How to format your references using the Future Business Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Business Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shanklin, J. (2010). Reflections on the ozone hole. Nature, 465(7294), 34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crickmore, M. A., & Mann, R. S. (2006). Hox control of organ size by regulation of morphogen production and mobility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 63–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knill, E., Laflamme, R., & Milburn, G. J. (2001). A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics. Nature, 409(6816), 46–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bizzarro, M., Baker, J. A., Haack, H., Ulfbeck, D., & Rosing, M. (2003). Early history of Earth’s crust-mantle system inferred from hafnium isotopes in chondrites. Nature, 421(6926), 931–933.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fitschen, K. (2013). Building Reliable Trading Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Iai, S. (Ed.). (2011). Geotechnics and Earthquake Geotechnics Towards Global Sustainability (Vol. 15). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tu, Z., & Xu, X. (2016). Requirement Pattern Elicitation Approach of Massive Customers in Domain Oriented Service Requirement Engineering. In K. Mertins, R. Jardim-Gonçalves, K. Popplewell, & J. P. Mendonça (Eds.), Enterprise Interoperability VII: Enterprise Interoperability in the Digitized and Networked Factory of the Future (pp. 53–75). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Business Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 2). Killer Cholera Bacterium Stabs Others With Tiny Spear, Steals DNA. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Higher Education: Information on Minority-Targeted Scholarships (HEHS-94-77). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klooster, E. C.-R. (2010). Identifying differences in student traditionalities of remedial math students, adjusted for efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, April 1). Witches of Salem Are Back; You May Be One. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shanklin, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Crickmore & Mann, 2006; Shanklin, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crickmore & Mann, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Knill et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bizzarro et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Business Journal
AbbreviationFutur. Bus. J.
ISSN (print)2314-7210

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