How to format your references using the Geoforum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoforum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thornton, J.M., 2001. From genome to function. Science 292, 2095–2097.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N., Tawfik, D.S., 2009. Protein dynamism and evolvability. Science 324, 203–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson, B.A., Bikson, T.K., Gunn, P.P., 2013. Science and law. Human subjects protection and research on terrorism and conflict. Science 340, 434–435.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onuchic, V., Lurie, E., Carrero, I., Pawliczek, P., Patel, R.Y., Rozowsky, J., Galeev, T., Huang, Z., Altshuler, R.C., Zhang, Z., Harris, R.A., Coarfa, C., Ashmore, L., Bertol, J.W., Fakhouri, W.D., Yu, F., Kellis, M., Gerstein, M., Milosavljevic, A., 2018. Allele-specific epigenome maps reveal sequence-dependent stochastic switching at regulatory loci. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, K.R., 2011. Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schirner, G., Götz, M., Rettberg, A., Zanella, M.C., Rammig, F.J. (Eds.), 2013. Embedded Systems: Design, Analysis and Verification: 4th IFIP TC 10 International Embedded Systems Symposium, IESS 2013, Paderborn, Germany, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vasquez, C., 2012. Social Emergent Semantics for Personal Data Management, in: Herrero, P., Panetto, H., Meersman, R., Dillon, T. (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2012 Workshops: Confederated International Workshops: OTM Academy, Industry Case Studies Program, EI2N, INBAST, META4eS, OnToContent, ORM, SeDeS, SINCOM, and SOMOCO 2012, Rome, Italy, September 10-14, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 23–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoforum.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Scientists Have Modeled What Gravitiational Waves From The Big Bang Might Look Like [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/physics/scientists-have-modeled-what-gravitiational-waves-from-the-big-bang-might-look-like/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps (No. GAO-15-386T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Y.I., 2008. Essays on Volatility Risk, Asset Returns and Consumption-Based Asset Pricing (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett, M., 2017. As Well-Educated Leave, Iowa’s Shift to G.O.P. Is a Matter of Degree. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thornton, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Thornton, 2001; Tokuriki and Tawfik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki and Tawfik, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Onuchic et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoforum
AbbreviationGeoforum
ISSN (print)0016-7185
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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