How to format your references using the Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elser, J. J. (2011). Geochemistry. A world awash with nitrogen. Science 334, 1504–1505.
A journal article with 2 authors
Samet, J. M., and Wipfli, H. L. (2010). Globe still in grip of addiction. Nature 463, 1020–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esposito, M. S., Capelli, P., and Arber, S. (2014). Brainstem nucleus MdV mediates skilled forelimb motor tasks. Nature 508, 351–356.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paris, F., Fuks, Z., Kang, A., Capodieci, P., Juan, G., Ehleiter, D., et al. (2001). Endothelial apoptosis as the primary lesion initiating intestinal radiation damage in mice. Science 293, 293–297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halpert, B. (2011). Auditing Cloud Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Humbert, M., Evgenov, O. V., and Stasch, J.-P. eds. (2013). Pharmacotherapy of Pulmonary Hypertension. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishamina Athirah (2016). “The Role of Fast Speech in Misunderstandings in Brunei English,” in The Use and Status of Language in Brunei Darussalam: A Kingdom of Unexpected Linguistic Diversity, eds. N. A. Haji-Othman, J. McLellan, and D. Deterding (Singapore: Springer), 41–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). We’ve Found Liquid Water Flowing On Mars, But We’re Not Allowed To Investigate It. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985). Review of Two Proposed Automatic Data Processing Procurements by the Social Security Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaete, D. O. (2009). Investigation of intuitive eating after intervention measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., and de la MERCED, M. J. (2010). Big Setback For A.I.G. In Repaying Taxpayers. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elser, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Elser, 2011; Samet and Wipfli, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Samet and Wipfli, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Paris et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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