How to format your references using the Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneider, R. (2014). Climate science: Sea levels from ancient seashells. Nature, 508(7497), 465–466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dustin, M. L., & Colman, D. R. (2002). Neural and immunological synaptic relations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 785–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mansouri, F. A., Buckley, M. J., & Tanaka, K. (2007). Mnemonic function of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in conflict-induced behavioral adjustment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 987–990.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, H.-B., Rameau, J. D., Johnson, P. D., Valla, T., Tsvelik, A., & Gu, G. D. (2008). Emergence of preformed Cooper pairs from the doped Mott insulating state in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature, 456(7218), 77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belsey, C. (2011). A Future for Criticism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Gisler, P., Borella, S. S., & Wiedmer, C. (Eds.). (2012). Intersections of Law and Culture. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Tanrikulu, E. (2013). What Needs to Be Done for Successful E Assessment Implementations? In D. Passey, A. Breiter, & A. Visscher (Eds.), Next Generation of Information Technology in Educational Management: 10th IFIP WG 3.7 Conference, ITEM 2012, Bremen, Germany, August 5-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 55–66). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 27). 6 Months On From Global Bleaching And The Great Barrier Reef Remains In Terrible Danger. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Transportation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation and Surface Transportation Security Programs, but More Work Remains (No. GAO-08-487T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watts, K. S. (2008). The Effectiveness of a Social Story Intervention in Decreasing Disruptive Behavior in Autistic Children (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998, April 19). Publication Gives 2 Neighborhoods Unwanted Local Color. New York Times, p. 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schneider, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dustin & Colman, 2002; Schneider, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dustin & Colman, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Mansouri, Buckley, & Tanaka, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management
AbbreviationTour. Manag.
ISSN (print)0261-5177
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Other styles