How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.P. Rupen, Astronomy. Microquasar fireworks, Science. 298 (2002) 73–74.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. McAndrew, E. Scanlon, Education. Open learning at a distance: lessons for struggling MOOCs, Science. 342 (2013) 1450–1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Kaaret, M.G. Simet, C.C. Lang, The orbital period of the ultraluminous x-ray source in M82, Science. 311 (2006) 491.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.I. Wilson, A. Rydström, T. Trimborn, K. Willert, R. Nusse, T.M. Jessell, T. Edlund, The status of Wnt signalling regulates neural and epidermal fates in the chick embryo, Nature. 411 (2001) 325–330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Mascia, Polymers in Industry from A-Z, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
J. Fischer, P. Sanders, eds., Combinatorial Pattern Matching: 24th Annual Symposium, CPM 2013, Bad Herrenalb, Germany, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J.A. McMurtry, N.F. Sourassou, P.R. Demite, The Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) as Biological Control Agents, in: D. Carrillo, G.J. de Moraes, J.E. Peña (Eds.), Prospects for Biological Control of Plant Feeding Mites and Other Harmful Organisms, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 133–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Earth’s Electromagnetic Field Is Weakening, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Systems: EEOC’s Charge Data System Contains Errors But System Satisfies Users, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.J. Thiss, Effects of dedicated academic support services on the persistence rates of California Community College student-athletes, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification
AbbreviationChem. Eng. Process.
ISSN (print)0255-2701
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Process Chemistry and Technology
General Chemistry
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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