How to format your references using the International Journal of Molecular Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Molecular Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
zur Hausen H: Science addict. Nature 478: S12, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
Altshuler JS and Altshuler D: Organizational challenges in clinical genomic research. Nature 429: 478–481, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsubogo T, Oyamada H and Kobayashi S: Multistep continuous-flow synthesis of (R)- and (S)-rolipram using heterogeneous catalysts. Nature 520: 329–332, 2015.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown ME, Barkume KM, Ragozzine D and Schaller EL: A collisional family of icy objects in the Kuiper belt. Nature 446: 294–296, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Monino J-L and Sedkaoui S: Big Data, Open Data and Data Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Mitra AP and Sharma C: Global Environmental Changes in South Asia: A Regional Perspective. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Chanak P and Banerjee I: Path Discovery for Sinks Mobility in Obstacle Resisting WSNs. In: Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics- Volume 2: Wireless Networks and Security Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics (ICACNI-2014). Kumar Kundu M, Mohapatra DP, Konar A and Chakraborty A (eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp39–50, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Molecular Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J: Paralyzed Man Able To Move His Arm With His Thoughts In World-First Procedure. IFLScience, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Small Business: Proposed Amendments to the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker MC: A descriptive study of the view from the top: Perspectives of experts in continuing medical education., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A: New Girl in School: Transgender Surgery at 18. New York Times: A1, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Mol. Med.
ISSN (print)1107-3756
ISSN (online)1791-244X
General Medicine

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