How to format your references using the Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harshaw, C., 2015. ANIMAL COGNITION. Comment on “Number-space mapping in the newborn chick resembles humans’ mental number line.” Science 348, 1438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kornack, D.R., Rakic, P., 2001. Cell proliferation without neurogenesis in adult primate neocortex. Science 294, 2127–2130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmittner, A., Yoshimori, M., Weaver, A.J., 2002. Instability of glacial climate in a model of the ocean- atmosphere-cryosphere system. Science 295, 1489–1493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hooper, L.V., Wong, M.H., Thelin, A., Hansson, L., Falk, P.G., Gordon, J.I., 2001. Molecular analysis of commensal host-microbial relationships in the intestine. Science 291, 881–884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington, S., 2011. How to Know. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bolc, L., Tadeusiewicz, R., Chmielewski, L.J., Wojciechowski, K. (Eds.), 2010. Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2010, Warsaw, Poland, September 20-22, 2010, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aldhalaan, A., Menascé, D.A., 2013. Analytic Performance Modeling and Optimization of Live VM Migration, in: Balsamo, M.S., Knottenbelt, W.J., Marin, A. (Eds.), Computer Performance Engineering: 10th European Workshop, EPEW 2013, Venice, Italy, September 16-17, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 28–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. What Do Sugar And Climate Change Have In Common? Misplaced Scepticism Of The Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Corporation for Public Broadcasting’s Oversight of Public Television (No. AFMD-85-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang, Y., 2009. Structure tailored properties and functionalities of zero-dimensional nanostructures (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., Abrams, R., 2017. Beleaguered Weinstein Company Will Not Get a Planned Cash Infusion. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harshaw, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Harshaw, 2015; Kornack and Rakic, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kornack and Rakic, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hooper et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleTicks and Tick-borne Diseases
AbbreviationTicks Tick Borne Dis.
ISSN (print)1877-959X
ScopeInsect Science
Microbiology
Parasitology
Infectious Diseases

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