How to format your references using the Tobacco Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Dyson F. A meeting with Enrico Fermi. Nature 2004;427:297.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Jerolmack DJ, Mohrig D. Palaeoclimatology: formation of Precambrian sediment ripples. Nature 2005;436:E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Rao CV, Wolf DM, Arkin AP. Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise. Nature 2002;420:231–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Choi YJ, Chae S, Kim JH, et al. Neurotoxic amyloid beta oligomeric assemblies recreated in microfluidic platform with interstitial level of slow flow. Sci Rep 2013;3:1921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kappe CO, Stadler A, Dallinger D. Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry. Weinheim, Germany: : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA 2012.
An edited book
1
Zappia V, Panico S, Russo GL, et al., editors. Advances in Nutrition and Cancer. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Tong CK. Feuds and Legacies: Conflict and Inheritance in Chinese Family Business. In: Tong C-K, ed. Chinese Business: Rethinking Guanxi and Trust in Chinese Business Networks. Singapore: : Springer 2014. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Control.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. How We Discovered The World’s Oldest Fossils. IFLScience. 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. In-Car Location-Based Services: Companies Are Taking Steps to Protect Privacy, but Some Risks May Not Be Clear to Consumers. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Conti AI. Dirty hands, virtue ethics, and consequentialism. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Chira S. Ugly Campaign Descended Into a Battle of Two Caricatures. New York Times. 2016;:P8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Control
AbbreviationTob. Control
ISSN (print)0964-4563
ISSN (online)1468-3318
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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