How to format your references using the Letters in Mathematical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Letters in Mathematical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lopez, S.: Astronomy. The universe measured with a comb. Science. 321, 1301–1302 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lambolez, F., Rocha, B.: Immunology. A molecular gut reaction. Science. 294, 1848–1849 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Guiteras, R., Levinsohn, J., Mobarak, A.M.: Sanitation subsidies. Encouraging sanitation investment in the developing world: a cluster-randomized trial. Science. 348, 903–906 (2015)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grigg, S.P., Canales, C., Hay, A., Tsiantis, M.: SERRATE coordinates shoot meristem function and leaf axial patterning in Arabidopsis. Nature. 437, 1022–1026 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Islam, J.S., Zatzman, G.M., Mughal, M.A.H., Rahman, M.S.: The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Cooper, D.S., Durante, C. eds: Thyroid Cancer: A Case-Based Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Cortina, S., Mayer, N., Renault, A., Barafort, B.: Towards a Process Assessment Model for Management System Standards. In: Mitasiunas, A., Rout, T., O’Connor, R.V., and Dorling, A. (eds.) Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination: 14th International Conference, SPICE 2014, Vilnius, Lithuania, November 4-6, 2014, Proceedings. pp. 36–47. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Letters in Mathematical Physics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Focus On Temperature Ignores Other Ways To Take The Planet’s Pulse


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Tax Policy: Insufficient Information to Assess Effect of Tax Free Education Assistance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, E.A.: The semiconductor industry and emerging technologies: A study using a modified Delphi method, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B.: Music Distributor Helps Artists With a Tricky Part: Splitting Royalties, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLetters in Mathematical Physics
AbbreviationLett. Math. Phys.
ISSN (print)0377-9017
ISSN (online)1573-0530
ScopeMathematical Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Other styles