How to format your references using the Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloan, E. D., Jr (2003). Fundamental principles and applications of natural gas hydrates. Nature 426, 353–363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stocker, T. F., and Plattner, G.-K. (2014). Climate policy: Rethink IPCC reports. Nature 513, 163–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cremer, S., Sledge, M. F., and Heinze, J. (2002). Chemical mimicry: male ants disguised by the queen’s bouquet. Nature 419, 897.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Michel, T., Reichhart, J. M., Hoffmann, J. A., and Royet, J. (2001). Drosophila Toll is activated by Gram-positive bacteria through a circulating peptidoglycan recognition protein. Nature 414, 756–759.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klepinger, L. L. (2006). Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hüllermeier, E., Kruse, R., and Hoffmann, F. eds. (2010). Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mitchell, B. (2005). “Participatory Partnerships: Engaging and Empowering to Enhance Environmental Management and Quality of Life?,” in Quality-of-Life Research in Chinese, Western and Global Contexts Social Indicators Research Series., eds. D. T. L. Shek, Y. K. Chan, and P. S. N. Lee (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 123–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Only One Person In History Has Ever Been Cured Of HIV. How Did It Happen? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Applications Technology Satellite F and G Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krishnan, R. (2014). Generalized Conditional Matching Algorithm for Ordered and Unordered Sets.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mann, M. (2015). The Other Side of Boredom. New York Times, SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloan, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sloan, 2003; Stocker and Plattner, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stocker and Plattner, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Michel et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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