How to format your references using the Annals of Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kessin RH. Microbiology. Sex and sacrifice. Science 2010;330:1487–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bloch G, Robinson GE. Chronobiology. Reversal of honeybee behavioural rhythms. Nature 2001;410:1048.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schoemaker HE, Mink D, Wubbolts MG. Dispelling the myths--biocatalysis in industrial synthesis. Science 2003;299:1694–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ransom RC, Carter AC, Salhotra A, Leavitt T, Marecic O, Murphy MP, et al. Mechanoresponsive stem cells acquire neural crest fate in jaw regeneration. Nature 2018;563:514–21.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Takezawa K. Guidebook to R Graphics Using Microsoft® Windows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Goemans M, Correa J, editors. Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization: 16th International Conference, IPCO 2013, Valparaíso, Chile, March 18-20, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7801. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Povh B, Rith K, Scholz C, Zetsche F, Rodejohann W. Geometric Shapes of Nuclei. In: Rith K, Scholz C, Zetsche F, Rodejohann W, editors. Particles and Nuclei: An Introduction to the Physical Concepts, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 55–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Catalog Of Life’s Colors Created To Assist The Hunt For Extraterrestrial Life. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/catalog-lifes-colors-created-assist-hunt-extraterrestrial-life/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. U.S. Airports: Selected Airports’ Views on Federal Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Clark M. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Fernandez M, Kulish N, Anasagasti S. For Migrants, Peril on 18 Wheels; For Smugglers, a Profit Machine. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationAnn. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1092-9134
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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