How to format your references using the International Journal of Wildland Fire citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Wildland Fire. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Remer LA (2014) Atmospheric science. Just add aerosols. Science (New York, NY) 344, 1089.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roth A, Diederichs S (2015) Molecular biology: Rap and chirp about X inactivation. Nature 521, 170–171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho MK, McGee G, Magnus D (2006) Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal. Science (New York, NY) 311, 614–615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tan HL, Bink-Boelkens MT, Bezzina CR, Viswanathan PC, Beaufort-Krol GC, van Tintelen PJ, van den Berg MP, Wilde AA, Balser JR (2001) A sodium-channel mutation causes isolated cardiac conduction disease. Nature 409, 1043–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kasper S, Montgomery S (2013) ‘Treatment-resistant Depression.’ (John Wiley & Sons: Oxford)
An edited book
Rogato A, Zazzu V, Guarracino M (Eds) (2016) ‘Dynamics of Mathematical Models in Biology: Bringing Mathematics to Life.’ (Springer International Publishing: Cham)
A chapter in an edited book
Zmudzinski S, Steinebach M, Butt M (2012) Watermark Embedding Using Audio Fingerprinting. ‘Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security VIII: Special Issue on Pattern Recognition for IT Security’. (Eds YQ Shi, S Katzenbeisser) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 63–79. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Wildland Fire.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) New Funeral Service Dissolves Dead People And Dumps Remains Into Sewer. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Flexible Funding Continues to Play a Role in Supporting State and Local Transportation Priorities. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-13-19R. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan JA (2014) An in-home visitation program for Meals-on-Wheels recipients: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) A Love of Science Fiction Collides With a Classic. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Remer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Remer 2014; Roth and Diederichs 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roth and Diederichs 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tan et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
AbbreviationInt. J. Wildland Fire
ISSN (print)1049-8001
ISSN (online)1448-5516

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