How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ivell R: Endocrinology. This hormone has been relaxin’ too long! Science 295: 637–638, 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Holland MD and Hastings A: Strong effect of dispersal network structure on ecological dynamics. Nature 456: 792–794, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vance D, Teagle DAH and Foster GL: Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature 458: 493–496, 2009.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Moulin L, Munive A, Dreyfus B and Boivin-Masson C: Nodulation of legumes by members of the beta-subclass of Proteobacteria. Nature 411: 948–950, 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Higgs PG and Attwood TK: Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA, 2004.
An edited book
1.
Rahwan I, Parsons S and Reed C: Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems: 4th International Workshop, ArgMAS 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 15, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yamashita A: Comparative Analysis on Land Use Distributions and Their Changes in Asian Mega Cities. In: Groundwater and Subsurface Environments: Human Impacts in Asian Coastal Cities. Taniguchi M (ed.) Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp61–81, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D: Why Did Humans Evolve Big Penises But Small Testicles? IFLScience, 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Federal Efforts to Secure U.S.-Bound Air Cargo Are in the Early Stages and Could Be Strengthened. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alonzo CE: Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Koblin J: FX Plans a Commercial-Free Service With Comcast. New York Times: B6, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1107-3756
ISSN (online)1791-244X
ScopeGenetics
General Medicine

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