How to format your references using the Case Studies on Transport Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies on Transport Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eagleman, D.M., 2004. Neuroscience. The where and when of intention. Science 303, 1144–1146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doma, M.K., Parker, R., 2006. Endonucleolytic cleavage of eukaryotic mRNAs with stalls in translation elongation. Nature 440, 561–564.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas, J.S., Zavala, B., Landisman, C.E., 2011. Activity-dependent long-term depression of electrical synapses. Science 334, 389–393.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Puentes, G., Waldherr, G., Neumann, P., Balasubramanian, G., Wrachtrup, J., 2014. Efficient route to high-bandwidth nanoscale magnetometry using single spins in diamond. Sci. Rep. 4, 4677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, G.M., Furlong, J.C., 2010. Environmental Biotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gleich, A. von, Ayres, R.U., Gößling-Reisemann, S. (Eds.), 2006. Sustainable Metals Management: Securing our Future - Steps Towards a Closed Loop Economy, Eco-Efficiency in Industry and Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Renger, M., Kolfschoten, G.L., de Vreede, G.-J., 2008. Challenges in Collaborative Modeling: A Literature Review, in: Dietz, J.L.G., Albani, A., Barjis, J. (Eds.), Advances in Enterprise Engineering I: 4th International Workshop CIAO! And 4th International Workshop EOMAS, Held at CAiSE 2008, Montpellier, France, June 16-17, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Game-Changing Photocell Turns Carbon Dioxide Into Fuel [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles (No. RCED-95-209). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Constantine, S., 2013. Supportive services for transitional and emancipated youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joseph, Y., 2017. Passage Home for a Pioneer’s House. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eagleman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Doma and Parker, 2006; Eagleman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doma and Parker, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Puentes et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies on Transport Policy
ISSN (print)2213-624X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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