How to format your references using the Case Studies on Transport Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies on Transport Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, D.L., 2006. Developmental biology. Morphing into shape. Science 313, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aychek, T., Jung, S., 2014. Immunology. The axis of tolerance. Science 343, 1439–1440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies, P.C.W., Davis, T.M., Lineweaver, C.H., 2002. Black holes constrain varying constants. Nature 418, 602–603.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Szufnarowska, J., Rohlfing, K.J., Fawcett, C., Gredebäck, G., 2014. Is ostension any more than attention? Sci. Rep. 4, 5304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer, E., Adams, R., Eustace, D., 2011. Beyond Redundancy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Poibeau, T., Saggion, H., Piskorski, J., Yangarber, R. (Eds.), 2013. Multi-source, Multilingual Information Extraction and Summarization, Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Payne-James, J.J., Payne-James, J.J., Hinchliffe, J., 2011. Injury Assessment, Documentation, and Interpretation, in: Stark, M.M. (Ed.), Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician’s Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 133–167.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Bowling Balls Teach Principles of Physics With Pendulum Wave [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Workforce Development: Community Colleges and One-Stop Centers Collaborate to Meet 21st Century Workforce Needs (No. GAO-08-547). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Landon, S.G., 2015. The development of a transitional shelter program for homeless women: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. On Coaching Go-Round, It’s Hop On, And Hold On. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stern, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Aychek and Jung, 2014; Stern, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aychek and Jung, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Szufnarowska et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies on Transport Policy
ISSN (print)2213-624X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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