How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Italian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Italian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedberg, Errol C. 2003. “DNA Damage and Repair.” Nature 421 (6921): 436–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, Mark J., and Scott A. Beatson. 2012. “Epidemiology. Outsmarting Outbreaks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6111): 1161–1162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, Zaoxue, Mei Cai, and Pei Kang Shen. 2013. “Nanosized Tungsten Carbide Synthesized by a Novel Route at Low Temperature for High Performance Electrocatalysis.” Scientific Reports 3: 1646.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nomura, Johji, Nathalie Busso, Annette Ives, Chieko Matsui, Syunsuke Tsujimoto, Takashi Shirakura, Mizuho Tamura, Tsunefumi Kobayashi, Alexander So, and Yoshihiro Yamanaka. 2014. “Xanthine Oxidase Inhibition by Febuxostat Attenuates Experimental Atherosclerosis in Mice.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, Mark A., and Ted T. Kalal. 2005. Improving Product Reliability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hamilton, Kirk L., and Daniel C. Devor, eds. 2016. Ion Channels and Transporters of Epithelia in Health and Disease. Physiology in Health and Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Derrick, John, and Eerke A. Boiten. 2014. “Calculating Refinements.” In Refinement in Z and Object-Z: Foundations and Advanced Applications, edited by Eerke A. Boiten, 129–150. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Italian Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Images Provide Strongest Evidence So Far For Liquid Water On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Telecommunications: FCC Needs to Improve Its Ability to Monitor and Determine the Extent of Competition in Dedicated Access Services. GAO-07-80. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, Katherine E. 2012. “The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2009. “Fire Up the Grill.” New York Times, May 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedberg 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Friedberg 2003; Walker and Beatson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Beatson 2012)
  • Three authors: (Yan, Cai, and Shen 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nomura et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Italian Studies
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Ital. Stud.
ISSN (print)1354-571X
ISSN (online)1469-9583
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

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