How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery E: A year of opportunity. Nature 410: 867–868, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Horvitz E and Mulligan D: Policy forum. Data, privacy, and the greater good. Science 349: 253–255, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W-B, Huang J-F and Fan H: Tunable single-photon frequency conversion in a Sagnac interferometer. Sci Rep 3: 3555, 2013.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Donelan JM, Li Q, Naing V, Hoffer JA, Weber DJ and Kuo AD: Biomechanical energy harvesting: generating electricity during walking with minimal user effort. Science 319: 807–810, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhard P-G and Suraud E: Introduction to Cluster Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany, 2008.
An edited book
Nolte S, Schrempel F and Dausinger F: Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology: Laser Sources and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayashi T and Raz E: Immunostimulatory (CpG) DNA-Based Therapies for the Treatment of Allergic Disease. In: Allergy Frontiers: Future Perspectives. Pawankar R, Holgate ST and Rosenwasser LJ (eds.) Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp65–77, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K: Scientists May Have Found Humans’ Oldest Known Ancestor – A Bag-Like Creature With No Anus. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Legislative Focus on Federal ADP Procurement and GAO’s Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nespoli G: Impact of Supervisor Support on Employee Job Satisfaction Among Fundraising Staff Within Higher Education., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG: The Inspiration for Betty of ‘Archie’ Comics. New York Times: NJ10, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1107-3756
ISSN (online)1791-244X
General Medicine

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