How to format your references using the Thyroid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rochmyaningsih D. Don’t distort policy in the name of national pride. Nature. 2015;523:257.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lamb S, Davis P. Cenozoic climate change as a possible cause for the rise of the Andes. Nature. 2003;425:792–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maruyama M, Lam KP, Rajewsky K. Memory B-cell persistence is independent of persisting immunizing antigen. Nature. 2000;407:636–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhou L, Swearer DF, Zhang C, Robatjazi H, Zhao H, Henderson L, et al. Quantifying hot carrier and thermal contributions in plasmonic photocatalysis. Science. 2018;362:69–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. De Martini D. Success Probability Estimation with Applications to Clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Kozai T, Fujiwara K, Runkle ES, editors. LED Lighting for Urban Agriculture. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Koroleva LI, Zashchirinskii DM. New Type of Nanomaterials: Doped Magnetic Semiconductors Contained Ferrons, Antiferrons and Afmons. In: Aktas B, Mikailov F, editors. Advances in Nanoscale Magnetism: Proceedings of the International Conference on Nanoscale Magnetism ICNM-2007 June 25–29, Istanbul, Turkey. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 89–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. DIY Can Be Dangerous – But It’s The Invisible Dust That May Harm You The Most. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Long-Standing Problems Impair Airport Screeners’ Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Jun. Report No.: RCED-00-75.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Savage F. Effect of Dry-Wet Cycles on Fracture Propagation in Shale and Gas Production Mechanism [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus S. Comic Relief. New York Times. 2014 Oct 17;MM23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid Research
AbbreviationThyroid Res.
ISSN (online)1756-6614
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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