How to format your references using the Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tishkoff, S. (2015). GENETICS. Strength in small numbers. Science 349, 1282–1283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, K. K., and Vorburger, S. A. (2002). Tech.Sight. Gene therapy. Hurdles and hopes for cancer treatment. Science 297, 415–416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, L. H., Yang, H., and Bigras, G. (2014). Current breast cancer proliferative markers correlate variably based on decoupled duration of cell cycle phases. Sci. Rep. 4, 5122.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paterson, S., Vogwill, T., Buckling, A., Benmayor, R., Spiers, A. J., Thomson, N. R., et al. (2010). Antagonistic coevolution accelerates molecular evolution. Nature 464, 275–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J. G. (2005). Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Castelnuovo, P. (2013). Surgical Anatomy of the Internal Carotid Artery: An Atlas for Skull Base Surgeons. , eds. I. Dallan and M. Tschabitscher Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaliszyk, C., and Ida, T. (2011). “Proof Assistant Decision Procedures for Formalizing Origami,” in Intelligent Computer Mathematics: 18th Symposium, Calculemus 2011, and 10th International Conference, MKM 2011, Bertinoro, Italy, July 18-23, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. H. Davenport, W. M. Farmer, J. Urban, and F. Rabe (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). How Shrimp Farming Wreaked Havoc On Sri Lanka’s Coasts. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Information Technology: VA Has Taken Important Steps to Centralize Control of Its Resources, but Effectiveness Depends on Additional Planned Actions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katz, R. L. (2014). Graduate nursing students’ perceptions regarding caring for patients with HIV.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008). Fresh Fare, Ready to Eat. New York Times, NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tishkoff, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt and Vorburger, 2002; Tishkoff, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt and Vorburger, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Paterson et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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