How to format your references using the The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodnina MV. Biochemistry. Translocation in action. Science. 2013 Jun 28;340(6140):1534–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser RS, DePinho RA. Connecting chromosomes, crisis, and cancer. Science. 2002 Jul 26;297(5581):565–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellberg ME, Balch DP, Roy K. Climate-driven range expansion and morphological evolution in a marine gastropod. Science. 2001 Jun 1;292(5522):1707–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee MG, Wynder C, Cooch N, Shiekhattar R. An essential role for CoREST in nucleosomal histone 3 lysine 4 demethylation. Nature. 2005 Sep 15;437(7057):432–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Porretta S, Silcher M. Concept Research in Food Product Design and Development. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
Gamble A. Beginning Rails 4. Carneiro C, Barazi RA, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013. XVIII, 328 p. 45 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Argyros IK, Magreñán ÁA. Inexact Newton Methods on Riemannian Manifolds. In: Amat S, Busquier S, editors. Advances in Iterative Methods for Nonlinear Equations. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 57–78. (SEMA SIMAI Springer Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. Meet Gnathostoma: The Worm Who Infects Swamp Eels… And Humans. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Battlefield Automation: Status of the Army Command and Control System Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-86-184FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le Blanc JD. Helping African American Middle School Students Transition to High School with the New Normal Project: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Met Opera Announces Lineup of Screenings. New York Times. 2017 Jul 20;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders
AbbreviationPrim. Care Companion CNS Disord.
ISSN (print)2155-7772
ISSN (online)2155-7780

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