How to format your references using the Thyroid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Attractive information. Nature. 2005;435:529.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kennedy D, Norman C. What don’t we know? Science. 2005;309:75.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang K, Hu Y, He J. Deformation cycles of subduction earthquakes in a viscoelastic Earth. Nature. 2012;484:327–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Endre G, Kereszt A, Kevei Z, Mihacea S, Kaló P, Kiss GB. A receptor kinase gene regulating symbiotic nodule development. Nature. 2002;417:962–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Alacoque JC. Direct Eigen Control for Induction Machines and Synchronous Motors. Chichester, UK: A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Vaidya J. Privacy Preserving Data Mining. Zhu YM, Clifton CW, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tobias ES. Genetic Counseling for Childhood Tumors and Inherited Cancer-Predisposing Syndromes. In: Carachi R, Grosfeld JL, editors. The Surgery of Childhood Tumors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Using 3D Printers To Generate Villages Of Houses. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Information Technology: Complete Cost Data Not Provided to OMB. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Jan. Report No.: IMTEC-91-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hill L. Unique forms of knowledge and curriculum in hip-hop pedagogy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Sophisticated Takeout. New York Times. 2008 Mar 16;NJ16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid Research
AbbreviationThyroid Res.
ISSN (online)1756-6614
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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