relman DA (2003) Public health. Understanding threats to scientific openness. Science (New York, NY) 302, 1898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cardinale BJ, Palmer MA, Collins SL (2002) Species diversity enhances ecosystem functioning through interspecific facilitation. Nature 415, 426–429.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onuchic V, Lurie E, Carrero I, Pawliczek P, Patel RY, Rozowsky J, Galeev T, Huang Z, Altshuler RC, Zhang Z, Harris RA, Coarfa C, Ashmore L, Bertol JW, Fakhouri WD, Yu F, Kellis M, Gerstein M, Milosavljevic A (2018) Allele-specific epigenome maps reveal sequence-dependent stochastic switching at regulatory loci. Science (New York, NY) 361,.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Markley NG (2004) ‘Principles of Differential Equations.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Jiang X, Hornegger J, Koch R (Eds) (2014) ‘Pattern Recognition: 36th German Conference, GCPR 2014, Münster, Germany, September 2-5, 2014, Proceedings.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Perrin C, Blagden N (2016) Movements Towards Desistance via Peer-Support Roles in Prison. ‘The Voluntary Sector in Prisons: Encouraging Personal and Institutional Change’. (Eds LS Abrams, E Hughes, M Inderbitzin, R Meek) pp. 115–142. (Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Wildland Fire.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) 24-Year-Old Woman Born Without Cerebellum. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Space Station: Improving NASA’s Planning for External Maintenance. U.S. Government Printing Office, NSIAD-92-271. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bauer SL (2017) Work-Life Balanced Culture, Work Flexibility, and Inducements: Impact on Perceived Organizational Attractiveness and Job Pursuit Intention. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Bennhold K, Castle S (2017) Britain’s Rebuke Of Its Leadership Upends E.U. Exit. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Petro and Relman 2003; Russell 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petro and Relman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Onuchic et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
AbbreviationInt. J. Wildland Fire
ISSN (print)1049-8001
ISSN (online)1448-5516

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