How to format your references using the Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willig MR (2011) Ecology. Biodiversity and productivity. Science 333:1709–1710
A journal article with 2 authors
Jørgensen HF, Fisher AG (2010) Can controversies be put to REST? Nature 467:E3-4; discussion E5
A journal article with 3 authors
Efeyan A, Comb WC, Sabatini DM (2015) Nutrient-sensing mechanisms and pathways. Nature 517:302–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meng Z, Qiu Y, Lin KC, et al (2018) RAP2 mediates mechanoresponses of the Hippo pathway. Nature 560:655–660

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelton T (2013) Business Models for the Social Mobile Cloud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Kaneko M, Nakamura Y (eds) (2011) Robotics Research: The 13th International Symposium ISRR. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dang Q-V, Nielsen I, Steger-Jensen K (2012) Mathematical Formulation for Mobile Robot Scheduling Problem in a Manufacturing Cell. In: Frick J, Laugen BT (eds) Advances in Production Management Systems. Value Networks: Innovation, Technologies, and Management: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2011, Stavanger, Norway, September 26-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Woman Taken To Hospital With Shark Still Attached To Her Arm. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) DOD Schools: Funding and Operating Alternatives for Education of Dependents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roettger ME (2008) Three essays on social inequality and the U.S. criminal justice system. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) The Fighter and the Fight. New York Times MB8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willig 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jørgensen and Fisher 2010; Willig 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jørgensen and Fisher 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Meng et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleOriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationOrient. Pharm. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)1598-2386
ISSN (online)2211-1069
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles