How to format your references using the Case Studies on Transport Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies on Transport Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, R., 2007. Chemistry in context. Nature 446, 464–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurzban, R., Barrett, H.C., 2012. Behavior. Origins of cumulative culture. Science 335, 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garner, H.R., McIver, L.J., Waitzkin, M.B., 2013. Research funding: Same work, twice the money? Nature 493, 599–601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, X.-J., Qi, Y.-Y., Hou, P., Lv, J.-C., Shi, S.-F., Liu, L.-J., Zhao, N., Zhang, H., 2014. Cumulative effects of variants identified by genome-wide association studies in IgA nephropathy. Sci. Rep. 4, 4904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snopek, L., 2012. The Complete Guide to Portfolio Construction and Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Schmidt-Hertha, B., Krašovec, S.J., Formosa, M. (Eds.), 2014. Learning across Generations in Europe: Contemporary Issues in Older Adult Education, Research on the Education and Learning of Adults. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Liang, J.Z., Corso, N., Turner, E., Zakhor, A., 2015. Image-Based Positioning of Mobile Devices in Indoor Environments, in: Choi, J., Friedland, G. (Eds.), Multimodal Location Estimation of Videos and Images. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. What Would Happen If A Nuclear Bomb Was Dropped On A City? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Defaulted Student Loans: Guaranty Agencies’ Collection Practices and Procedures (No. HRD-86-114BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chalmers, T.D., 2009. The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Big Trucks Take More Detours, and Residents Near Holland Tunnel Just Smile. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kurzban and Barrett, 2012; Lewis, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kurzban and Barrett, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies on Transport Policy
ISSN (print)2213-624X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

Other styles