How to format your references using the Tobacco Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tobacco Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli A. The coming epidemic. Nature 2005;436:496–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zucker AA, Light D. Laptop programs for students. Science 2009;323:82–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellis AS, Johnson TM, Bullen TD. Chromium isotopes and the fate of hexavalent chromium in the environment. Science 2002;295:2060–2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Palatnik JF, Allen E, Wu X, et al. Control of leaf morphogenesis by microRNAs. Nature 2003;425:257–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hernandez EM, Kamal-Eldin A. Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2013.
An edited book
Tonolini M, editor. Imaging Complications of Gastrointestinal and Biliopancreatic Endoscopy Procedures. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bronner L, Richards A. Integrating Multi-Agent Technology with Cognitive Modeling to Develop an Insurgency Information Framework (IIF). In: Liu H, Salerno JJ, Young MJ, eds. Social Computing, Behavioral Modeling, and Prediction. Boston, MA: : Springer US 2008. 26–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tobacco Control.

Blog post
Evans K. Watch What Happens When You Shoot An “Unbreakable” Prince Rupert’s Drop With A Bullet. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Examination Into the Manner in Which the Office of Education Is Administering the Teacher Corps Program. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Geiselman CK. Diet and reproduction of sympatric nectar-feeding bat species (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) in French Guiana. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Corkery M, Davis JH. White House Will Offer Plan to Help Puerto Rico. New York Times. 2015;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTobacco Control
AbbreviationTob. Control
ISSN (print)0964-4563
ISSN (online)1468-3318
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles