How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Italian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Italian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schekman, Randy W. 2008. “Retrospective: George E. Palade (1912-2008).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5902): 695.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lemons, Derek, and William McGinnis. 2006. “Genomic Evolution of Hox Gene Clusters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5795): 1918–1922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes, C., A. Cazenave, and C. Le Provost. 2001. “Sea Level Rise during Past 40 Years Determined from Satellite and in Situ Observations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5543): 840–842.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Knill, E., R. Laflamme, R. Martinez, and C. H. Tseng. 2000. “An Algorithmic Benchmark for Quantum Information Processing.” Nature 404 (6776): 368–370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves, Ric. 2009. Joomla!® Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Gullino, Maria Lodovica, and Gary Munkvold, eds. 2014. Global Perspectives on the Health of Seeds and Plant Propagation Material. Vol. 6. Plant Pathology in the 21st Century, Contributions to the 9th International Congress. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Looi, Chee-Kit, Daner Sun, and Wenting Xie. 2016. “Design for Linking Science Learning to the Informal Spaces.” In ICT in Education in Global Context: Comparative Reports of Innovations in K-12 Education, edited by Ronghuai Huang, Kinshuk, and Jon K. Price, 75–94. Lecture Notes in Educational Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Italian Studies.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “A Forgotten War Technology Could Safely Power Earth For Millions Of Years. Here’s Why We Aren’t Using It.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Health and Safety: Environmental Oversight of Classified Federal Research. T-RCED-96-99. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fanelli, Rosemary Margaret. 2017. “Effects of Urbanization and Infiltration-Based Watershed Restoration on the Hydro-Ecology of Headwater Streams.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2009. “Down the Memory Hole.” New York Times, October 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schekman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Schekman 2008; Lemons and McGinnis 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lemons and McGinnis 2006)
  • Three authors: (Cabanes, Cazenave, and Le Provost 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Knill et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Italian Studies
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Ital. Stud.
ISSN (print)1354-571X
ISSN (online)1469-9583
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles