How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Italian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Italian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov, Anne. 2015. “Materials Science: Like Cartilage, but Simpler.” Nature 517 (7532): 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wills-Karp, Marsha, and Christopher L. Karp. 2004. “Biomedicine. Eosinophils in Asthma: Remodeling a Tangled Tale.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5691): 1726–1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glaser, Alexander, Zia Mian, and Frank von Hippel. 2015. “NUCLEAR SECURITY. After the Iran Deal: Multinational Enrichment.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6241): 1320–1322.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Apai, Dániel, Ilaria Pascucci, Jeroen Bouwman, Antonella Natta, Thomas Henning, and Cornelis P. Dullemond. 2005. “The Onset of Planet Formation in Brown Dwarf Disks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5749): 834–836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liphard, Klaus G. 2014. Labormanagement. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Plemenos, Dimitri, and Georgios Miaoulis, eds. 2008. Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Computer Graphics. Vol. 159. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Scott, Howard A. 2016. “Collisional-Radiative Modeling for Radiation Hydrodynamics Codes.” In Modern Methods in Collisional-Radiative Modeling of Plasmas, edited by Yuri Ralchenko, 81–104. Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Italian Studies.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “Documentary Reveals 90% of Minke Whales Hunted By Norway Are Female And Pregnant.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Opportunities to Improve Planning for Solar Energy Research and Development. EMD-77-8. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLaney, Brandy. 2015. “Youth Center for Improving Health and Wellness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil. 2017. “Opposition Leader Tests Public Support for Bid to Topple Putin.” New York Times, June 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ladegaard Skov 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ladegaard Skov 2015; Wills-Karp and Karp 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wills-Karp and Karp 2004)
  • Three authors: (Glaser, Mian, and von Hippel 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Apai et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Italian Studies
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Ital. Stud.
ISSN (print)1354-571X
ISSN (online)1469-9583
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles