How to format your references using the Letters in Mathematical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Letters in Mathematical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNutt, M.K.: Geophysics. Another nail in the plume coffin? Science. 313, 1394–1395 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, L.W., Roberts, B.: Bacterial immunity traded for sperm viability in male crickets. Science. 309, 2031 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
West-Eberhard, M.J., Smith, J.A.C., Winter, K.: Plant science. Photosynthesis, reorganized. Science. 332, 311–312 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Burks, D.J., Font de Mora, J., Schubert, M., Withers, D.J., Myers, M.G., Towery, H.H., Altamuro, S.L., Flint, C.L., White, M.F.: IRS-2 pathways integrate female reproduction and energy homeostasis. Nature. 407, 377–382 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner, B.: The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Shi, Z., He, Q. eds: Intelligent Information Processing II: IFIP TC12/WG12.3 International Conference on Intelligent Information Processing (IIP2004) October 21–23, 2004, Beijing, China. Springer US, Boston, MA (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Pestana, E.A., Belak, S., Diallo, A., Crowther, J.R., Viljoen, G.J.: Disease Diagnosis Using Real-Time PCR Specific Procedures for Important Veterinary Pathogens. In: Belak, S., Diallo, A., Crowther, J.R., and Viljoen, G.J. (eds.) Early, rapid and sensitive veterinary molecular diagnostics - real time PCR applications. pp. 73–234. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Letters in Mathematical Physics.

Blog post
Davis, J.: The Loss Of Large Herbivores Can Alter Ecosystems For Thousands Of Years,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA: Earned Value Management Implementation across Major Spaceflight Projects Is Uneven. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K.M.: Meanings of “design” in instructional technology: A conceptual analysis based on the field’s foundational literature, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B.: Shania Twain Returns To Top of Album Chart, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLetters in Mathematical Physics
AbbreviationLett. Math. Phys.
ISSN (print)0377-9017
ISSN (online)1573-0530
ScopeMathematical Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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