How to format your references using the Annals of Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Montesi LGJ. Planetary science. Solving the mascon mystery. Science 2013;340:1535–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nadeau RM, McEvilly TV. Periodic pulsing of characteristic microearthquakes on the San Andreas fault. Science 2004;303:220–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ohbayashi M, Ohki K, Miyashita Y. Conversion of working memory to motor sequence in the monkey premotor cortex. Science 2003;301:233–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Jaillais Y, Fobis-Loisy I, Miège C, Rollin C, Gaude T. AtSNX1 defines an endosome for auxin-carrier trafficking in Arabidopsis. Nature 2006;443:106–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Escarpa A, González MC, López MÁ. Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Schröder W, editor. Summary of Flow Modulation and Fluid-Structure Interaction Findings: Results of the Collaborative Research Center SFB 401 at the RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, 1997-2008. vol. 109. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ferrari A, Luna BQ, Spickermann A, Travelletti J, Krzeminska D, Eichenberger J, et al. Techniques for the Modelling of the Process Systems in Slow and Fast-Moving Landslides. In: Van Asch T, Corominas J, Greiving S, Malet J-P, Sterlacchini S, editors. Mountain Risks: From Prediction to Management and Governance, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 83–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. EPA Staff Try To Derail Confirmation Of Climate Denier Scott Pruitt. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/epa-staff-try-to-derail-confirmation-of-climate-denier-scott-pruitt/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Funding Requirements for NASA’s EOSDIS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Vaughn EL. Find me on Facebook: A new typology for categorizing online personalities. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Lovell J. The World, Still Spinning. New York Times 2013:MM36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationAnn. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1092-9134
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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