How to format your references using the Thrombosis Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thrombosis Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Young, Photonics: A stable narrow-band X-ray laser, Nature. 524 (2015) 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.D. Huberman, R.N. El-Danaf, Blindness: Assassins of eyesight, Nature. 527 (2015) 456–457.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Hayes, C. Scarlata, B. Siana, Central powering of the largest Lyman-α nebula is revealed by polarized radiation, Nature. 476 (2011) 304–307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Matsubayashi, M. Maki, T. Tsuzuki, T. Nishioka, N.K. Sato, Magnetic properties: parasitic ferromagnetism in a hexaboride?, Nature. 420 (2002) 143–4; discussion 144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Minei, J. Lucek, MPLS-Enabled Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
M.R. Katlic, ed., Cardiothoracic Surgery in the Elderly: Evidence-Based Practice, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Jain, Contact Dynamics Formulation Using Minimal Coordinates, in: Z. Terze (Ed.), Multibody Dynamics: Computational Methods and Applications, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 93–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thrombosis Research.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Neanderthal genome shows high levels of inbreeding, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Modernization: IRS’ Redesign of Its Tax Administration System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Luscinski, Best Practices in Adult Online Learning, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, And on Kohl’s Agenda (or Was It Menu?), New York Times. (1993) 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThrombosis Research
AbbreviationThromb. Res.
ISSN (print)0049-3848

Other styles