How to format your references using the Tobacco Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Flier JS. Neuroscience. Regulating energy balance: the substrate strikes back. Science 2006;312:861–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Novas FE, Pol D. New evidence on deinonychosaurian dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia. Nature 2005;433:858–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Sakuda A, Hayashi A, Tatsumisago M. Sulfide solid electrolyte with favorable mechanical property for all-solid-state lithium battery. Sci Rep 2013;3:2261.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Hwang UW, Friedrich M, Tautz D, et al. Mitochondrial protein phylogeny joins myriapods with chelicerates. Nature 2001;413:154–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Eric G. F, Yvonne R. Growing Pains. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2015.
An edited book
1
Crockett LJ, Carlo G, editors. Rural Ethnic Minority Youth and Families in the United States: Theory, Research, and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Licht S. Thermochemical and Thermal/Photo Hybrid Solar Water Splitting. In: Rajeshwar K, McConnell R, Licht S, eds. Solar Hydrogen Generation: Toward a Renewable Energy Future. New York, NY: : Springer 2008. 87–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Control.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. How The Snake Got Its Extra-Long Body. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-the-snake-got-its-extra-long-body/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Supercomputing in Industry. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Gada KK. Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Dominus I by S. ‘My Moves Speak for Themselves’. New York Times. 2014;:MM10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Control
AbbreviationTob. Control
ISSN (print)0964-4563
ISSN (online)1468-3318
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles