How to format your references using the Journal of Modern Italian Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Modern Italian Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, Virginia. 2004. “Taking a Risk in Start-Ups.” Nature 429 (6990): 484–485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mel’nikov, A. S., and V. M. Vinokur. 2002. “Mesoscopic Superconductor as a Ballistic Quantum Switch.” Nature 415 (6867): 60–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keimer, B., E. Sackmann, and P. J. Withers. 2002. “Neutron Scattering. The Case for Neutron Sources.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5593): 543.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chuang, Chih-Pin, Tao Yuan, Wojciech Dmowski, Gong-Yao Wang, Matt Freels, Peter K. Liaw, Ran Li, and Tao Zhang. 2013. “Fatigue-Induced Damage in Zr-Based Bulk Metallic Glasses.” Scientific Reports 3: 2578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scharf, Toralf. 2006. Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Champagnat, Jean, Monique Denavit-Saubié, Gilles Fortin, Arthur S. Foutz, and Muriel Thoby-Brisson, eds. 2005. Post-Genomic Perspectives in Modeling and Control of Breathing. Vol. 551. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Pitha, P. M., and M. S. Kunzi. 2007. “Type I Interferon: The Ever Unfolding Story.” In Interferon: The 50th Anniversary, edited by Paula M. Pitha, 41–70. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Modern Italian Studies.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Scientists Implant Tiny Lasers Into Living Cells.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. From School to Work. 147979. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy, Keight Tucker. 2016. “A Heuristic Study of Religious Spirituality and Meaningful Work.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “Clawing Her Way Back to Normal.” New York Times, February 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2004; Mel’nikov and Vinokur 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mel’nikov and Vinokur 2002)
  • Three authors: (Keimer, Sackmann, and Withers 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chuang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Modern Italian Studies
AbbreviationJ. Mod. Ital. Stud.
ISSN (print)1354-571X
ISSN (online)1469-9583
Sociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies
Political Science and International Relations

Other styles