How to format your references using the Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finlay, B. B. (2001). Microbiology. Cracking Listeria’s password. Science 292, 1665–1667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Juliano, C., and Wessel, G. (2010). Developmental biology. Versatile germline genes. Science 329, 640–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
McGinty, R. K., Henrici, R. C., and Tan, S. (2014). Crystal structure of the PRC1 ubiquitylation module bound to the nucleosome. Nature 514, 591–596.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, H.-R., Zhang, Y., Ozdamar, B., Ogunjimi, A. A., Alexandrova, E., Thomsen, G. H., et al. (2003). Regulation of cell polarity and protrusion formation by targeting RhoA for degradation. Science 302, 1775–1779.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marteel-Parrish, A. E., and Abraham, M. A. (2013). Green Chemistry and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mele, F., Ramella, G., Santillo, S., and Ventriglia, F. eds. (2007). Advances in Brain, Vision, and Artificial Intelligence: Second International Symposium, BVAI 2007, Naples, Italy, October 10-12, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Reid, I. N., and Metchev, S. A. (2008). “The Brown Dwarf — Exoplanet Connection,” in Exoplanets: Detection, Formation, Properties, Habitability, ed. J. W. Mason (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 115–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). Viral DNA In Our Genomes Protects Early Embryos. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971). Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Southern California and Participating Schools in Tulare County Serving Rural-Migrant Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn, D. N. (2015). Non-Athlete Students’ Attitudes toward Student-Athletes: A Social Identity Approach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). Hello, P.L.O.? This Is Israel, via Oslo. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finlay, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Finlay, 2001; Juliano and Wessel, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Juliano and Wessel, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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