How to format your references using the Letters in Mathematical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Letters in Mathematical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ajdari, A.: Physics. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1932-2007). Science. 317, 466 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Southwick, S.M., Charney, D.S.: The science of resilience: implications for the prevention and treatment of depression. Science. 338, 79–82 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Møller, P.R., Nielsen, J.G., Fossen, I.: Fish migration: Patagonian toothfish found off Greenland. Nature. 421, 599 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nguyen, T.A., Lee, J.-U., Yoon, D., Cheong, H.: Excitation energy dependent Raman signatures of ABA- and ABC-stacked few-layer graphene. Sci. Rep. 4, 4630 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martinsen, U.: Kostenrechnung in der Bauwirtschaft. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2017)
An edited book
Wu, A.M. ed: The Molecular Immunology of Complex Carbohydrates-3. Springer US, Boston, MA (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Druguet, E., Rahimi, A., Carreras, J., Castaño, L.M., Sánchez-Sorribes, I.: The Geoheritage of Kerdous Inlier (Western Anti-Atlas, Morocco): Pages of Earth History in an Outstanding Landscape. In: Errami, E., Brocx, M., and Semeniuk, V. (eds.) From Geoheritage to Geoparks: Case Studies from Africa and Beyond. pp. 81–90. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Letters in Mathematical Physics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: King Penguins Adversely Affected By Climate Extremes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Improvements Needed in the Migrant Education Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1979)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yanez, A.M.: Chicano and Black radical activism of the 1960s: A comparison between the Brown Berets and the Black Panther Party in California, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ochs, S.M.: At Banks, the Buck Stops Short, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLetters in Mathematical Physics
AbbreviationLett. Math. Phys.
ISSN (print)0377-9017
ISSN (online)1573-0530
ScopeMathematical Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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