How to format your references using the Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Potocnik, J. (2007). Renewable energy sources and the realities of setting an energy agenda. Science 315, 810–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dietrich, W. E., and Perron, J. T. (2006). The search for a topographic signature of life. Nature 439, 411–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prescher, J. A., Dube, D. H., and Bertozzi, C. R. (2004). Chemical remodelling of cell surfaces in living animals. Nature 430, 873–877.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jinks, R. N., Markley, T. L., Taylor, E. E., Perovich, G., Dittel, A. I., Epifanio, C. E., et al. (2002). Adaptive visual metamorphosis in a deep-sea hydrothermal vent crab. Nature 420, 68–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsch, R. (2017). Convergence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Uebel, T. E. (2005). Otto Neurath Economic Writings Selections 1904–1945. , ed. R. S. Cohen Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Nurmi, J. (2007). “Processor Design Flow,” in Processor Design: System-on-Chip Computing for ASICs and FPGAs, ed. J. Nurmi (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Hitchcock Flick Elicits Response in Brain-Injured Patient. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress, but Additional Efforts Are Needed to Improve Security. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, D. (2017). Leadership Best Practices for Female Executives in the Information Technology Industry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J. (1977). COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN. New York Times, The New York Times Magazine234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Potocnik, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dietrich and Perron, 2006; Potocnik, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dietrich and Perron, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jinks et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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