How to format your references using the Tobacco Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krimsky S. Beware of gifts that come at too great a cost. Nature 2011;474:129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalnay E, Cai M. Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature 2003;423:528–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zavatta A, Viciani S, Bellini M. Quantum-to-classical transition with single-photon-added coherent states of light. Science 2004;306:660–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ming Y, Tan A-H, Wu Z-J, et al. Tailoring entanglement through domain engineering in a lithium niobate waveguide. Sci Rep 2014;4:4812.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg N, Hajej Z, Boschian-Campaner V. Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
Jajodia S, Wijesekera D, editors. Data and Applications Security XIX: 19th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Storrs, CT, USA, August 7-10, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Shilev S. Soil Rhizobacteria Regulating the Uptake of Nutrients and Undesirable Elements by Plants. In: Arora NK, ed. Plant Microbe Symbiosis: Fundamentals and Advances. New Delhi: : Springer India 2013. 147–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Control.

Blog post
Andrew D. Sexting Might Actually Be A Sign Of A Committed Relationship. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Passenger Screening: Preliminary Observations on Progress Made and Challenges Remaining. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari SR. A tool to automate the process of Unit testing of webapplications (Criterion V1.0). 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilford JN. Intertwined Circles of Faith. New York Times. 2016;:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Control
AbbreviationTob. Control
ISSN (print)0964-4563
ISSN (online)1468-3318
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles