How to format your references using the Thyroid Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thyroid Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kreeger K. A winning proposal. Nature. 2003;426:102–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lee RC, Ambros V. An extensive class of small RNAs in Caenorhabditis elegans. Science. 2001;294:862–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cai Y, Zhang G, Zhang Y-W. Layer-dependent band alignment and work function of few-layer phosphorene. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6677.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Müller H, Fogeron M-L, Lehmann V, Lehrach H, Lange BMH. A centrosome-independent role for gamma-TuRC proteins in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Science. 2006;314:654–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wahbi M. Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Forsyth D, Torr P, Zisserman A, editors. Computer Vision – ECCV 2008: 10th European Conference on Computer Vision, Marseille, France, October 12-18, 2008, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Giorgi E. 1995. In: Betti R, Guerraggio A, Termini S, editors. Storie e protagonisti della matematica italiana: per raccontare 20 anni di «Lettera Matematica Pristem». Milano: Springer; 2013. p. 65–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thyroid Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Why You Might Want To Think Twice About Surrendering Online Privacy For The Sake Of Convenience. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Homeland Security: Continued Actions Needed to Strengthen Oversight and Coordination of Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jul. Report No.: GAO-14-813T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Krau CF. A case study of congregational design and implementation of adult Christian education [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Belson K, Pilon M. Round One in Sprints to Jamaica; Briton Takes 10,000. New York Times. 2012 Aug 5;SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThyroid Research
AbbreviationThyroid Res.
ISSN (online)1756-6614
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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