How to format your references using the Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strano MS (2012) Chemistry. Functional DNA origami devices. Science 338:890–891
A journal article with 2 authors
Höfling S, Kavokin A (2014) Solid-state physics: A historic experiment redesigned. Nature 514:313–314
A journal article with 3 authors
Rai VK, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH (2005) Photochemical mass-independent sulfur isotopes in achondritic meteorites. Science 309:1062–1065
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nelson C, Goto S, Lund K, et al (2003) Srb10/Cdk8 regulates yeast filamentous growth by phosphorylating the transcription factor Ste12. Nature 421:187–190

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zirngibl L (2005) Antifungal Azoles. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Hsu CS, Robinson PR (eds) (2006) Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Holden GW, Ashraf R (2016) Children’s Right to Safety: The Problem of Corporal Punishment in Pakistan. In: Deb S (ed) Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 59–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Dark Chocolate Is Good For You - And Now We Finally Know Why! In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Transformation and Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford BA (2017) Beneficial Tensile Mean Strain Effects on the Fatigue Behavior of Superelastic NiTi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins A (2016) In Measured Speech, Putin Calls for ‘Mutually Beneficial’ Ties With U.S. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strano 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Strano 2012; Höfling and Kavokin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Höfling and Kavokin 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nelson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleOriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationOrient. Pharm. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)1598-2386
ISSN (online)2211-1069
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles