How to format your references using the Radiology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Helmuth L. ALZHEIMER’S CONGRESS: Further Progress on a. Science 2000;289:375a.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chen Y, Schier AF. The zebrafish Nodal signal Squint functions as a morphogen. Nature 2001;411:607–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dillin A, Crawford DK, Kenyon C. Timing requirements for insulin/IGF-1 signaling in C. elegans. Science 2002;298:830–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Maviel T, Durkin TP, Menzaghi F, Bontempi B. Sites of neocortical reorganization critical for remote spatial memory. Science 2004;305:96–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Parker D. International Valuation Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Soudris D, Jantsch A, editors. Scalable Multi-core Architectures: Design Methodologies and Tools. 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Balsamo S, Rossi G-LD, Marin A. Modelling Retrial-Upon-Conflict Systems with Product-Form Stochastic Petri Nets. In: Dudin A, Turck KD, editors. Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 20th International Conference, ASMTA 2013, Ghent, Belgium, July 8-10, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 52–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiology Case Reports.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. 9 Science-Backed Studying Tips. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-study-smarter/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Concerns Over Labor’s Ability To Implement the Job Training Partnership Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lauper AR. Effects of leadership training and networking opportunities on professional advancement: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Otis J. Playing by Rules After Breaking Them for Years. New York Times 2017:A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiology Case Reports
AbbreviationRadiol. Case Rep.
ISSN (print)1930-0433
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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