How to format your references using the Case Studies on Transport Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Studies on Transport Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwartz, M.A., 2009. Cell biology. The force is with us. Science 323, 588–589.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, K.H., Orvig, C., 2003. Boon and bane of metal ions in medicine. Science 300, 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morris, R.J., Lewis, O.T., Godfray, H.C.J., 2004. Experimental evidence for apparent competition in a tropical forest food web. Nature 428, 310–313.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, K., Durand, M., Baudelet, M., Richardson, M., 2014. Transition from linear- to nonlinear-focusing regime in filamentation. Sci. Rep. 4, 7217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misstear, B., Banks, D., Clark, L., 2017. Water Wells and Boreholes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cheng, M.M.H., So, W.W.M. (Eds.), 2011. Science Education in International Contexts. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm, G., Uszkoreit, H., 2012. O projektu META-NET, in: Rehm, G., Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.), The Slovene Language in the Digital Age, White Paper Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Multimillion-Dollar Stradivarius Violins Sound No Better Than Modern Instruments [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. FAA Reauthorization Act: Progress and Challenges Implementing Various Provisions of the 2012 Act (No. GAO-14-285T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alonzo, C.E., 2010. Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. Mere Bits of Skimpy Plastic Are Hits at Sample Sale Day. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schwartz, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Schwartz, 2009; Thompson and Orvig, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Orvig, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Studies on Transport Policy
ISSN (print)2213-624X
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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