How to format your references using the Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine (Orient Pharm Exp Med). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helmuth L (2000) NEUROSCIENCE: Tips for Neuroscience Neophytes. Science 290:699
A journal article with 2 authors
Krabbenhoft DP, Sunderland EM (2013) Environmental science. Global change and mercury. Science 341:1457–1458
A journal article with 3 authors
Oppo DW, McManus JF, Cullen JL (2003) Palaeo-oceanography: Deepwater variability in the Holocene epoch. Nature 422:277
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Garkavtsev I, Kozin SV, Chernova O, et al (2004) The candidate tumour suppressor protein ING4 regulates brain tumour growth and angiogenesis. Nature 428:328–332

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wills B (2016) Purposely Profitable. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Aziz CE (2009) In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Houdebine L-M (2012) Transgenics transgenic(s) : Alternative Gene Transfer Methods transgenic(s) alternative gene transfer methods. In: Meyers RA (ed) Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 10895–10923

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Can These Crystals Reveal How Mount St. Helens Will Erupt In The Future? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Head Start: Challenges Faced in Demonstrating Program Results and Responding to Societal Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis K (2010) Manifesting archetypal energy through music. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ, Steel E (2017) As Content Makers Rise, Malone Eyes Consolidation. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (McDowell 2003; Stringer 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krabbenhoft and Sunderland 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleOriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationOrient. Pharm. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)1598-2386
ISSN (online)2211-1069
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles