How to format your references using the Tobacco Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K. The staff dreams are made of. Nature 2005;435:242–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kissa K, Herbomel P. Blood stem cells emerge from aortic endothelium by a novel type of cell transition. Nature 2010;464:112–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song J, Ji C, Zhang JZH. Unveiling the gating mechanism of ECF transporter RibU. Sci Rep 2013;3:3566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishii D, Horiguchi H, Hirai Y, et al. Water transport mechanism through open capillaries analyzed by direct surface modifications on biological surfaces. Sci Rep 2013;3:3024.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk JJ. Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2016.
An edited book
Trovalusci P, editor. Materials with Internal Structure: Multiscale and Multifield Modeling and Simulation. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagamachi M. Kansei Engineering and Rough Sets Model. In: Greco S, Hata Y, Hirano S, et al., eds. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 5th International Conference, RSCTC 2006 Kobe, Japan, November 6-8, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2006. 27–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Control.

Blog post
Davis J. Paris Climate Deal Nears Finishing Line As UK Announces It Will Ratify Agreement. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Environment: Federal and State Actions, Expenditures, and Challenges to Addressing Abandoned and Derelict Vessels. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kong C. Formal Methods Applied to the Specification of an Active Network Node. 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz J. A State Inquiry Is Said To Target Job Agencies. New York Times. 2013;:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Control
AbbreviationTob. Control
ISSN (print)0964-4563
ISSN (online)1468-3318
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles