How to format your references using the Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, M.B., 2004. Eppendorf essay winner. Deconstructing C. elegans sensory mechanotransduction. Science 306, 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathôt, S., Theeuwes, J., 2013. A reinvestigation of the reference frame of the tilt-adaptation aftereffect. Sci. Rep. 3, 1152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao, G., Guo, X., Goff, S.P., 2002. Inhibition of retroviral RNA production by ZAP, a CCCH-type zinc finger protein. Science 297, 1703–1706.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Drescher, M., Hentschel, M., Kienberger, R., Uiberacker, M., Yakovlev, V., Scrinzi, A., Westerwalbesloh, T., Kleineberg, U., Heinzmann, U., Krausz, F., 2002. Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy. Nature 419, 803–807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson, T.R., 2010. Genetics for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kuhlin, B., Thielmann, H. (Eds.), 2005. The Practical Real-Time Enterprise: Facts and Perspectives. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloss, C.S., Bakken, T.E., Joyner, A.H., Schork, N.J., 2009. Leveraging High-Dimensional Neuroimaging Data in Genetic Studies of Neuropsychiatric Disease, in: Ritsner, M.S. (Ed.), The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes: Neuropsychological Endophenotypes and Biomarkers. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 87–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Modeling Technique Predicts Sickle Cell Behavior [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. USDA Information Management: Extensive Improvements Needed in Managing Information Technology Investments (No. T-AIMD-97-90). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, J., 2013. Effective nonprofit collaborative networks (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., 2010. Clay Mates. New York Times M2160.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman, 2004; Mathôt and Theeuwes, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mathôt and Theeuwes, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Drescher et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleTicks and Tick-borne Diseases
AbbreviationTicks Tick Borne Dis.
ISSN (print)1877-959X
ScopeInsect Science
Infectious Diseases

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