How to format your references using the Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortey RA: Evolution: retrospective. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002). Science 2002; 296:1984
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen MS, White MC: A predictably selective aliphatic C-H oxidation reaction for complex molecule synthesis. Science 2007; 318:783–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Våge S, Storesund JE, Thingstad TF: SAR11 viruses and defensive host strains. Nature 2013; 499:E3-4
A journal article with 31 or more authors
Paltiel Y, Zeldov E, Myasoedov YN, Shtrikman H, Bhattacharya S, Higgins MJ, Xiao ZL, Andrei EY, Gammel PL, Bishop DJ: Dynamic instabilities and memory effects in vortex matter. Nature 2000; 403:398–401

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen M: Mind Games. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010
An edited book
Reich SM, Riemer M, Prilleltensky I, Montero M: International Community Psychology: History and Theories. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2007
A chapter in an edited book
Correa JR, Feuilloley L, Soto JA: Independent and Hitting Sets of Rectangles Intersecting a Diagonal Line, LATIN 2014: Theoretical Informatics: 11th Latin American Symposium, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 31–April 4, 2014. Proceedings. Edited by Pardo A, Viola A. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2014, pp 35–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Hale T: This Is What Would Happen If A Colossal Asteroid Hit The Sea 2016 at <>


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Use of Computers by Firms Providing Architect-Engineer Services to Federal Agencies. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams C: It’s not a beauty pageant!: An examination of leadership development through Alaska native pageants 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meacham J: The Man to Blame for Our Culture of Fame. New York Times 2017:BR17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnesthesiology
ISSN (print)0003-3022
ISSN (online)1528-1175
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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