How to format your references using the Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene, M. T. (2000). High achiever. Nature, 407(6807), 947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quinn, P. K., & Bates, T. S. (2011). The case against climate regulation via oceanic phytoplankton sulphur emissions. Nature, 480(7375), 51–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Childs, A. M., Gosset, D., & Webb, Z. (2013). Universal computation by multiparticle quantum walk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6121), 791–794.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, B., Zhou, Y. T., Chen, D., & Ma, X. L. (2013). Local decomposition induced by dislocation motions inside precipitates in an Al-alloy. Scientific Reports, 3, 1039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cavalla, D. (2015). Off-label prescribing - Justifying unapproved medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Workman, R. B., & Coleman, R. E. (Eds.). (2006). PET/CT: Essentials for Clinical Practice. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Foltin, P., Rohál, A., & Šikolová, M. (2013). Policing in the Czech Republic: Evolution and Trends. In G. Meško, C. B. Fields, B. Lobnikar, & A. Sotlar (Eds.), Handbook on Policing in Central and Eastern Europe (pp. 57–80). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 15). New Species Of Peacock Spider Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Highway Bridge Program: Clearer Goals and Performance Measures Needed for a More Focused and Sustainable Program (GAO-08-1043). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crawford, J. D. (2017). Teacher Job Satisfaction as Related to Student Performance on State-Mandated Testing [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2004, July 1). Dmitri Dudko, 82, Foe of Stalin Who Recanted and Praised Him. New York Times, C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greene, 2000; Quinn & Bates, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quinn & Bates, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Childs et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management
AbbreviationTour. Manag.
ISSN (print)0261-5177
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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