How to format your references using the Thermochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Thermochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Schmidt, Perspective: if not funding then teaching, Nature. 511 (2014) S81.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Siaj, P.H. McBreen, Creating, varying, and growing single-site molecular contacts, Science. 309 (2005) 588–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Shapiro, H.H. McAdams, R. Losick, Why and how bacteria localize proteins, Science. 326 (2009) 1225–1228.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Bao, I.J. Fairchild, P.M. Wynn, C. Spötl, Stretching the envelope of past surface environments: Neoproterozoic glacial lakes from Svalbard, Science. 323 (2009) 119–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.P.V. Schaik, The Primate Origins of Human Nature, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
L. Dybkjær, W. Minker, eds., Recent Trends in Discourse and Dialogue, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Zhang, D. Liu, G. Li, W. Zhang, Special Task Scheduling and Control of Cluster Parallel Computing for High-Performance Ground Processing System, in: V.N. Alexandrov, G.D. van Albada, P.M.A. Sloot, J. Dongarra (Eds.), Computational Science – ICCS 2006: 6th International Conference, Reading, UK, May 28-31, 2006. Proceedings, Part III, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 17–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Thermochimica Acta.

Blog post
T. Hale, Scientists In The Antarctic Are Drinking Way Too Much Booze, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Education and Workforce Data: Challenges in Matching Student and Worker Information Raise Concerns about Longitudinal Data Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Popoveniuc, A framework for secure mixnet-based electronic voting, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, German Hand Helps to Bolster American Identity One Change at a Time, New York Times. (2011) B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThermochimica Acta
AbbreviationThermochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0040-6031
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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