How to format your references using the Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastrandrea MD: Obituary: Stephen Henry Schneider (1945-2010). Nature 2010; 466:933
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeh JA, Zeh DW: Outbred embryos rescue inbred half-siblings in mixed-paternity broods of live-bearing females. Nature 2006; 439:201–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Rosenthal Y, Linsley BK, Oppo DW: Pacific Ocean heat content during the past 10,000 years. Science 2013; 342:617–21
A journal article with 31 or more authors
Gacemi D, Mangeney J, Colombelli R, Degiron A: Subwavelength metallic waveguides as a tool for extreme confinement of THz surface waves. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1369

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim Y-H: Sound Propagation. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010
An edited book
Klinkel S, Butenweg C, Lin G, Holtschoppen B: Seismic Design of Industrial Facilities: Proceedings of the International Conference on Seismic Design of Industrial Facilities (SeDIF-Conference). Wiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, 2014
A chapter in an edited book
Yang X-J, Baleanu D, Machado JAT: Application of the Local Fractional Fourier Series to Fractal Signals, Discontinuity and Complexity in Nonlinear Physical Systems. Edited by Machado JAT, Baleanu D, Luo ACJ. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp 63–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Carpineti A: US Approves World’s Most Sensitive Dark Matter Detector To Begin Hunt In 2020 2016 at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Amtrak: Deteriorated Financial and Operating Conditions. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon JR: Microwave-supported acid hydrolysis for proteomics 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L: Redevelopment Project Doubles as Social Experiment. New York Times 2009:B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnesthesiology
ISSN (print)0003-3022
ISSN (online)1528-1175
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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