How to format your references using the Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anesthesiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser CR: Astronomy. Simmering, not boiling. Science 2007; 318:404–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Ngai JT, Srivastava DS: Predators accelerate nutrient cycling in a bromeliad ecosystem. Science 2006; 314:963
A journal article with 3 authors
Sørensen TL-M, Møller JV, Nissen P: Phosphoryl transfer and calcium ion occlusion in the calcium pump. Science 2004; 304:1672–5
A journal article with 31 or more authors
Roushan P, Seo J, Parker CV, Hor YS, Hsieh D, Qian D, Richardella A, Hasan MZ, Cava RJ, Yazdani A: Topological surface states protected from backscattering by chiral spin texture. Nature 2009; 460:1106–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitola J III: Software Radio Architecture. New York, USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002
An edited book
Du W: Informatics and Management Science VI. London, Springer, 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Sourabh Joshi, Sarabjit Kaur: Ant Colony Optimization Meta-heuristic for Solving Real Travelling Salesman Problem, Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 3. Edited by Shetty NR, Prasad NH, Nalini N. Singapore, Springer, 2016, pp 55–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anesthesiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J: We’re About To See Jupiter’s Poles In Detail For The First Time Ever 2016 at <;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: District of Columbia Public Schools: Student Enrollment Count Remains Vulnerable to Errors. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takayama M: The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clifford S: Manhattan Dentist Faces Drug and Child Pornography Charges. New York Times 2015:A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnesthesiology
ISSN (print)0003-3022
ISSN (online)1528-1175
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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