How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Joughin I: Climate change. Greenland rumbles louder as glaciers accelerate. Science 311: 1719–1720, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Heinze S and Homberg U: Maplike representation of celestial E-vector orientations in the brain of an insect. Science 315: 995–997, 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oberholzer S, Sukhorukov EV and Schönenberger C: Crossover between classical and quantum shot noise in chaotic cavities. Nature 415: 765–767, 2002.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
1.
Fradin C, Braslau A, Luzet D, et al.: Reduction in the surface energy of liquid interfaces at short length scales. Nature 403: 871–874, 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bradford R: Is Shakespeare Any Good? John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
1.
Ishai Y: Theory of Cryptography: 8th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2011, Providence, RI, USA, March 28-30, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Faceli K, de Carvalho ACPLF and de Souto MCP: Multi-Objective Clustering Ensemble with Prior Knowledge. In: Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Second Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2007, Angra dos Reis, Brazil, August 29-31, 2007. Proceedings. Sagot M-F and Walter MEMT (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp34–45, 2007.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E: Genetic Target May Prevent Weight Gain on High Sugar Diet. IFLScience, 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: National Airspace System: Issues in Allocating Costs for Air Traffic Services to DOD and Other Users. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mukherjee N: Development of High Sensitivity Bending Mode Polymer Piezoelectric Devices for Inner Ear Implantation., 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by: Arts, Briefly; Rostropovich Quits Moscow Opera. New York Times: E2, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1107-3756
ISSN (online)1791-244X
ScopeGenetics
General Medicine

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