How to format your references using the Case Reports in Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Smaglik P: Cash crisis in the corridor. Nature 2003;423:203.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Sandalow DB, Bowles IA: Climate change. Fundamentals of treaty-making on climate change. Science 2001;292:1839–1840.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Xin H, Liu Q, Li B: Non-contact fiber-optical trapping of motile bacteria: dynamics observation and energy estimation. Sci Rep 2014;4:6576.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Zhang JV, Ren P-G, Avsian-Kretchmer O, Luo C-W, Rauch R, Klein C, et al.: Obestatin, a peptide encoded by the ghrelin gene, opposes ghrelin’s effects on food intake. Science 2005;310:996–999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Bailly P: Materials and Structures under Shock and Impact. Hoboken, USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
1
Formaggia L, Quarteroni A, Veneziani A (eds): Cardiovascular Mathematics: Modeling and simulation of the circulatory system. Milano, Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Awange JL, Paláncz B: Polynomial Resultants; in Paláncz B (ed): Geospatial Algebraic Computations: Theory and Applications. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: The Five Most Poisonous Substances: From Polonium To Mercury. IFLScience 2014;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Inquiry About the Research Grant To Develop a Portable Computer To Record Traffic Information for Verifying the Accuracy of Charges for Telecommunications Service. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Davis M: Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Isaac M, Chira S: Potshot by Uber Director Prompts a Swift Backlash. New York Times 2017;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Gastroenterology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (online)1662-0631
ScopeGastroenterology

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