How to format your references using the Therapeutic Delivery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Therapeutic Delivery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walton KS. Inorganic chemistry: Movies of a growth mechanism. Nature. 523(7562), 535–536 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Wallenfang MR, Matunis E. Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science. 301(5639), 1490–1491 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheung VG, Sherman SL, Feingold E. Genetics. Genetic control of hotspots. Science. 327(5967), 791–792 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vandergoes MJ, Newnham RM, Preusser F, et al. Regional insolation forcing of late Quaternary climate change in the Southern Hemisphere. Nature. 436(7048), 242–245 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marroni L, Perdomo I. Pricing and Hedging Financial Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hammarlund-Udenaes M, de Lange ECM, Thorne RG, editors. Drug Delivery to the Brain: Physiological Concepts, Methodologies and Approaches. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen C-W, Chan L-W, Tsai Y-P, Hung Y-P. Augmented Stereo Panoramas. In: Computer Vision – ACCV 2006: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Hyderabad, India, January 13-16, 2006. Proceedings, Part I. Narayanan PJ, Nayar SK, Shum H-Y (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 41–49 (2006).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Therapeutic Delivery.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Monkey Caught Trying To Have Sex With Deer. IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airport Finance: Information on Funding Sources and Planned Capital Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer TH. Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling. (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Khodarkovsky M. Russia’s age-old identity question. New York Times, 0 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTherapeutic Delivery
AbbreviationTher. Deliv.
ISSN (print)2041-5990
ISSN (online)2041-6008
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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