How to format your references using the Annals of Diagnostic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Diagnostic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Tutu D. Genome-sequencing anniversary. My genome. Science 2011;331:689.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nguyen JH, Holmes NC. Melting of iron at the physical conditions of the Earth’s core. Nature 2004;427:339–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Krumholz MR, McKee CF, Klein RI. The formation of stars by gravitational collapse rather than competitive accretion. Nature 2005;438:332–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Polin M, Tuval I, Drescher K, Gollub JP, Goldstein RE. Chlamydomonas swims with two “gears” in a eukaryotic version of run-and-tumble locomotion. Science 2009;325:487–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ellis H, Lawson A. Anatomy for Anaesthetists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
P D. Operators for Similarity Search: Semantics, Techniques and Usage Scenarios. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Taiana R-D. Systematics and Ecology of Tropical Ectomycorrhizal Fungi Using Molecular Approaches. In: Rai M, Varma A, editors. Diversity and Biotechnology of Ectomycorrhizae, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Diagnostic Pathology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Pruny Fingers Are An Evolutionary Advantage. IFLScience 2013. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/pruny-fingers-are-evolutionary-advantage/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Developing State Automated Information Systems To Support Federal Assistance Programs: Problems and Opportunities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gauen KE. The impact of the Instructional Practices Inventory at an Illinois middle school. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barron J. Harlem Rezoning Proposal Would Create Memorial To African Burial Ground. New York Times 2017:A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Diagnostic Pathology
AbbreviationAnn. Diagn. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1092-9134
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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