How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livio M: Astronomy: Hubble’s legacy. Nature 520: 287–289, 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rai AK and Cook-Deegan R: Genetics. Moving beyond “isolated” gene patents. Science 341: 137–138, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortin PD, Walsh CT and Magarvey NA: A transglutaminase homologue as a condensation catalyst in antibiotic assembly lines. Nature 448: 824–827, 2007.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tudosa I, Stamm C, Kashuba AB, et al.: The ultimate speed of magnetic switching in granular recording media. Nature 428: 831–833, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borgen UJ and Nakrem HA: Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of osteolepiform fish. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Ang L-M: Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks on Reconfigurable Hardware: Information Reduction Techniques. (Seng KP, Chew LW, Yeong LS and Chia WC (eds.)). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Sprumont Y: Monotonicity and Solidarity Axioms in Economics and Game Theory. In: Rational Choice and Social Welfare: Theory and Applications Essays in Honor of Kotaro Suzumura. Pattanaik PK, Tadenuma K, Xu Y and Yoshihara N (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp71–94, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E: Marine Animals Found Thriving In One Of World’s Most Extreme Environments. IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Critical Need for a Better System for Adjusting Top Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Salaries. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peng E: Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B: Green Day Is No. 1. New York Times: C2, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1107-3756
ISSN (online)1791-244X
General Medicine

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