How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Italian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Italian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H. 2000. “Galileo Set for Suicide Flight.” Nature 406 (6791): 8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard, Ivan, and Alan R. Saltiel. 2015. “Metabolism: Inflammation Keeps Old Mice Healthy.” Nature 528 (7580): 44–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Galbraith, Catherine G., Kenneth M. Yamada, and James A. Galbraith. 2007. “Polymerizing Actin Fibers Position Integrins Primed to Probe for Adhesion Sites.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5814): 992–995.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Steffens, Sabine, Niels R. Veillard, Claire Arnaud, Graziano Pelli, Fabienne Burger, Christian Staub, Meliha Karsak, Andreas Zimmer, Jean-Louis Frossard, and François Mach. 2005. “Low Dose Oral Cannabinoid Therapy Reduces Progression of Atherosclerosis in Mice.” Nature 434 (7034): 782–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ndjountche, Tertulien. 2016. Digital Electronics 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Corchado, Emilio, Hujun Yin, Vicente Botti, and Colin Fyfe, eds. 2006. Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning – IDEAL 2006: 7th International Conference, Burgos, Spain, September 20-23, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 4224. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Hong, Wei Yang, Yang Xu, Jianxin Wang, and Liusheng Huang. 2016. “A Real Time Wireless Interactive Multimedia System.” In Web Technologies and Applications: 18th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2016, Suzhou, China, September 23-25, 2016. Proceedings, Part I, edited by Feifei Li, Kyuseok Shim, Kai Zheng, and Guanfeng Liu, 53–65. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Italian Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Biological Pacemaker Developed Using Gene Therapy.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Administration for Children, Youth, and Families: Need To Better Use Its Research Results and Clarify Its Role. HRD-77-76. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laffitte, Louis. 2012. “A Comparison of Pull-Out and Co-Teaching Models on the Reading Performance of Third through Fifth Grade Elementary Students with a Diagnosed Specific Learning Disability in Reading.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, Linda. 2017. “A Nascar Driver Finds His ‘Shooting Star.’” New York Times, January 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McCabe 2000; Maillard and Saltiel 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard and Saltiel 2015)
  • Three authors: (Galbraith, Yamada, and Galbraith 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Steffens et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Italian Studies
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Ital. Stud.
ISSN (print)1354-571X
ISSN (online)1469-9583
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles