How to format your references using the Case Studies on Transport Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies on Transport Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May, M., 2013. Heart health. Nature 493, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey, R.L., Mohanty, P., 2005. Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature 437, 995–998.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pack, A., Shelley, J.M.G., Palme, H., 2004. Chondrules with peculiar REE patterns: implications for solar nebular condensation at high C/O. Science 303, 997–1000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, S., Zhou, J., Dong, C.-L., Hu, Y., Tseng, E.N., Guo, P., Guo, L., Mao, S.S., 2014. Surface engineered doping of hematite nanorod arrays for improved photoelectrochemical water splitting. Sci. Rep. 4, 6627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, A.K., 2014. Intracellular Calcium. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Samarati, P., Tunstall, M., Posegga, J., Markantonakis, K., Sauveron, D. (Eds.), 2010. Information Security Theory and Practices. Security and Privacy of Pervasive Systems and Smart Devices: 4th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2010, Passau, Germany, April 12-14, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Marasinghe, M.G., Kennedy, W.J., 2008. Statistical Analysis of Regression Models, in: Kennedy, W.J. (Ed.), SAS for Data Analysis: Intermediate Statistical Methods, Statistics and Computing. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 1–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Most Eucalypts Are Ill-Suited To A Warming World, But Unusual Discovery Could Hold Solution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Regulatory Programs: Opportunities to Enhance Oversight of the Real Estate Appraisal Industry (No. GAO-04-580T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, M., 2010. Therapeutic groups for adults with mental illness and their caregivers: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stubbs, J., Reyes, R., 2016. Don’t Waste Your Vote. Trade It. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005; May, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies on Transport Policy
ISSN (print)2213-624X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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