How to format your references using the EJNMMI Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Konacki M. An extrasolar giant planet in a close triple-star system. Nature. 2005;436:230–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Coombs R, Georghiou L. Research and development. A new “industrial ecology.” Science. 2002;296:471.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yamamoto-Kawai M, Carmack E, McLaughlin F. Nitrogen balance and Arctic throughflow. Nature. 2006;443:43.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Stoykovich MP, Müller M, Kim SO, Solak HH, Edwards EW, de Pablo JJ, et al. Directed assembly of block copolymer blends into nonregular device-oriented structures. Science. 2005;308:1442–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Durenard EA. Professional Automated Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Catarci T, Ferro N, Poggi A, editors. Bridging Between Cultural Heritage Institutions: 9th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2013, Rome, Italy, January 31–February 1, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Aggelis DG. Acoustic Emission Analysis for NDE in Concrete. In: Ohtsu M, editor. Innovative AE and NDT Techniques for On-Site Measurement of Concrete and Masonry Structures: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 239-MCM. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016. p. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Fast Are You Moving Through The Universe? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Overcoming Long-Standing Problems, but Faces Challenges to Ensuring Its Investments Are Optimized. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-508T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Williams B. The Impact on Reunification for Families with Incarcerated Parents: A Policy Analysis of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. (nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Rare Praise On Chechnya. New York Times. 2001 Nov 21;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Research
AbbreviationEJNMMI Res.
ISSN (online)2191-219X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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