How to format your references using the Injury Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. US astronomers draw up their wish list for a decade of funding. Nature. 2000 May 25;405(6785):381–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conradt L, Roper TJ. Group decision-making in animals. Nature. 2003 Jan 9;421(6919):155–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaydos LJ, Wang W, Strome S. Gene repression. H3K27me and PRC2 transmit a memory of repression across generations and during development. Science. 2014 Sep 19;345(6203):1515–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Si Q, Rabello S, Ingersent K, Smith JL. Locally critical quantum phase transitions in strongly correlated metals. Nature. 2001 Oct 25;413(6858):804–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Volpe MA. Rethinking Christian Identity. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Tok ME, Alkhater LRM, Pal LA, editors. Policy-Making in a Transformative State: The Case of Qatar. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Skuk D, Tremblay JP. A Historic Recapitulation of Myoblast Transplantation. In: Dib N, Taylor DA, Diethrich EB, editors. Stem Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering for Cardiovascular Repair: From Basic Research to Clinical Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury Epidemiology.

Blog post
Andrews R. How Well Did Back To The Future Predict Our Lives In 2015? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/did-back-future-ii-actually-predict-world-2015/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Safety: The Federal Railroad Administration Is Better Targeting Safety Risks, but Needs to Assess Results to Determine the Impact of Its Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 May. Report No.: GAO-07-841T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takusi GS. A quantitative analysis of the extrinsic and intrinsic turnover factors of relational database support professionals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Left on Purpose. New York Times. 2017 Feb 9;C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Conradt and Roper 2003; Reichhardt 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conradt and Roper 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Si et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury Epidemiology
AbbreviationInj. Epidemiol.
ISSN (online)2197-1714
Scope

Other styles