How to format your references using the Future Business Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Business Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watt, F. M. (2014). Mammalian skin cell biology: at the interface between laboratory and clinic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6212), 937–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine, J. M., & HilleRisLambers, J. (2009). The importance of niches for the maintenance of species diversity. Nature, 461(7261), 254–257.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trumbore, S., Brando, P., & Hartmann, H. (2015). Forest health and global change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6250), 814–818.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zwally, H. J., Abdalati, W., Herring, T., Larson, K., Saba, J., & Steffen, K. (2002). Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 218–222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gadd, K. (2016). TRIZ für Ingenieure. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Freire, J., Koop, D., & Moreau, L. (Eds.). (2008). Provenance and Annotation of Data and Processes: Second International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2008, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, June 17-18, 2008. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 5272). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tichavska, M., Cabrera, F., Tovar, B., & Araña, V. (2015). Use of the Automatic Identification System in Academic Research. In R. Moreno-Díaz, F. Pichler, & A. Quesada-Arencibia (Eds.), Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2015: 15th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 8-13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 33–40). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Business Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 8). These Adorable Sea Lions Are The Puppies Of The Sea. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Magellan Mission to Venus (NSIAD-88-130FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji, O. O. (2008). The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yee, V., & Schweber, N. (2015, April 1). Fleeting Stability for a Woman Charged With Killing Her Son. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watt, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Levine & HilleRisLambers, 2009; Watt, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine & HilleRisLambers, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Trumbore et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zwally et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Business Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Bus. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7210

Other styles