How to format your references using the Case Reports in Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Blobel G. Obituary: George Emil Palade (1912-2008). Nature. 2008 Nov;456(7218):52.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Margules CR, Pressey RL. Systematic conservation planning. Nature. 2000 May;405(6783):243–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
van den Heuvel MGL, de Graaff MP, Dekker C. Molecular sorting by electrical steering of microtubules in kinesin-coated channels. Science. 2006 May;312(5775):910–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Zimmermann M, Murina O, Reijns MAM, Agathanggelou A, Challis R, Tarnauskaitė Ž, et al. CRISPR screens identify genomic ribonucleotides as a source of PARP-trapping lesions. Nature. 2018 Jul;559(7713):285–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Remy J-G, Letamendia C. LTE Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1
Zaphiris P, Ioannou A, editors. Learning and Collaboration Technologies. Technology-Rich Environments for Learning and Collaboration: First International Conference, LCT 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Salbu B. NATO Support to Non-military, Civil Science for Peace and Security. In: Sneve MK, Kiselev MF, editors. Challenges in Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Nuclear Legacy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008; pp 19–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Greener But Not Cleaner? How Trees Can Worsen Urban Air Pollution [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Nov [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/greener-not-cleaner-how-trees-can-worsen-urban-air-pollution-0/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pease M. Progress towards the Synthesis of a Potent, Bioavailable and Selective Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase-1 Inactivator. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Jan;C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Gastroenterology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (online)1662-0631
ScopeGastroenterology

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