How to format your references using the Environmental Impact Assessment Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Impact Assessment Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hudson, T., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Genomics and clinical relevance. Science 331, 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farmer, J.A., Campbell, C.T., 2010. Ceria maintains smaller metal catalyst particles by strong metal-support bonding. Science 329, 933–936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamashita, F., Fukuyama, E., Omura, K., 2004. Estimation of fault strength: reconstruction of stress before the 1995 Kobe earthquake. Science 306, 261–263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ishii, K., Ogiyama, Y., Chikashige, Y., Soejima, S., Masuda, F., Kakuma, T., Hiraoka, Y., Takahashi, K., 2008. Heterochromatin integrity affects chromosome reorganization after centromere dysfunction. Science 321, 1088–1091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 1993. Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cominetti, R., 2012. Modern Optimization Modelling Techniques, Advanced Courses in Mathematics - CRM Barcelona. Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Hupkens, I., Deutz, A., Yang, K., Emmerich, M., 2015. Faster Exact Algorithms for Computing Expected Hypervolume Improvement, in: Gaspar-Cunha, A., Henggeler Antunes, C., Coello, C.C. (Eds.), Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Impact Assessment Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Baboons Don’t Play Follow The Leader – They’re Democratic Travellers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems (No. T-RCED-97-79). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terrell, S., 2010. How Global Leaders Develop: A Phenomenological Study of Global Leadership Development (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Mets’ Wheeler Lands on the D.L. With a Stress Injury. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hudson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Farmer and Campbell, 2010; Hudson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farmer and Campbell, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishii et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review
AbbreviationEnviron. Impact Assess. Rev.
ISSN (print)0195-9255
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Geography, Planning and Development

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