How to format your references using the Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scholz BC (2002) Innateness. Nature 415:739
A journal article with 2 authors
Ausländer S, Fussenegger M (2014) Synthetic biology: Toehold gene switches make big footprints. Nature 516:333–334
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilestro GF, Tononi G, Cirelli C (2009) Widespread changes in synaptic markers as a function of sleep and wakefulness in Drosophila. Science 324:109–112
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Augui S, Filion GJ, Huart S, et al (2007) Sensing X chromosome pairs before X inactivation via a novel X-pairing region of the Xic. Science 318:1632–1636

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang Y, Wen F, Xiao M (2013) Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Schultz T, Nedjati-Gilani G, Venkataraman A, et al (eds) (2014) Computational Diffusion MRI and Brain Connectivity: MICCAI Workshops, Nagoya, Japan, September 22nd, 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Steinert M, Teufel S (2005) The European Mobile Data Service Dilemma. In: Krogstie J, Kautz K, Allen D (eds) Mobile Information Systems II: IFIP International Working Conference on Mobile Information Systems, (MOBIS) Leeds, UK, December 6–7, 2005. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 63–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Human Medicine And Agricultural Chemicals Found In The Blood Of Turtles. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/human-medicine-and-agricultural-chemicals-found-in-the-blood-of-turtles/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Highlights of a Forum: Financial Literacy: Strengthening Partnerships in Challenging Times. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
White BD (2015) Implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support at the High School Level. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2016) Exxon’s Unlikely Enemy. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scholz 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Scholz 2002; Ausländer and Fussenegger 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ausländer and Fussenegger 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Augui et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleOriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationOrient. Pharm. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)1598-2386
ISSN (online)2211-1069
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles