How to format your references using the Tissue Barriers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Tissue Barriers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston C. Breast cancer. Nature 2015; 527:S101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sotomayor M, Schulten K. Single-molecule experiments in vitro and in silico. Science 2007; 316:1144–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavazzi G, Bisio A, Pozzo T. Time perception of visual motion is tuned by the motor representation of human actions. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1168.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhou D, Guo J, Xu L, Gao S, Lin Q, Wu Q, Wu L, Que Y. Establishment and application of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) system for detection of cry1Ac transgenic sugarcane. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4912.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hobkirk JA, Gill DS, Jones SP, Hemmings KW, Bassi GS, O’Donnell AL, Goodman JR. Hypodontia. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Groenewegen HJ, Voorn P, Berendse HW, Mulder AB, Cools AR, editors. The Basal Ganglia IX. New York, NY: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Juan-Albarracín J, Fuster-Garcia E, García-Gómez JM. An Online Platform for the Automatic Reporting of Multi-parametric Tissue Signatures: A Case Study in Glioblastoma. In: Crimi A, Menze B, Maier O, Reyes M, Winzeck S, Handels H, editors. Brainlesion: Glioma, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injuries: Second International Workshop, BrainLes 2016, with the Challenges on BRATS, ISLES and mTOP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. page 43–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Tissue Barriers.

Blog post
Andrew E. Self-Assembling Molecules Trap Cancer Cells In Deadly Carbohydrate Web [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Competitiveness: Federal Laws and Policies Affect Railroad Competitiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curiel AR. A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J. Spokesman Spins for Audience of One. New York Times2017; :A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTissue Barriers
AbbreviationTissue Barriers
ISSN (online)2168-8370
Cell Biology

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