How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Italian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Italian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, Eugene. 2002. “Putting Politics Back into Science.” Nature 415 (6874): 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Göhlich, Ursula B., and Luis M. Chiappe. 2006. “A New Carnivorous Dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen Archipelago.” Nature 440 (7082): 329–332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, Jonathan D., Jane A. Kirk, and Tim Hunt. 2003. “Unmasking the S-Phase-Promoting Potential of Cyclin B1.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5621): 987–990.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chu, Baojin, Xin Zhou, Kailiang Ren, Bret Neese, Minren Lin, Qing Wang, F. Bauer, and Q. M. Zhang. 2006. “A Dielectric Polymer with High Electric Energy Density and Fast Discharge Speed.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5785): 334–336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shore, Steven N. 2005. The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Badica, Amelia, Bogdan Trawinski, and Ngoc Thanh Nguyen, eds. 2014. Recent Developments in Computational Collective Intelligence. Vol. 513. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Iizuka, Michiko, Pedro Roje, and Valentina Vera. 2016. “The Development of Salmon Aquaculture in Chile into an Internationally Competitive Industry: 1985–2007.” In Chile’s Salmon Industry: Policy Challenges in Managing Public Goods, edited by Akio Hosono, Michiko Iizuka, and Jorge Katz, 75–107. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Italian Studies.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Man Fiddles On His Violin During His Own Brain Surgery.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Army Aviation Requirements. NSIAD-96-81R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, Kaigang. 2010. “An Explicative Model of Leisure-Time Physical Activities among Church-Going African Americans in Indianapolis.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, George. 2012. “Opera of the Soul, Sparsely Staged.” New York Times, December 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2002; Göhlich and Chiappe 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Göhlich and Chiappe 2006)
  • Three authors: (Moore, Kirk, and Hunt 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Italian Studies
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Ital. Stud.
ISSN (print)1354-571X
ISSN (online)1469-9583
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles