How to format your references using the Thyroid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marti K. Planetary science. Sampling the Sun. Science. 2007;318:401–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Loog M, Morgan DO. Cyclin specificity in the phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase substrates. Nature. 2005;434:104–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rand DG, Greene JD, Nowak MA. Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature. 2012;489:427–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jayaram H, Taraporewala Z, Patton JT, Prasad BVV. Rotavirus protein involved in genome replication and packaging exhibits a HIT-like fold. Nature. 2002;417:311–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Broome J. Weighing Goods. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Mitchell RC, Moore SA, editors. Planetary Praxis & Pedagogy: Transdisciplinary Approaches to Environmental Sustainability. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Perri R, Carlesimo GA. I deficit cognitivi nelle sindromi extrapiramidali con demenza. In: Caltagirone C, editor. Malattia di Parkinson e parkinsonismi: La prospettiva delle neuroscienze cognitive. Milano: Springer; 2009. p. 53–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid Research.

Blog post
1. Hale T. NASA’s “RoboGloves” Could Double The Strength Of Your Hand [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/nasas-robogloves-could-double-the-strength-of-your-hand/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Cost and Research Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Mar. Report No.: T-NSIAD-96-116.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Swan C. Arts participation and career preparedness: A pragmatic approach to assessing arts benefits [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Already Loaded With Talent, Cubs May Get a Slugger Back From an Injury. New York Times. 2016 Oct 25;B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid Research
AbbreviationThyroid Res.
ISSN (online)1756-6614
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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