How to format your references using the Thinking Skills and Creativity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thinking Skills and Creativity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli, A. (2005). India. Nature, 436(7050), 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker, N. B., & Everaers, R. (2009). Comment on “Remeasuring the double helix.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 538; author reply 538.
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle, N. J., Hartley, I. R., & Parker, G. A. (2002). Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature, 416(6882), 733–736.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kudo, K., Iba, K., Takasuga, M., Kitahama, Y., Matsumura, J.-I., Danura, M., Nogami, Y., & Nohara, M. (2013). Emergence of superconductivity at 45 K by lanthanum and phosphorus co-doping of CaFe₂As₂. Scientific Reports, 3, 1478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden, B. J. (2010). Wealth Creation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Batini, C. (2016). Data and Information Quality: Dimensions, Principles and Techniques (M. Scannapieco, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, N., Hurwitz, I., & Durvasula, R. (2013). Chagas Disease: Global Epidemiology and Evolving Methods for Control. In V. S. H. Rao & R. Durvasula (Eds.), Dynamic Models of Infectious Diseases: Volume 1: Vector-Borne Diseases (pp. 139–167). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thinking Skills and Creativity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 26). Robot Hitchhiker Will Make Its Way Across The U.S. This Summer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Energy Research: Recovery of Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects (T-RCED-96-225). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pierce, Z. D. (2016). The relationship between nursing instructors’ transformational leadership behaviors in the clinical learning environment and associate degree nursing students’ communication apprehension [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, March 20). A ‘Triumphant Return’ for a Church’s 17th-Century Tapestries. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Becker & Everaers, 2009; Mandavilli, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker & Everaers, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Royle et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kudo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThinking Skills and Creativity
AbbreviationThink. Skills Creat.
ISSN (print)1871-1871

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