How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gershon D: Look, no hands. Nature 424: 583, 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Law KL and Thompson RC: Oceans. Microplastics in the seas. Science 345: 144–145, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Xing M, Li X and Zhang J: Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Sci Rep 4: 5493, 2014.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Chen L, Park S-M, Tumanov AV, et al.: CD95 promotes tumour growth. Nature 465: 492–496, 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Smith GS: Straight to the Top. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
1.
Shaw R: Disaster Recovery: Used or Misused Development Opportunity. Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wu Y and Zhang G: Studies on Carrying Capacity of Water Resources in Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei. In: Report on Development of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province (2013): Measurement of Carrying Capacity and Countermeasures. Wen K and Zhu E (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp81–98, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S: Patients With Female Doctors Are Less Likely To Die Or Be Readmitted. IFLScience, 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Competition: Issues on Establishing and Using Federally Funded Research and Development Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Armstrong-Romero KA: Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J: ‘Today’ Host Discussing NBC Exit After Lewd Tape. New York Times: B6, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1107-3756
ISSN (online)1791-244X
ScopeGenetics
General Medicine

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