How to format your references using the EJNMMI Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davies W. Palaeoanthropology: The time of the last Neanderthals. Nature. 2014;512:260–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Young R, Gill JJ. MICROBIOLOGY. Phage therapy redux--What is to be done? Science. 2015;350:1163–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Maier T, Leibundgut M, Ban N. The crystal structure of a mammalian fatty acid synthase. Science. 2008;321:1315–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lander GC, Tang L, Casjens SR, Gilcrease EB, Prevelige P, Poliakov A, et al. The structure of an infectious P22 virion shows the signal for headful DNA packaging. Science. 2006;312:1791–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Armajani J. Modern Islamist Movements. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Clark Wortham S, editor. Common Characteristics and Unique Qualities in Preschool Programs: Global Perspectives in Early Childhood Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Teixeira AP, Guedes Soares C. Fundamentals of Reliability. In: de Souza GFM, editor. Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis. London: Springer; 2012. p. 91–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Real Reason More Women Don’t Code [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/real-reason-more-women-don-t-code/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: Improved Accessibility to Education’s Information Could Help States Further Implement Teacher Qualification Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Nov. Report No.: GAO-06-25.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Stevens S. Aboard and Beyond [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Flegenheimer M, Fitzsimmons EG. A Street Fight Between Uber and City Hall. New York Times. 2015 Jul 16;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Research
AbbreviationEJNMMI Res.
ISSN (online)2191-219X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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