How to format your references using the Future Business Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Business Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberts, R. G. (2014). Ecology. A pardon for the dingo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6167), 142–143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holme, R., & de Viron, O. (2013). Characterization and implications of intradecadal variations in length of day. Nature, 499(7457), 202–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baksh, M. M., Jaros, M., & Groves, J. T. (2004). Detection of molecular interactions at membrane surfaces through colloid phase transitions. Nature, 427(6970), 139–141.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gao, X., Luo, W., Zhong, C., Wexler, D., Chou, S.-L., Liu, H.-K., Shi, Z., Chen, G., Ozawa, K., & Wang, J.-Z. (2014). Novel germanium/polypyrrole composite for high power lithium-ion batteries. Scientific Reports, 4, 6095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franco, P. (2014). Understanding Bitcoin. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fang, Y. (2008). Fuzzy Portfolio Optimization: Theory and Methods (K. K. Lai & S. Wang, Eds.; Vol. 609). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamed, O., Kimchi, E. T., Sehmbey, M., Gusani, N. J., Kaifi, J. T., & Staveley-O’Carroll, K. (2013). Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy: Hepatocellular Cancer. In W. S. El-Deiry (Ed.), Impact of Genetic Targets on Cancer Therapy (pp. 67–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Business Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 13). Man Receives Facial Reconstruction With Help From 3D Printer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). FAA Budget: Key Issues Need to Be Addressed (T-RCED-92-51). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baxter, J. M. (2010). Enantioselective Mannich-type Reactions Promoted by Strained Silane Lewis Acids: Selective Generation of Two Contiguous Stereocenters and Entry into a Novel Class of Pyrrolidines [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, November 28). Fitzpatrick’s Steady Hand Is Upended by a Late Blow. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roberts, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Holme & de Viron, 2013; Roberts, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holme & de Viron, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Baksh et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Business Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Bus. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7210

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