How to format your references using the Case Reports in Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Hejtmancik JF. Ophthalmology: Cataracts dissolved. Nature. 2015 Jul;523(7562):540–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Thursby J, Thursby M. Research and development. Where is the new science in corporate R&D? Science. 2006 Dec;314(5805):1547–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Zaimi K, Ishak A, Pop I. Boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a nonlinearly permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar;4:4404.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Schoonveld WA, Wildeman J, Fichou D, Bobbert PA, van Wees BJ, Klapwijk TM. Coulomb-blockade transport in single-crystal organic thin-film transistors. Nature. 2000 Apr;404(6781):977–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ersoy OK. Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1
Penn JS, editor. Retinal and Choroidal Angiogenesis. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Pye K, Tsoar H. Mechanics of Aeolian Sand Transport. In: Tsoar H, editor. Aeolian Sand and Sand Dunes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009; pp 99–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1
Davis J. England To Offer Gay Men HPV Vaccine For First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 May [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/uk-offer-gay-men-hpv-vaccine/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Advancements Being Pursued to Improve Airliner Cabin Occupant Safety and Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Roth MM. Depositional Environment of the Carbonate Cap Rock at the Pine Prairie Field, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana: Implications of Salt Diapirism on Cook Mountain Reservoir Genesis. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Sisario B. Pentatonix Album Tops Billboard’s Chart Again. New York Times. 2017 Jan;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Gastroenterology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (online)1662-0631
ScopeGastroenterology

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