How to format your references using the Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prelec D (2004) A Bayesian truth serum for subjective data. Science 306:462–466
A journal article with 2 authors
Armatas GS, Kanatzidis MG (2006) Hexagonal mesoporous germanium. Science 313:817–820
A journal article with 3 authors
Morewedge CK, Huh YE, Vosgerau J (2010) Thought for food: imagined consumption reduces actual consumption. Science 330:1530–1533
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pettifer RF, Mathon O, Pascarelli S, et al (2005) Measurement of femtometre-scale atomic displacements by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Nature 435:78–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones GF (2010) Gravity-Driven Water Flow in Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Short T, Harris R (eds) (2014) Workforce Development: Strategies and Practices. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Syme D, Granicz A, Cisternino A (2007) Mastering Types and Generics. In: Granicz A, Cisternino A (eds) Expert F#. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 101–123

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Study Of More Than 3,500 Human Brains Reveals The Cause Of Alzheimer’s Disease. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Problems in the Federal Funding of School Bus Driver Training Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boos AL (2015) The post-abortion experience: A content analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) Start of Chiefs-Steelers Game Moved to Sunday Night. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prelec 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Prelec 2004; Armatas and Kanatzidis 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armatas and Kanatzidis 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pettifer et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleOriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationOrient. Pharm. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)1598-2386
ISSN (online)2211-1069
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles