How to format your references using the Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami GF (2007) History of science. Sputnik and satellite astronomy. Science 318:53–54
A journal article with 2 authors
Murai KK, Pasquale EB (2008) Neuroscience. Axons seek neighborly advice. Science 320:185–186
A journal article with 3 authors
Tucker WC, Weber T, Chapman ER (2004) Reconstitution of Ca2+-regulated membrane fusion by synaptotagmin and SNAREs. Science 304:435–438
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zalzman M, Falco G, Sharova LV, et al (2010) Zscan4 regulates telomere elongation and genomic stability in ES cells. Nature 464:858–863

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Posudin Y (2014) Methods of Measuring Environmental Parameters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gerrath J (2015) Taming the Wild Grape: Botany and Horticulture in the Vitaceae. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Tan L (2012) A Residual Energy-Based Fairness Scheduling MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Gao H, Lim L, Wang W, et al. (eds) Web-Age Information Management: 13th International Conference, WAIM 2012, Harbin, China, August 18-20, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) This Massive Sinkhole Just Swallowed Up A Street In Japan. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Summer Youth Jobs Program: Congressional Action Has Increased Emphasis on Remedial Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kovacev RJ (2008) Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) A Cosmetics Company Bets on Underdogs. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bignami 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bignami 2007; Murai and Pasquale 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murai and Pasquale 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zalzman et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleOriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationOrient. Pharm. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)1598-2386
ISSN (online)2211-1069
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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