How to format your references using the Tourism Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tourism Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K. (2014). Microbiome: the bacterial tightrope. Nature, 516(7529), S14-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nunes, F., & Norris, R. D. (2006). Abrupt reversal in ocean overturning during the Palaeocene/Eocene warm period. Nature, 439(7072), 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilmore, C. K., McCarthy, S. E., & Spelke, E. S. (2007). Symbolic arithmetic knowledge without instruction. Nature, 447(7144), 589–591.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fitzer, S. C., Phoenix, V. R., Cusack, M., & Kamenos, N. A. (2014). Ocean acidification impacts mussel control on biomineralisation. Scientific Reports, 4, 6218.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, M., Moskovic, D., Wong, M., Baig, S., Liu, Z., Lizzio, M., & Voicu, A. (2014). Fixed Income Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Foster, K. A. (Ed.). (2014). Molecular Aspects of Botulinum Neurotoxin (Vol. 4). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Glendell, G. (2010). Training Companion Birds. In I. J. H. Duncan & P. Hawkins (Eds.), The Welfare of Domestic Fowl and Other Captive Birds (pp. 103–113). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tourism Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 2). Ocean Plastic Mysteriously Disappears From Oceans. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services (HEHS-95-8). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Broussard, J. (2014). An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in the State of Georgia [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nechepurenko, I., & Hubbard, B. (2017, October 5). On Trip to Moscow, King Seeks Warmer Relations. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac, 2014; Nunes & Norris, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nunes & Norris, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Gilmore et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fitzer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTourism Management
AbbreviationTour. Manag.
ISSN (print)0261-5177
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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